Civil Rights & Constitutional Law


Beyond science fiction: Artificial Intelligence and human rights

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Today, however, the convergence of complex algorithms, big data, and exponential increases in computational power has resulted in a world where AI raises significant ethical and human rights dilemmas, involving rights ranging from the right to privacy to due process. Although less dramatic than military applications, the development of AI in the domestic sector also opens the door to significant human rights issues such as discrimination and systemic racism. Police forces across the country, for example, are increasingly turning to automated "predictive policing" systems that ingest large amounts of data on criminal activity, demographics, and geospatial patterns to produce maps of where algorithms predict crime is likely to occur. The development of AI in the domestic sector also opens the door to significant human rights issues such as discrimination and systemic racism.


Healthcare Robots and the Right to Privacy

VideoLectures.NET

The latter is, due to its importance, protected not only by national health legislations, yet also by Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, Right to privacy. As already mentioned, medicine is a profession that requires a certain level of maintenance of secrecy of confidential information and according to the previous Court's decisions the secrecy is even more important in cases that involves psychiatric records. The robots' involvement in medical treatments on one hand and easy access to the information they gain during the treatment on the other, bring into question the effectiveness of the provisions of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Current legislations in countries around the world do not put much attention on this particular area, even though the modern robotic approaches have already been introduced and also very well accepted.


drones-become-newest-crime-fighting-tool-for-police.html

FOX News

Just one week after the sheriff's department in Cecil County, Md., got its brand new drone up and running, it was asked to investigate a case of stolen construction equipment. So the Cecil County Sheriff sent his Typhoon H Pro to investigate. The sheriff's department in Somerset County, N.J., hopes its drones could help it find missing people. "Years ago, when we had people wander off, we would bring out the rescue department, the fire department, fire department volunteers, K-9 if we had it and we'd search and search and search and never find the person," said Somerset County Sheriff Frank Provensano.


LA Fire Department could soon use DRONES

Daily Mail

Hamid Khan, founder of the Stop LAPD Spying Coalition, said that the drones could provide a'backdoor' to share information with the police. Hamid Khan, founder of the Stop LAPD Spying Coalition, said that the drones could provide a'backdoor' to share information with the police. Melanie Ochoa, staff attorney at the ACLU, said: 'We can't protect against mission creep because we don't know what the mission is to start with.' Melanie Ochoa, staff attorney at the ACLU, said: 'We can't protect against mission creep because we don't know what the mission is to start with.'


The latest NSA leak is a reminder that your bosses can see your every move

Washington Post

The answer, according to some former NSA analysts, is that the agency routinely monitors many of its employees' computer activity. It is a $200 million-a-year industry, according to a study last year by 451 Research, a technology research firm, and is estimated to be worth $500 million by 2020. Employee monitoring recently came to light in a high-profile lawsuit involving Uber and Waymo, the self-driving car company owned by Google's parent firm, Alphabet. Privacy advocates have been pushing for years to have Congress review various communications privacy laws in light of updates to technology.


International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Information

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submission: We invite submission for a 30 minute presentation (followed by 10 minute discussion). An extended abstract of approximately 250-500 words should be prepared for blind review and include a cover page with full name, institution, contact information and short bio. Files should be submitted in doc(x) word. Please indicate in the subject of the message the following structure: "First Name Last Name - Track - Title of Abstract" We intend to produce a collected volume based upon contributions to the conference.


Salesforce Joins Partnership on AI to Benefit People and Society

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The reality is that thanks to a convergence of increasing compute power, big data and algorithmic advances, AI is becoming mainstream and finding practical applications in nearly every facet of our personal lives. That's why I'm excited to announce that Salesforce is joining the Partnership on AI to Benefit Society and People. Trust, equality, innovation and growth are a central part of everything we do and we are committed to extending these values to AI by joining the Partnership's diverse group of companies, institutions and nonprofits who are also committed to collaboration and open dialogue on the many opportunities and rising challenges around AI. We look forward to collaborating with other Partnership on AI members to address the challenges and opportunities within the AI field including companies, nonprofits and institutions such as founding members Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Google / DeepMind, IBM and Microsoft; existing Partners AAAI, ALCU, OpenAI, and new partners: AI Forum of New Zealand (AIFNZ), Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence (AI2), Centre for Democracy & Tech (CDT), Centre for Internet and Society, India (CIS), Cogitai, Data & Society Research Institute (D&S), Digital Asia Hub, eBay, Electronic Freedom Foundation (EFF), Future of Humanity Institute (FHI), Future of Privacy Forum (FPF), Human Rights Watch (HRW), Intel, Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (CFI), McKinsey & Company, SAP, Salesforce.com,


Pew Research Center: Internet, Science and Tech on the Future of Free Speech

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They believe: Technical and human solutions will arise as the online world splinters into segmented, controlled social zones with the help of artificial intelligence (AI). They predict more online platforms will require clear identification of participants; some expect that online reputation systems will be widely used in the future. She said, "Until we have a mechanism users trust with their unique online identities, online communication will be increasingly shaped by negative activities, with users increasingly forced to engage in avoidance behaviors to dodge trolls and harassment. Public discourse forums will increasingly use artificial intelligence, machine learning, and wisdom-of-crowds reputation-management techniques to help keep dialog civil.


Can your smart home be used against you in court?

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The home's resident, James Andrew Bates, told authorities he'd found the body of Victor Collins dead that morning. Amazon initially pushed back against the request, citing First Amendment protections, but ultimately conceded when Bates agreed to allow the information to be handed over to police. Hotword detection runs locally on the Google Home device and if the hotword is not detected, the audio snippet stays local on the device and is immediately discarded. The laws governing precisely what access the government has to information collected on smart home devices is similarly up in the air, another fact that the Arkansas murder trial highlighted.


Apple's head of Siri is joining the Partnership on AI

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Tim Cook's firm has become a founding member of the organisation, which includes Google/DeepMind, Microsoft, IBM, Facebook and Amazon. Apple's Tom Gruber, the chief technology officer of AI personal assistant Siri, has joined the group of trustees running the non-profit partnership. As well as Gruber, the Partnership on AI has announced six independent board members: Dario Amodei from Elon Musk's OpenAI, Eric Sears of the MacArthur Foundation, and Deirdre Mulligan from UC Berkley. Facebook, Google (in the form of DeepMind), Microsoft, IBM, and Amazon have created a partnership to research and collaborate on advancing AI in a responsible way.