The UK government yesterday announced a raft of new measures designed to drive sustainability in space and help clear up the millions of shards of debris clogging up near-Earth orbit. This includes an'Active Debris Removal' programme, which involves launching a new spacecraft to physically collect and destroy pieces of space junk floating around the Earth. The project, which will receive £5 million in funding from the UK government, is set to launch in 2026. It is not a new idea – private space companies such as ClearSpace and Astroscale are already building spacecraft to capture debris in near-Earth orbit. However, they are focused on removing just one bit of junk at a time.
While Artificial intelligence (AI) has been developing for decades, recent years have seen increasing attention to its various societal impacts. These impacts range from positive and helpful to harmful and even life-threatening in some cases. Parliaments have responded to such developments by undertaking various programmes of work. What have they done, and what can Scotland learn from these approaches? This short review provides a snapshot of the work that various Parliaments around the world have undertaken on AI. It outlines the various approaches adopted by Parliaments and highlights common themes. In noting the key points for Scotland, it is designed to inform and guide the Scottish Parliament and others, as Scotland considers its own approach to the many opportunities and challenges AI presents. The report was written by Robbie Scarff on an internship supported by the Scottish Graduate School of Social Science. From this work, here are some key areas and questions for the Scottish Parliament to consider.
Fox News Flash top entertainment and celebrity headlines are here. Check out what clicked this week in entertainment. Kate Middleton is making her mark as a future queen consort. On Thursday, the Duchess of Cambridge led her first roundtable with U.K. politicians to champion her cause on early childhood development. The mother of three urged the politicians present that there is "more we can all do" to prioritize the well-being of children.
Mayor of London Sadiq Khan has announced £500,000 in funding to support the capital's data economy, coincident with the first day of London Tech Week. The money will go into Data for London, a platform which will, according to a statement from the Mayor's office, be a "central library for the vast amount of data held across the capital, enabling Londoners to access both public and private data more easily". The new "library" is a development of the Greater London Authority's London Datastore, set up in 2010, which contains 6,000 datasets. It houses a Coronavirus Hub, which was accessed more than five million times in nine months during the pandemic. It also contains a Planning Datahub, which holds data on more than 450,000 planning proposals, as well as an Infrastructure Mapping Application, which is used by utility companies to try to reduce the congestion and disruption caused by roadworks.
The UK government has highlighted Artificial Intelligence as one of the four'Grand Challenges' which will transform our future. However, what this transformation will look like is very much unknown, but we are standing on the edge of a technological revolution no one can truly comprehend. Humans generally have a tainted representation of AI in stories; AI is created to serve humans, but it becomes aware that we are irrelevant, and tries to destroy us. At SXSW 2018, Tesla's Elon Musk said the current state of AI regulation is "insane," calling the technology "more dangerous than nukes." But why are we so scared of AI, and how could it impact our jobs, or even our humanity?
The development and deployment of "educational pathways and materials" for healthcare staff on the use of AI is the main recommendation from an NHS report. The'Understanding Healthcare Workers' Confidence in AI' report is the first of two reports to be released in light of the Topol Review in 2019 which recommended the use of digital technologies such as AI and robotics to achieve digital transformation. The report, which was developed by Health Education England and NHS AI Lab, explores the confidence healthcare workers have in AI and what could drive that to help support the further implementation of AI within the NHS. It suggests that clinicians require training and education opportunities to help manage the gap between their opinion or intuition on a patient's condition and the recommendations made by AI technology. "The main recommendation of this report is therefore to develop and deploy educational pathways and materials for healthcare professionals at all career points and in all roles, to equip the workforce to confidently evaluate, adopt and use AI," the report states.
Move to Leeds and benefit from the jobs boom, says Melissa Berthelot, boss of medical appliance maker WarnerPatch, who relocated her business from London two years ago to benefit from a burgeoning deep tech industry in the West Yorkshire city. With skilled data science and software engineers in short supply across the south-east – and most other parts of the country – Leeds has proved a happy hunting ground for Berthelot, an engineer turned chief executive who used the first lockdown to make the jump north. Deep tech refers to sectors including artificial intelligence, robotics and bio-technologies. Its Blade Runner-like image may seem worlds away from the Emmerdale village tour on offer just west of town, but Leeds is managing to straddle old and new as it jumps up the UK rankings for job creation and productivity. The city has gained a reputation for developing the skilled staff and financial muscle needed to fund startups and innovation, especially in healthcare, but also in the city's more traditional areas of expertise – financial and legal services, manufacturing and retail.
Belfast, United Kingdom – The government of the United Kingdom has introduced legislation to protect the Irish language in Northern Ireland for the first time. The UK's main representative in Northern Ireland said last week's development was a "significant milestone" in what has been a long and tumultuous journey. Irish, sometimes known as Gaelic, is indigenous to the island of Ireland and was the population's primary language until the 19th century. Its use was widely suppressed and gradually declined during British rule. Irish became an official language in the Republic of Ireland after independence in the 1920s, but remained marginalised in Northern Ireland.
Today, Motilent, the first company to specialise in the assessment of digestive diseases using AI medical image analysis, announces a total of £1.2M National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) funding to develop and roll out its technology into more than 10 UK hospitals, including UCLH, Nottingham University Hospital and Frimley Park Hospital. Crohn’s Disease is a painful, debilitating inflammatory bowel condition that affects 115,000 people in the UK, with 33% diagnosed before age 21. Currently, anti-inflammatory medications are the standard of care. However, for the 40% who do not experience inflammatory symptoms, these medications are ineffective and can cause severe side effects, as well as costing the UK economy over £280 million every year. Currently, 69% of the UK population experiences persistent gut issues, […]
Having recently announced the launch of the new UK Cyber Security Council, the UK government has followed up by announcing its plans to publish a new National Artificial Intelligence Strategy (the AI Strategy) later this year. The aim of the AI Strategy is to build on the United Kingdom's position as a global center for the development, commercialization, and adoption of responsible AI. The UK is already a world leader in this revolutionary technology and the new AI Strategy will help us seize its full potential--from creating new jobs and improving productivity to tackling climate change and delivering better public services." The intention is for the AI Strategy to align with the UK government's overall plans to support jobs and economic growth through increased investment in infrastructure, skills, and innovation. The AI Council published the AI Roadmap in January this year, which set out a number of recommendations to the government on harnessing the power of AI, including recommending the establishment of a nationwide AI strategy. Having recently announced the launch of the new UK Cyber Security Council, the UK government has followed up by announcing its plans to publish a new National Artificial Intelligence Strategy (the AI Strategy) later this year. The aim of the AI Strategy is to build on the United Kingdom's position as a global center for the development, commercialization, and adoption of responsible AI. The UK is already a world leader in this revolutionary technology and the new AI Strategy will help us seize its full potential--from creating new jobs and improving productivity to tackling climate change and delivering better public services."