In this interview, we talk to Takayuki Baba from Fujitsu Research about ongoing research using artificial intelligence to achieve earlier diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. I am Takayuki Baba, and I am researching medical image diagnosis support technology as a "converging technology" that combines image analysis technology and medical science at Fujitsu Research. Converging technologies combine two or more different social sciences and technology areas to achieve a specific goal and represent a major focus of Fujitsu's R & D. Fujitsu Research has a track record in the research and development of technologies for the detection of multiple types of lesions on computed tomography (CT) images with AI and the retrieval of past CT images with a similar distribution of lesions, which are used in medical diagnostic imaging support technologies to help physicians make diagnoses. Fujitsu and the Southern Tohoku General Hospital have started joint research with Fujitsu Japan Limited and FCOM CORPORATION on AI technology for detecting pancreatic cancer from non-contrast CT images through FCOM, which has been supporting the medical system of Southern Tohoku General Hospital. The survival rate for pancreatic cancer is said to be low, as it is often found when it has already progressed to a state that is difficult to treat.
BackgroundHandwriting is an acquired complex cognitive and motor skill resulting from the activation of a widespread brain network. Handwriting therefore may provide biologically relevant information on health status. Also, handwriting can be collected easily in an ecological scenario, through safe, cheap, and largely available tools. Hence, objective handwriting analysis through artificial intelligence would represent an innovative strategy for telemedicine purposes in healthy subjects and people affected by neurological disorders.Materials and MethodsOne-hundred and fifty-six healthy subjects (61 males; 49.6 ± 20.4 years) were enrolled and divided according to age into three subgroups: Younger adults (YA), middle-aged adults (MA), and older adults (OA). Participants performed an ecological handwriting task that was digitalized through smartphones. Data underwent the DBNet algorithm for measuring and comparing the average stroke sizes in the three groups. A convolutional neural network (CNN) was also used to classify handwriting samples. Lastly, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and sensitivity, specificity, positive, negative predictive values (PPV, NPV), accuracy and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated to report the performance of the algorithm.ResultsStroke sizes were significantly smaller in OA than in MA and YA. The CNN classifier objectively discriminated YA vs. OA (sensitivity = 82%, specificity = 80%, PPV = 78%, NPV = 79%, accuracy = 77%, and A...
A new artificial intelligence sleep app has been developed that might be able to replace sleeping pills for insomnia sufferers. Sleepio uses an AI algorithm to provide individuals with tailored cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said it would save the NHS money as well as reduce prescriptions of medicines such as zolpidem and zopiclone, which can be dependency forming. Its economic analysis found healthcare costs were lower after one year of using Sleepio, mostly because of fewer GP appointments and sleeping pills prescribed. The app provides a digital six-week self-help programme involving a sleep test, weekly interactive CBT-I sessions and keeping a diary about sleeping patterns.
Human beings, as we know, really boast a wide range of skills, but if we have to pick the most valuable one from the lot, it's going to be our problem-solving capabilities. You see, this particular skill is really what allows us to answer different questions in life, and consequentially, take that next step in our journey. Now, even though the stated element has proved to be helpful pretty much by default, we have still tried to enhance it over the years. Talk about how we did it, we would actually end up inculcating a unique set of ideas. However, in hindsight, it's hard to put any of those ideas above a certain one called technology.
Inside the womb, fetuses can begin to hear some sounds around 20 weeks of gestation. However, the input they are exposed to is limited to low-frequency sounds because of the muffling effect of the amniotic fluid and surrounding tissues. A new MIT-led study suggests that this degraded sensory input is beneficial, and perhaps necessary, for auditory development. Using simple computer models of the human auditory processing, the researchers showed that initially limiting input to low-frequency sounds as the models learned to perform certain tasks actually improved their performance. Along with an earlier study from the same team, which showed that early exposure to blurry faces improves computer models' subsequent generalization ability to recognize faces, the findings suggest that receiving low-quality sensory input may be key to some aspects of brain development.
Artificial Intelligence is transforming the business world as a whole with all its applications and potential, with visual-based AI being capable of digital images and videos. Visual-based AI, which refers to computer vision, is an application of AI that is playing a significant role in enabling a digital transformation by enabling machines to detect and recognize not just images and videos, but also the various elements within them, such as people, objects, animals and even sentiments, emotional and other parameters-based capabilities to name a few. Artificial intelligence is now further evolving across various industries and sectors. Transport: Computer vision aids in a better experience for transport, as video analytics combined with Automatic number plate recognition can help in tracking and tracing violators of traffic safety laws (speed limits and lane violation etc.) and stolen or lost cars, as well as in toll management and traffic monitoring and controlling. Aviation: Visual AI can help in providing prompt assistance for elderly passengers and for those requiring assistance (physically challenged, pregnant women etc.); it can also be useful in creating a new "face-as-a-ticket" option for easy and fast boarding for passengers, in tracking down lost baggage around the airport as well as in security surveillance on passengers and suspicious objects (track and trace objects and passengers relevant to it).
Microsoft Build--at the opening keynote by CEO and Chairman, Satya Nadella, announced the final judging for the 2022 Imagine Cup global winner. After the judging, V Bionic took top honours today, May 24. Their platform solution, ExoHeal, combines a therapeutic exoskeleton hand device with sensors, and extensive intuitive app -- that helps patients with hand paralysis to experience a faster, more comfortable, inexpensive, three stage rehabilitation process to improve patients physical and mental health. The V BIONIC team is achieving international recognition through competitions and award programs including: Global Finalists in the Google Science Fair and Social Innovation Award winners at the Diamond Challenge, and today as World Champions of Imagine Cup as key gems in their crown towards success. Their hard work and passion is founded on the inspiration to do more for humanity and by implementing tech-for-good.
As artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies continue to be developed, they may become powerful tools in many fields, including that of medicine. AI, complementing human experience and judgement, has already shown promise as a prognostic tool. Recent research using an AI program to help identify, from the results of chest scans, the risk of lung cancer is an example of the technique in action. Lung cancer is the second most common form of cancer worldwide, according to the World Cancer Research Fund. In Australia, it is the leading cause of cancer deaths and Cancer Australia estimates lung cancer accounted for 17.7% of all deaths from cancer in 2021.
"I told my psychiatrist that everyone hates me. He said I was being ridiculous -- everyone hasn't met me yet." Might we incorporate artificial intelligence (AI)-powered software into mental health management? We now have artificial intelligence apps that analyze the human voice and text. I find the prospect of machines invading this therapeutic space both exciting and dangerous.
The candidate will work within the technology team to develop, apply, and design novel machine learning (ML) algorithms with the ultimate aim of discovering therapeutic antibodies from next-generation sequencing (NGS) datasets. The candidate will be involved in multiple projects spanning our oncology, neuroscience, and infectious disease programmes. You will be responsible for the growth and development of our ML product roadmap. This will initially focus on exploiting methods in natural language processing for antibody discovery and patient stratification, and exploring the latest advances in ML (in areas such as self-supervised learning) to extend our capabilities. You will contribute new algorithms and strategies to increase accuracy, explainability, and/or automation of our technology platform.