This week, on the new-media platform Feral File, artist Refik Anadol presents Unsupervised, an exhibition of works created by training an artificial intelligence model with the public metadata of The Museum of Modern Art's collection. Spanning more than 200 years of art, from paintings to photography to cars to video games, the Museum's collection represents a unique data set for an artist who has worked with many different public archives. The AI-based abstract images and shapes in Unsupervised are interpretations of the Museum's wide-ranging collection, weighted toward the exhibition of new artworks at MoMA this fall. Starting with the exhibition opening on November 18, new artworks will be revealed and released over three days. Each work will be made available to collectors as nonfungible tokens, or NFTs. MoMA curators Paola Antonelli and Michelle Kuo sat down with Anadol and Casey Reas, the artist-founder of Feral File, to talk about the ecology of mobile images, art in the age of mechanical learning, and the question: What if a machine tried to create "modern art"? This conversation has been edited for length and clarity. Paola Antonelli: Refik, how did you start thinking of your Machine Hallucinations series, of which Unsupervised is a part? Refik Anadol: Five years ago, I was very fortunate to be one of the artists in residence at the Google Artists and Machine Intelligence program. This was the moment of DeepDream's development, the very first time we were witnessing AI algorithms making an impact on the art and technology communities.
There are currently several AI-based image editing apps available that can not only edit images to meet specific requirements, such as removing backgrounds or enhancing colors but also do so quickly. As a result, post-processing time is reduced to a bare minimum. This artificial intelligence-based image editing software uses an algorithm based on machine learning and neural networks to completely change the look of images, rather than simply overlaying them as regular filters do. Sketch quickly became the go-to UI design app among professionals worldwide after its release in 2010. Although many competitors have chipped away at its market share since then, its position as the industry standard has remained relatively stable to this day.
But Jenna Lester, a dermatologist at the University of California San Francisco, was growing frustrated with the poor quality images she'd receive of her dark-skinned patients. It wasn't just a cosmetic issue -- the bad photos meant darker-skinned people weren't getting the same quality of care. So in January, Lester co-authored a paper in the British Journal of Dermatology that gives a step-by-step guide to photographing skin of color accurately in clinical settings. Lester, who herself is Black, said, "I feel like these issues and my life is constantly me saying, 'Hey, what about us?' 'What about these patients?'" Medical photographs are vital to documenting disease in textbooks and journals and training medical students.
So, the Mavic 3 is DJI's latest prosumer drone that builds on the company's long heritage of building drones. The Mavic 3 is a follow-on to the widely successful and highly acclaimed Mavic 2 Pro. It brings a raft of new features to the platform, including all-round obstacle detection and a dual-camera array. Now I have a few hours under my belt; I'm able to share my thoughts and feelings on this drone and, more importantly, whether I think it's worth the eye-watering price tag that DJI has put on this drone. See also: DJI Mavic 3 unboxing and first impressions. The model I've been using is the Mavic 3 and not the Cine version.
DJI is best known for drones, but it's possibly the most inventive camera company right now. After unveiling the outrageous full-frame Ronin 4K camera/gimbal last month, it has now launched the $2,200 Mavic 3 drone with not just one, but two innovative camera systems. As rumored, there are two models in the Mavic 3 family, the Standard and Cine models, along with a "Fly More" combo that bundles more accessories. The main difference is that the Mavic 3 Cine has a built-in 1TB SSD and supports Apple ProRes 422 HQ video recording -- highly desirable for professional film productions. The latter is also considerably more expensive, as I'll discuss shortly.
This article is part of our series that explores the business of artificial intelligence. Like every year, Adobe's Max 2021 event featured product reveals and other innovations happening at the world's leading computer graphics software company. Among the most interesting features of the event is Adobe's continued integration of artificial intelligence into its products, a venue that the company has been exploring in the past few years. Tickets to TNW 2022 are available now! Like many other companies, Adobe is leveraging deep learning to improve its applications and solidify its position in the video and image editing market. In turn, the use of AI is shaping Adobe's product strategy.
Houston-based hairstylist Taylor Crowley, 36, has built a reputation as a social media influencer and has been using augmented reality (AR) filters for the past few years as a "confidence booster." I don't wear a ton of makeup because less is more," she explains. "I try to choose filters that aren't going to distort my face." Crowley is also "big into photography" and views image filters like a filter on a camera that can be used to change tonal qualities. In one Instagram post of her posing with a large fish, Crowley used Adobe Lightroom to turn everything grayscale "because we live in Houston and fish in Galveston, and honestly, not everything is very pretty," she says. "I thought grayscale made the fish pop out." Similarly, Crowley posted a picture of herself in a bathing suit on Cinco de Mayo and grayed out the background to accentuate the beer can she was drinking from--and her green bathing suit. As someone who views content herself, "I think editing things that show a little more color or pop … grabs my attention a little bit more." Crowley is quick to add that she does not use filters when she posts client-related content. "Because I'm a hair stylist, I feel that it's cheating" to use filters, she says. I also want people to have a reasonable expectation when they come to get their hair done."
For many professional photographers, photo editing software is a key part of the process. There is a huge range of photo editing solutions on the market that go far beyond the filters and tweaks that mobile apps offer. Whether you are a professional, enjoy photography on the weekends, or you want to dip your toe into the field, you're not limited to Adobe Photoshop. Some types of image editing software focus on traditional, typical changes: exposure, contrast, grain levels, bokeh shallow depth blur effects, and color changes. Others now implement basic machine learning (ML) to try and automate editing flows, and some are specifically designed for creatives who want to combine art and photography.
Google's latest Pixel 6 phones are fun. Just look at their design, both within and without: There's the two-tone color scheme on back that seems as if it were pulled from an inspiration board filled with Starburst fruit chew hues. There's that eye-catching rear camera module, now so fanciful and conspicuous as to be immediately iconic, which was likely the intended point. Their Gorilla Glass-sandwiched bodies are free from blemishes in the form of unsightly fingerprint sensors and front-facing notches. They're impossibly thin yet rounded and smooth, and feel appropriately soft and light in hand as phones should be.
Facebook has announced a research project that aims to push the "frontier of first-person perception", and in the process help you remember where you left your keys. The Ego4D project provides a huge collection of first-person video and related data, plus a set of challenges for researchers to teach computers to understand the data and gather useful information from it. In September, the social media giant launched a line of "smart glasses" called Ray-Ban Stories, which carry a digital camera and other features. Much like the Google Glass project, which met mixed reviews in 2013, this one has prompted complaints of privacy invasion. Tickets to TNW Conference 2022 are available now!