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When Big Data Goes Local, Small Data Gets Big


In an earlier article "The Importance of Location in Real Estate, Weather, and Machine Learning," various meanings and applications of location-based discovery in data science and machine learning were discussed. One algorithm described there is a powerful but strangely named machine learning algorithm: the Support Vector Machine (SVM). In the remarks below, we summarize the significance and utility of another powerful but strangely named machine learning algorithm that focuses on location: Local Linear Embedding (LLE). LLE is a specific example from the general category of Manifold Learning algorithms. The most famous example of manifold learning with LLE is the Swiss jelly roll example (illustrated above).

Cryptoassets and artificial intelligence in EU regulation - FinTech Perspectives


Our FinTech Perspectives series, will explore the content, potential, and shortcomings as well as the areas that require further clarification in this important field of European legislation on digital transformation in the financial services sector. Within its overarching plan to Shape Europe's Digital Future, The European Commission is determined to make the lead-up to 2030 Europe's Digital Decade. This ambition has, aside from activities in other fields, resulted in an outpouring of legislative initiatives. The great majority of these initiatives aims to get an ever better handle on our digital reality to date. For all of these, the European legislator needs to reconcile its desire to support technology and business innovation on the one side with the necessary protection for individuals and business in the EU on the other side. Getting this balance right is vital for the success of each of those initiatives.

UN rights chief calls for safeguards on artificial intelligence


UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called Wednesday for a moratorium on artificial intelligence (AI) systems that threaten human rights until enough safeguards are in place. Bachelet said in a press release: "Given the rapid and continuous growth of AI, filling the immense accountability gap in how data is collected, stored, shared and used is one of the most urgent human rights questions we face." As a part of its work on technology and human rights, the UN Human Rights Office published a report analyzing how AI affects people's right to privacy and other human rights such as the right to health, education, freedom of movement and freedom of expression. The report highlights the "undeniable and steadily growing impacts of AI technologies on the exercise of the right to privacy and other human rights." Bachelet noted that "the risk of discrimination linked to AI-driven decisions--decisions that can change, define or damage human lives--is all too real."

When is AI actually AI? Exploring the true definition of artificial intelligence


Today, the term artificial intelligence (AI) is thrown around rather generously. As businesses around the world become more open to making waves and ditching legacy technologies in their quest to become data-driven, an ever-increasing number of tech deployments are claiming to use AI or machine learning (ML). But, frankly, it's often not true AI that is being used. The problem is, AI doesn't have a widely recognised definition, so it's hard to draw a line between what is AI and what isn't. In recent years, multiple businesses have invested in tools and technologies to help them understand their data, ultimately looking to maximise efficiency and provide the best possible experience for their customers.

Artificial intelligence technique in detection of early esophageal cancer


Esophageal cancer (EC) is the eighth most common cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death worldwide[1]. EC mainly consists of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). EAC is the most common pathological type in Western countries, more than 40% of patients with EAC are diagnosed after the disease has metastasized, and the 5-year survival rate is less than 20%[2,3]. Although the incidence of EAC has been increasing globally, ESCC remains the most common pathological type (80%) of all ECs with the highest incidence across a'cancer belt' extending from East Africa and across the Middle East to Asia. Only 20% of patients with ESCC survive longer than 3 years, primarily due to late-stage diagnosis[4].

Data Science: Natural Language Processing (NLP) in Python


Created by Lazy Programmer Inc. English [Auto-generated], German [Auto-generated], 3 more Created by Lazy Programmer Inc. In this course you will build MULTIPLE practical systems using natural language processing, or NLP - the branch of machine learning and data science that deals with text and speech. This course is not part of my deep learning series, so it doesn't contain any hard math - just straight up coding in Python. All the materials for this course are FREE. After a brief discussion about what NLP is and what it can do, we will begin building very useful stuff.

NSW to trial geolocation and facial recognition app for home-based quarantine


The NSW government has announced the state will undergo a trial of home-based quarantine for people arriving in Australia based around a mobile app using geolocation and face recognition. The pilot will be jointly operated by NSW Health and NSW Police and entails a seven-day home-based quarantine program for around 175 people. It will be run across a four-week period and commence sometime this month. The app will use geolocation and face recognition technology to monitor whether a person is complying with the state's quarantine rules. It will also provide people with a testing schedule and symptom checker.

Taking lessons from a sea slug, study points to better hardware for artificial intelligence: Researchers mimic the animal kingdom's most basic signs of intelligence in quantum material


A new study has found that a material can mimic the sea slug's most essential intelligence features. The discovery is a step toward building hardware that could help make AI more efficient and reliable for technology ranging from self-driving cars and surgical robots to social media algorithms. The study, publishing this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was conducted by a team of researchers from Purdue University, Rutgers University, the University of Georgia and Argonne National Laboratory. "Through studying sea slugs, neuroscientists discovered the hallmarks of intelligence that are fundamental to any organism's survival," said Shriram Ramanathan, a Purdue professor of materials engineering. "We want to take advantage of that mature intelligence in animals to accelerate the development of AI." Two main signs of intelligence that neuroscientists have learned from sea slugs are habituation and sensitization.

Artificial Intelligence for Earth Monitoring MOOC


Artificial intelligence (AI) is playing an increasingly important part in our daily lives, whether it is providing our personalised social media feeds, online shopping or streaming movie suggestions, or even the mapping apps that route us around traffic jams. On a bigger scale, AI is already having a major impact on healthcare, finance, farming and many other sectors and its influence is predicted to expand rapidly in the coming years. One area where there is considerable untapped potential for AI is in the field of Earth observation, where it can be used to help manage large datasets, find new insights in data and generate new products and services. With this in mind, EUMETSAT, ECMWF, Mercator Ocean International and the EEA have joined up to develop a new massive open online course (MOOC) on AI and Earth monitoring. The idea for the course is to introduce participants to the wealth of Copernicus Earth observation data and the AI and machine learning techniques that can be used to work with it.

Top Financed Artificial Intelligence Companies


The advancements of Artificial Intelligence have startled the commoners with its high-tech abilities and the abilities to do things which human usually cannot do. From e-commerce to healthcare its capabilities are reshaping various business operations for the greater good. Owing to its increasing fame, many companies and startups are adopting AI capabilities to enhance efficiency, effectiveness, and productivity. Moreover, many investors are also keening looking to invest their sums in Artificial Intelligence realizing the worth of it. Many AI companies have risen from nowhere to everywhere across the market and the most obvious reason behind their growth is the hefty investments and finances they gain from VC firms and investors.