FRANKLIN the cuttlefish considered the juicy prawn meat morsel in front of her. As mouth-watering as it looked, she resisted temptation and waited for her favourite meal to become available – live shrimp. Her self-control is impressive and comparable to what we see in chimpanzees and crows. Self-control is a vital cognitive skill that underpins decision-making and future planning. In humans, these abilities are linked to sentience because they are thought to involve conscious experience.
A federal rule that requires health care providers to offer patients free, convenient and secure electronic access to their personal medical records went into effect earlier this year. However, providing patients with access to clinician notes, test results, progress documentation and other records doesn't automatically equip them to understand those records or make appropriate health decisions based on what they read. "Medicalese" can trip up even the most highly educated layperson, and studies have shown that low health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes. University of Notre Dame researcher John Lalor, an assistant professor of information technology, analytics and operations at the Mendoza College of Business, is part of a team working on a web-based natural language processing system that could increase the health literacy of patients who access their records through a patient portal. NoteAid, a project based at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, conveniently translates medical jargon for health care consumers.
Wildfires across the world have been increasing in frequency and severity over the last five years. A number of records were broken in 2020 thanks to Australia's brush fires as well as wildfires in Spain and the Western United States. Due to the increase in devastation from fires, firefighters are also facing greater health risks after battling against blazes. To help with this problem, the Linux Foundation has announced that it will host Pyrrha -- a solution created by AI-platform Prometeo that uses artificial intelligence and the internet of things to guard the safety of firefighters. Prometeo won IBM's 2019 Call for Code Global Challenge after designing their platform, which monitors and acts on firefighter health and safety in real-time and over the long-term.
Pittsburgh technology company Marinus Analytics won third place in the IBM Watson AI XPRIZE competition Wednesday, beating out nearly 800 competitors around the world. Marinus uses artificial intelligence to sift through big data and help law enforcement agencies stop human trafficking and recover victims. "We had detectives saying, 'When we're looking for a missing child, the best we can do is print out a photo of their face, tape it to our computer screen, and scroll manually through online ads, and hope that we find them,'" Marinus president Emily Kennedy said in a video from the competition. The company's main product is Traffic Jam, a tool that uses facial recognition and other analytics to help law enforcement establish patterns and make connections across many trafficking websites with thousands of data points. Marinus estimates their software helped support 6,800 trafficking victims over a two-year span.
We are no longer just organ donors, but data donors! There is perhaps one word in today's techno-vocabulary that drives both interest and concern. It comes in all sizes and shapes and is as ubiquitous as life itself. Whether you know it or not, we manufacture data as a type of human exhaust that creates a physiologic portrait offering rich insights into wellness and disease. Today, we live at a unique point in human history where data are becoming the new currencies.
Have a beef with beef? A burgeoning veggie burger industry is using artificial intelligence to propose alternatives. Swiss group Firmenich, one of the world's leading flavour manufacturers, says recreating the sensation of beef relies not only on flavour, texture and colour, but also on how it responds to cooking and the way it feels in the mouth. "Finding a protein that resembles meat from a vegetable protein is highly complex," Emmanuel Butstraen, head of Firmenich's flavours unit, told AFP at the company's headquarters in Satigny outside Geneva. One of the toughest challenges is avoiding an unpleasant aftertaste.
A Swiss fragrance company is counting on artificial intelligence to help it perfect the plant-based burger. Firmenich, one of the world's leading flavor manufacturers, says recreating the sensation of beef relies not only on flavor, texture and color, but also on how it responds to cooking and the way it feels in the mouth. 'Finding a protein that resembles meat from a vegetable protein is highly complex,' Emmanuel Butstraen, head of Firmenich's flavors unit, told AFP. One of the toughest challenges is avoiding an unpleasant aftertaste--pea proteins tend to release bitterness, which the taste buds are quick to pick up, Butstraen noted. Vegetable proteins can give off hints of green apples or pears, an aftertaste of beans, bitterness or sourness, or even a feeling of dryness, said Jerome Barra, the company's innovation director.
It goes without saying that humans are the intended beneficiaries of the AI applications and autonomous systems that data scientists and developers are creating. But what's the best way to design these AI apps and autonomous systems to maximize human interaction and human benefit? That's a tougher question to answer. It's also the focus of human factors specialists, who are increasingly in demand. Datanami recently caught up with one of these in-demand human factors specialists.
Hygear, a smart fitness tool maker that launched in 2020, has introduced a smart jump rope that can provide users with real time feedback. The Hyrope can pair with the company's official app to track the user's jump count, speed, pace and calorie burn as they go along. Hygear's app picks the interactive workouts they can follow based on their fitness goals and uses AI tech to adjust them based on actual performance. While gyms have started reopening in recent months after coronavirus restrictions loosened up, some may still choose to continue exercising in their homes. A lot of people purchased expensive machines in the middle of the pandemic last year, after all, and may have gotten used to following video workouts from the growing number of digital fitness subscriptions out there.
Dr. Judy Palfrey is moving to Washington DC from the Boston area to help further Universal Health Care in the Obama administration, I think. WUaS is planning for a "Admitted Students' Day" for the first, matriculating Bachelor's degree class, on or around Saturday, April 14th, 2014, and the second Saturday of April for other degrees in the future. Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease: The Revolutionary, Scientifically Proven, Nutrition-Based Cure. Dr. Dean Ornish's Program for Reversing Heart Disease: The Only System Scientifically Proven to Reverse Heart Disease Without Drugs or Surgery. They highlight cutting-edge research, innovative education programs, and trends in biomedicine through interviews and analysis).