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Neural Character-Level Syntactic Parsing for Chinese

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

In this work, we explore character-level neural syntactic parsing for Chinese with two typical syntactic formalisms: the constituent formalism and a dependency formalism based on a newly released character-level dependency treebank. Prior works in Chinese parsing have struggled with whether to de ne words when modeling character interactions. We choose to integrate full character-level syntactic dependency relationships using neural representations from character embeddings and richer linguistic syntactic information from human-annotated character-level Parts-Of-Speech and dependency labels. This has the potential to better understand the deeper structure of Chinese sentences and provides a better structural formalism for avoiding unnecessary structural ambiguities. Specifically, we  first compare two different character-level syntax annotation styles: constituency and dependency. Then, we discuss two key problems for character-level parsing: (1) how to combine constituent and dependency syntactic structure in full character-level trees and (2) how to convert from character-level to word-level for both constituent and dependency trees. In addition, we also explore several other key parsing aspects, including di erent character-level dependency annotations and joint learning of Parts-Of-Speech and syntactic parsing. Finally, we evaluate our models on the Chinese Penn Treebank (CTB) and our published Shanghai Jiao Tong University Chinese Character Dependency Treebank (SCDT). The results show the e effectiveness of our model on both constituent and dependency parsing. We further provide empirical analysis and suggest several directions for future study.


The Prisoner Who Revolutionized Chinese Language With a Teacup

WIRED

It was 1968, two years into the Cultural Revolution. Shanghai was in the middle of an unseasonal heat wave, and its people cursed the "autumn tiger." Zhi Bingyi had more to worry about than the heat. He had been branded a "reactionary academic authority," one of the many damning allegations that sent millions of people to their deaths or to labor camps during the Cultural Revolution. Was it still appropriate for Zhi to think of himself as one of the people?


As Trump Squeezes China, Alipay's Star Rises

WIRED

Li Xian, who works at a publishing company in Shanghai, says the Chinese mobile-payments app Alipay is indispensable. Over the past week she's used it to order and pay for dinner through a delivery service, buy movie tickets, pay her utility bills, and rent a bike. "It's my lifeline," Li says. "I can't remember the last time I used cash." She is far from an outlier.


Apple Faces $1.4 Billion Lawsuit by Chinese AI Firm in Siri Patent Fight

WSJ.com: WSJD - Technology

An artificial-intelligence company recently awarded a Chinese patent for a voice assistant similar to Apple Inc.'s Siri has filed a patent infringement lawsuit against Apple that, if successful, could prevent the American tech giant from selling many of its products in the world's second-largest economy. Shanghai Zhizhen Network Technology Co. said in a statement on Monday it was suing Apple for an estimated 10 billion yuan ($1.43 billion) in damages in a Shanghai court, alleging the iPhone- and iPad-maker's products violated...


Let Elon Musk-Jack Ma Debate About the Future of AI. But Its Business Impact Is Already Here Today

#artificialintelligence

Last August, Elon Musk and Jack Ma came together to debate the current state and the future of artificial intelligence. The 2019 World Artificial Intelligence Conference took place in Shanghai, China, where it hosted the debate between Musk, the co-founder and CEO of Tesla, and Ma, the former executive chairman of Alibaba Group. Interestingly enough, Musk spent a good portion of the debate talking about aliens and outer space. Where on Earth (or beyond) did this come from? Musk has a theory that AI will quickly surpass the intelligence level of mankind.


Xiao-i empowers Contact Centers with Cognitive Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

HONG KONG, Sep 20, 2019 - (ACN Newswire) - Shanghai Xiaoi Robot Technology Co. Ltd (Xiao-i), a leading developer of AI technologies and applications, was asked to represent the AI industry at the annual Contact Center APAC conference on September 9-10 in Jakarta. The conference was attended by some 300 contact center representatives who gathered to discuss issues related to building next generation contact centers in the digital age. Xiao-i was pleased to represent the AI industry at the annual Contact Center APAC conference on Sept 9-10 in Jakarta. "Cognitive intelligence is helping to transform traditional customer service centers, from cost centers to knowledge management and data operation centers, while creating multiple layers of value for the enterprise as well," said Yiya Xu, Senior Vice President of Xiao-i. Cognitive AI technology enables companies to explore and apply data to business advantage.


JD and Philips Bring Unprecedented Precision to Retail with AI - JD Corporate Blog

#artificialintelligence

JD and leading health technology company Philips are using AI to maximize the performance of the brand's flagship store by better understanding its consumers and their behavior. The partnership leverages JD's unique AI-driven retail solution, which can provide a comprehensive analysis of a brand's performance and help develop a smart marketing solution that covers product strategy, market analysis, marketing management and more. The partnership was announced at the World Artificial Intelligence Conference held in Shanghai from August 29-31. The addition of AI to the puzzle allows brands like Philips to make sense of not only "structured data", which is comprised of clearly defined data types whose pattern makes them easily searchable, but also "unstructured data", which is comprised of data that is usually not as easily searchable, including formats like audio, video and social media, such as customer reviews, customer service feedback, product pages, advertisement videos and more. This is possible thanks to computer vision and natural language technology.


What Microsoft and Google Are Not Telling You About Their A.I.

#artificialintelligence

In September of 2018, iFlytek, a Chinese technology company and world leader in A.I. -- particularly in voice recognition software -- was accused of disguising human translation as machine translation during a tech conference in Shanghai. The whistleblower was an interpreter, Bell Wang, who was doing live translation at the conference. He noticed that iFlytek was using his translations as live subtitles on a screen next to the company's brand logo. This gave the appearance that the translated output was produced by their A.I. system, rather than by Wang. The company was also broadcasting the translations live online using a computer-synthesized voice, instead of the original human interpreters' voices.


Chinese girl idol group creates digital clones built by AI

#artificialintelligence

A new generation of idols are singing and dancing in music videos in China, with plans to sell albums and perform in concerts where they will engage fans with personalised interaction. Only thing is, they don't actually exist, at least corporeally. In the latest Christmas music video released by Chinese girl idol group SNH48, six of the group's most popular stars sing and dance with some special partners – digital copies of themselves based on their looks, voices and body language. The four-minute music video, co-produced by Tencent-backed artificial intelligence (AI) start-up ObEN, claims to be the world's first commercially released song co-starring human singers and their AI 3D avatars. "This song is our first step to test the waters in the virtual idol market. We are planning to create more intelligent virtual idols, releasing albums and making movies for them," said Xiong Wei, vice-president of the Shanghai-based SNH48.


Google's China search engine drama

Engadget

The first time many of us heard about China's use of facial recognition on jaywalkers was just this week when a prominent Chinese businesswoman was publicly "named and shamed" for improper street crossing. Turns out, she wasn't even there: China's terrifyingly over-the-top use of tech for citizen surveillance made a mistake. The AI system identified Dong Mingzhu's face from a bus advertisement for her company's products. "[The] president of China's biggest air conditioning maker," wrote The Telegraph, "had her image flashed up on a public display screen in the city of Ningbo, near Shanghai, with a caption saying she had illegally crossed the street on a red light." Shortly after, Ningbo traffic police admitted the mistake and claimed to have "completely upgraded the system to reduce the false recognition rate."