Directorate General Defence Estates (DGDE) has developed an indigenous AI-based software that will detect illegal constructions or trespassing on the defence land using satellite imaging. The software was developed by the Centre of Excellence on Satellite and Unmanned Remote VEhicle Initiative (CoE-SURVEI), along with Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), at Meerut Cantonment in Uttar Pradesh. Currently, the technology employs trained software and Cartosat-3 imagery from the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC). This software can detect any alterations made to the land by comparing satellite images in a time series. It allows the CEOs of Cantonment Boards to keep track of changes being made to the area, whether or not these changes are authorized, and when to take any action if it turns out to be unauthorized.
Rai already has a product called Jarvis that is used by Uttar Pradesh Police and other state police forces, featuring closed circuit cameras (CCTVs) and artificial intelligence (AI)-based facial recognition. In its new edition, Jarvis doesn't just use cameras to watch crimes happen, it also employs microphones to listen to what's going on in the city. "We have used audio analytics to detect incidents such as prison fights in Uttar Pradesh. Our target is to implement it in smart cities," said Rai. The audio analytics tool is also being used by organizations in retail and manufacturing to detect distress sounds and accidents.
Cybercriminals are using these changes to stay one step ahead of us through deceptive tactics, such as malware, phishing schemes, ransomware, credential stuffing and domain hijacking. These strained teams often find themselves drowning in false positives: Organizations, on average, receive 5,000 alerts a day, and cybersecurity professionals can usually only investigate 10 to 20 in a single shift. Through sophisticated algorithms and predictive intelligence, these tools hunt down malware, run pattern recognition, and find and thwart attacks before they can cause damage. As AI and machine learning continue to advance, we should develop capabilities that consider the risk tolerance of individual organizations in assessing activity and threats so teams can work on a finite number of alerts, while maintaining an acceptable level of protection. He holds two Master of Science degrees: one in physics from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur, India, and one in electrical and computer engineering from the University of Texas.
As cases of violence against women and girls have surged in South Asia in recent years, authorities have introduced harsher penalties and expanded surveillance networks, including facial recognition systems, to prevent such crimes. Police in the north Indian city of Lucknow earlier this year said they would install cameras with emotion recognition technology to spot women being harassed, while in Pakistan, police have launched a mobile safety app after a gang rape. But use of these technologies with no evidence that they help reduce crime, and with no data protection laws, has raised alarm among privacy experts and women's rights activists who say the increased surveillance can hurt women even more. "The police does not even know if this technology works," said Roop Rekha Verma, a women's rights activist in Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh state, which had the highest number of reported crimes against women in India in 2019. "Our experience with the police does not give us the confidence that they will use the technology in an effective and empathetic manner. If it is not deployed properly, it can lead to even more harassment, including from the police," she said.
In India, AI is becoming pervasive and has now seen adoption in a huge number of firms that are looking to automate some of their key processes. While the usage of chatbots is common now, the potential of AI is being explored to solve some unique problems. For example, Uttar Pradesh is using an AI powered video analytics tool to monitor prison activity across 70 prisons in real-time. The AI solution will ensure that law enforcement authorities are notified immediately when an unlawful activity is detected. Similarly, in the case of jewellery giant, Tribhovandas Bhimji Zaveri, AI is being used for automating product and attribute identification.