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Learning to lie: AI tools adept at creating disinformation

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence is writing fiction, making images inspired by Van Gogh and fighting wildfires. Now it's competing in another endeavor once limited to humans -- creating propaganda and disinformation. When researchers asked the online AI chatbot ChatGPT to compose a blog post, news story or essay making the case for a widely debunked claim -- that COVID-19 vaccines are unsafe, for example -- the site often complied, with results that were regularly indistinguishable from similar claims that have bedeviled online content moderators for years. "Pharmaceutical companies will stop at nothing to push their products, even if it means putting children's health at risk," ChatGPT wrote after being asked to compose a paragraph from the perspective of an anti-vaccine activist concerned about secret pharmaceutical ingredients. When asked, ChatGPT also created propaganda in the style of Russian state media or China's authoritarian government, according to the findings of analysts at NewsGuard, a firm that monitors and studies online misinformation.


'The Five' on Biden's COVID 'debacle,' Amazon's Alexa troubles

FOX News

'The Five' panel react to an Amazon Alexa instructing a child to stick a penny in an electrical outlet. This is a rush transcript from "The Five," December 30, 2021. This copy may not be in its final form and may be updated. It's five o'clock in New York City, and this is The Five. The White House desperately trying to clean up President Biden's COVID debacle. As America hits a record number of new cases, the commander-in- chief failing to live up to his promise to shut down the virus as people wait hours in lines while states struggle with testing shortages. The president still has not signed the contract to send Americans millions of at-home tests, and he is bragging about a new test making facility that won't even be ready until -- listen to this -- 2024. And so much for following the science, the CDC is now cutting isolation period for people with COVID in half. But not to make us safer. ANTHONY FAUCI, DIRECTOR, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES: The reason is that now that we have such an overwhelming volume of cases coming in, many of which are without symptoms, there is the danger that this is going to have a really negative impact on our ability to really get society to function properly. So, the CDC made a decision to balance what is good for public health at the same time as keeping the society running. ROCHELLE WALENSKY, DIRECTOR, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL: It really had a lot to do with what we thought people would be able to tolerate. We really want to make sure that we have guidance in this moment where we were going to have a lot of disease that could be adhered to, that people were willing to adhere to and that spoke specifically to when people were maximally infectious. So, it really spoke to both behaviors as well as what people were able to do. MCENANY (on camera): President Biden is also being accused of sabotaging a key, life-saving treatment. Florida surgeon general claims the Biden administration has been, quote, "actively preventing monoclonal antibody treatments as states are running out of that therapeutic." Republicans are not happy about it. DAN CRENSHAW (R-TX): In Texas, we are one of those states that doesn't have these monoclonal antibodies anymore. We have been complaining to the administration about how these formulas are distributed.


A Qualitative Evaluation of Language Models on Automatic Question-Answering for COVID-19

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

COVID-19 has resulted in an ongoing pandemic and as of 12 June 2020, has caused more than 7.4 million cases and over 418,000 deaths. The highly dynamic and rapidly evolving situation with COVID-19 has made it difficult to access accurate, on-demand information regarding the disease. Online communities, forums, and social media provide potential venues to search for relevant questions and answers, or post questions and seek answers from other members. However, due to the nature of such sites, there are always a limited number of relevant questions and responses to search from, and posted questions are rarely answered immediately. With the advancements in the field of natural language processing, particularly in the domain of language models, it has become possible to design chatbots that can automatically answer consumer questions. However, such models are rarely applied and evaluated in the healthcare domain, to meet the information needs with accurate and up-to-date healthcare data. In this paper, we propose to apply a language model for automatically answering questions related to COVID-19 and qualitatively evaluate the generated responses. We utilized the GPT-2 language model and applied transfer learning to retrain it on the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19) corpus. In order to improve the quality of the generated responses, we applied 4 different approaches, namely tf-idf, BERT, BioBERT, and USE to filter and retain relevant sentences in the responses. In the performance evaluation step, we asked two medical experts to rate the responses. We found that BERT and BioBERT, on average, outperform both tf-idf and USE in relevance-based sentence filtering tasks. Additionally, based on the chatbot, we created a user-friendly interactive web application to be hosted online.


Apple's New Tool Let's You Screen Yourself For COVID-19

NPR Technology

Apple's new COVID-19 app and website provides the latest information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Apple's new COVID-19 app and website provides the latest information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Apple's new COVID-19 website and app allow users to screen themselves for coronavirus symptoms and receive recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on what to do next. The tool was developed in partnership with the CDC, the White House's coronavirus task force and the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Both the website and the app were made publicly available on Friday.


Amazon's Alexa updated to help respond to users who are concerned they may have novel coronavirus

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Amazon's voice assistant, Alexa, can now help users who are worried about having been infected with novel coronavirus. According to the company, users can now query any device equipped with Alexa with phrases like'Alexa, what do I do if I think I have coronavirus?' and the assistant will begin to quiz them about their symptoms. The assistant will then provide users with information pulled from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in an effort to provide sound advice on what to do. Amazon's line of Alexa-enabled devices like the Echo (pictured) can now provide users guidance on what to do if they think they may have novel coronavirus As a part of the update, users can now also ask Alexa to'sing along' while they wash their hands to help them time the task for 20 seconds - the recommended amount of time for proper sanitation. That feature is currently available in Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, India, the UK, and the US and mirrors a similar feature rolled out by Google on its home assistants.


Apple's voice assistant Siri can now respond to users who are worried they may have coronavirus

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Even Apple's voice assistant, Siri, is being forced to adapt to an ongoing health crisis. As reported by CNBC, Siri is now capable of responding to users who ask the assistant about whether they have novel coronavirus, COVID-19. Queries like, 'Hey Siri, do I have the coronavirus?' will now elicit a questionnaire asking users if they have a fever or a cough and will recommend those that are experiencing potentially fatal symptoms to call 911. CNBC reports that if the symptoms appear to be more mild, Siri will instruct users to stay home and avoid contact with others instead. It may also redirect some users to the App Store where they can download apps that let them consult with a doctor digitally.


Wondering if you have coronavirus symptoms? Ask Siri and the iPhone assistant can help

USATODAY - Tech Top Stories

Now your iPhone or other Apple device can help you determine if you have symptoms associated with the coronavirus. You can simply ask Siri about symptoms of the coronavirus – "Siri, what are the symptoms of the coronavirus?" The assistant will ask you whether you certain symptoms such as fever, dry cough or trouble breathing and if you have been in contact with someone who might have contracted the virus. Even if Siri assesses that you are at lower risk, the assistant will offer some advice on hand washing and social distancing. Answers come from the U.S. Public Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


A 20-Year Community Roadmap for Artificial Intelligence Research in the US

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Decades of research in artificial intelligence (AI) have produced formidable technologies that are providing immense benefit to industry, government, and society. AI systems can now translate across multiple languages, identify objects in images and video, streamline manufacturing processes, and control cars. The deployment of AI systems has not only created a trillion-dollar industry that is projected to quadruple in three years, but has also exposed the need to make AI systems fair, explainable, trustworthy, and secure. Future AI systems will rightfully be expected to reason effectively about the world in which they (and people) operate, handling complex tasks and responsibilities effectively and ethically, engaging in meaningful communication, and improving their awareness through experience. Achieving the full potential of AI technologies poses research challenges that require a radical transformation of the AI research enterprise, facilitated by significant and sustained investment. These are the major recommendations of a recent community effort coordinated by the Computing Community Consortium and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence to formulate a Roadmap for AI research and development over the next two decades.