Collaborating Authors


Eye-focused Detection of Bell's Palsy in Videos Artificial Intelligence

In this paper, we present how Bell's Palsy, a neurological disorder, can be detected just from a subject's eyes in a video. We notice that Bell's Palsy patients often struggle to blink their eyes on the affected side. As a result, we can observe a clear contrast between the blinking patterns of the two eyes. Although previous works did utilize images/videos to detect this disorder, none have explicitly focused on the eyes. Most of them require the entire face. One obvious advantage of having an eye-focused detection system is that subjects' anonymity is not at risk. Also, our AI decisions based on simple blinking patterns make them explainable and straightforward. Specifically, we develop a novel feature called blink similarity, which measures the similarity between the two blinking patterns. Our extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed feature is quite robust, for it helps in Bell's Palsy detection even with very few labels. Our proposed eye-focused detection system is not only cheaper but also more convenient than several existing methods.

How technology is transforming the digital lending landscape for consumers


Across the world, every business sector has found its route to accelerated transformation due to the outbreak of COVID-19 and rapid technological adoption, and the financial sector is not an exception. Technological advances combined with customer expectations are altering the way lenders operate. Furthermore, the increasing internet penetration and adoption of smartphone devices are pulling traditional and new-age borrowers towards digital lending solutions. According to a survey – around 40 per cent of borrowers led by millennials are willing to move to online mode in securing loans rather than offline channels. The accelerated push towards the adoption of digital tools makes technology the key enabler of the digital lending market. Contrary to the conventional lending market, digital lending combats major challenges of the market that served as the bottleneck of growth for many enterprises and individuals in India.

Artificial Intelligence: It's A Fine Balancing Act Between Opportunities And Pitfalls


Artificial intelligence is also hailed as a tool to promote fairness but as AI finds greater use in industry, social spheres and daily life, it is facing scrutiny over biases that can creep into algorithms that power it. The tech industry believes that artificial intelligence (AI) offers enormous opportunities to benefit humanity but the key is ethical deployment. There is a possibility that human biases influence algorithms and result in discriminatory outcomes. We need to ensure that AI algorithms do not reflect and propagate bias, causing unintended harm. While technologists are optimistic about AI, results of machine learning (ML) models can be affected by data that amplifies biases found in the real world like race or gender.

India needs big data of its own to detect heart diseases in advance


Mohanan told IANS. Integrating Artificial Intelligence (AL) and Machine Learning (ML) to detect heart ailments well in advance was one of the key …

Top 100 Artificial Intelligence Startups to Lookout for in 2021


Sooner or later, the concept of digitization will completely take over all repetitive tasks. Today, with the help of big data, advanced technologies like automation, artificial intelligence, IoT, and machine learning are leveraging unimaginable amounts and types of information to work from. It is streamlining tedious, repetitive, and difficult tasks, which tend to slow down production and also increases the cost of operation. Owing to the evolution of technology, artificial intelligence startups are mushrooming like never before. The companies are driving the world into a new phase of digitization with a mixture of disruptive statistical methods, computational intelligence, soft computing, and traditional symbolic AI. Artificial intelligence is the combination of two amazing concepts namely science and engineering. With the infusion of disruptive trends and human intelligence, intelligent machines and intelligent computing programs are emerging. Slowly, the flare of innovations moved away from IT and entered into diverse industries including healthcare, education, finance, marketing, business, telecommunication, etc. Organizations realized that by digitizing repetitive tasks, an enterprise can cut the cost of paperwork and labor which further eliminates human error, thus boosting efficiency. Automating processes involve employing artificial intelligence solutions that can support digitization and deliver data-driven insights. Artificial intelligence startups emerge as a ready-made solution provider that supports every company's individual needs. AI startups in 2021 use big data to sophisticated AI models and leverage new solutions that could better serve customers. Analytics Insight has listed the top 100 artificial intelligence startups that are driving the next-generation development in technology. It democratizes the way investments are done by bringing sophisticated elite trading technology to laymen. Accrad is a health tech company that assists radiologists to reduce their workload with the precision of artificial intelligence. Radiologists work under different circumstances and deadlines and might find diagnosis through x-rays a bit difficult. Therefore, Accrad has come up with a futuristic solution to help with accurate and fast image diagnosis. The company has made x-ray processing more convincing and simpler. Its signature product CheXRad, a deep learning algorithm that identifies locations in the chest radiograph has the capability to predict 15 different diseases including Covid-19. is a data-driven influencer marketing platform where customers can find relevant and authentic influencers and manage marketing operations. By using cutting-edge computer vision algorithms on social media posts, the company delivers actionable insights about micro-influencers and their audience. Similar to how Google has sophisticated its search and promote relative ads to users, has also built one-click marketing at a shorter scale.

A Review on Explainability in Multimodal Deep Neural Nets Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence techniques powered by deep neural nets have achieved much success in several application domains, most significantly and notably in the Computer Vision applications and Natural Language Processing tasks. Surpassing human-level performance propelled the research in the applications where different modalities amongst language, vision, sensory, text play an important role in accurate predictions and identification. Several multimodal fusion methods employing deep learning models are proposed in the literature. Despite their outstanding performance, the complex, opaque and black-box nature of the deep neural nets limits their social acceptance and usability. This has given rise to the quest for model interpretability and explainability, more so in the complex tasks involving multimodal AI methods. This paper extensively reviews the present literature to present a comprehensive survey and commentary on the explainability in multimodal deep neural nets, especially for the vision and language tasks. Several topics on multimodal AI and its applications for generic domains have been covered in this paper, including the significance, datasets, fundamental building blocks of the methods and techniques, challenges, applications, and future trends in this domain

Explainable Link Prediction for Privacy-Preserving Contact Tracing Artificial Intelligence

Contact Tracing has been used to identify people who were in close proximity to those infected with SARS-Cov2 coronavirus. A number of digital contract tracing applications have been introduced to facilitate or complement physical contact tracing. However, there are a number of privacy issues in the implementation of contract tracing applications, which make people reluctant to install or update their infection status on these applications. In this concept paper, we present ideas from Graph Neural Networks and explainability, that could improve trust in these applications, and encourage adoption by people.

Praxis Launches Its Full-Time Data Engineering Program


While COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on people, function and process in innumerable ways, it has brought about an acceleration in the adoption of digital transformation across business and social sectors. The industry needs to rapidly ramp up on skills required to manage this rapid digitalisation. One of these critical skills is Data Engineering – in fact the DICE report of 2020 has labelled Data Engineering (DE) as the fastest-growing tech job with a 45% year-on-year growth. The pioneers of formal Business Analytics/ Data Science education in India, Praxis Business School, are launching a 9-month full-time post-graduate program in Data Engineering to address the business need for people with these skills. This course by Praxis is supported by industry giants Genpact and LatentView, who are providing industry inputs and know-how to strengthen the program.

#TechFightsCOVID: 10 AI use cases to help retail enterprises amid COVID-19 - NASSCOM Community


COVID-19 has had an unparalleled impact on the economy with a slowdown expected in most sectors including retail. In the short to mid-term, COVID-19 and subsequent nation-wide lockdown has further worsened the challenges faced by Indian retailers. With broken supply chains, it has led to a disconnected demand and supply making it difficult for retailers to cater to customer needs. It has also forced customers to rethink their purchase requirements and has led to a shift to contactless mode of deliveries, which is bound to become the new normal going forward. Establishing the right balance between demand and supply becomes key for retailers The Holy Grail for retailers is not only to identify the target customers and their real-time needs but also to proactively procure the right products to cater to the identified demand. This is even more critical amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, when due to broken supply chains there has been a massive demand supply mismatch. Digital enterprises that are utilising the data generated across the retail value chain and customer touchpoints to deploy AI-powered solutions have a significant edge over others. Here are my top 10 picks for AI use cases that can be a good starting point for retail enterprises (specifically amid the pandemic) in their journey towards becoming an intelligent enterprise. These use cases will definitely help retail enterprises survive the crisis and thrive in the long term. Customer Segmentation – Use of AI for creation of customer segments and personas based on real time transaction, demographic and behavioural data, enabling retailers with dynamic pricing for its products, predicting customer behaviour to target and personalise communication, and create cross-sell models. Demand forecasting – Using machine learning and leveraging contextual data to build models enabling retailers to optimise product availability, and gaining a better understanding of sales patterns and anomalies. Store Assortment Optimisation – Customers are restricting their store time with the fear of COVID-19 and that makes getting the right product assortment critical. AI helps store-level customisation of assortments based on store data (returns, purchases, and receipts data). This can also be done for online stores to help increase customer retention. Hyper Targeted Campaigns – It is critical for retailers to identify the right time to push a particular product to ensure maximum sales. AI-powered systems are helpful in suggesting the product and time slot in which it needs marketing. Personalised Marketing – For successful hyper-targeted campaigns it is also important for retailers to ensure the right marketing channel and the right message. Based on a customer’s past behaviour, AI-powered system picks the right way (channel, messaging, and discounts) of communication and sends personalised messages. Fraud Detection – The risk of potential frauds also increases amid these trying times, with a huge volume of online orders. AI-based system can predict potential frauds based on customer profiles and past purchase/returns data. On Time Delivery – With majority of customers opting for home delivery of products, it becomes critical for retailers to ensure on-time delivery. Predictive analytics and AI algorithms can help determine the most cost-effective and energy-efficient route to the destinations. Omni-Channel Customer Service – With restricted access to physical stores, consumers are opting for Omni-channel services. By connecting experiences across channels, building customer knowledge through data and creating discussions within user communities, AI platforms help brands acquire, retain and grow relationships with their customers. Customer Service Chat bot – The need for contactless deliveries has forced many consumers to opt for online purchases. The high volumes also result in larger volumes of queries and concerns. AI-powered chat bot can understand customer’s queries and respond. It can understand a customer’s emotion and can prioritise and alert human customer service agents to intervene. Visual Workforce Monitoring – AI system to detect safety compliance of the workers. This is specifically important in the current COVID-19 times when hygiene factors are critical. If the system detects any violation of safety norms, it can alert and share images for review. NASSCOM Research, NASSCOM CoE – DS&AI along with EY released a report titled “Indian Retail: AI Imperative to Data-Led Growth” focusing on AI opportunities in India’s retail sector. The report provides a unique periodic table of 100+ AI use cases across the retail value chain. The use cases identified in this article are also a part of the report. The report also highlights best practices across retail enterprises that have implemented these use cases. Download the report now:

Data Science, AI/ML, IoT and Analytics Trends During the COVID-19 Recession


The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak is having a growing impact on the global economy. So, how is the impact of COVID-19 going to be on the tech job market and what are the latest trends for data science, AI/ML, analytics, IoT, cloud computing? What are the key in-demand tech job profiles and domains during and after the COVID-19 phase? There have been more than 12,750 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in India so far. Between April 6 – 12, 46% and 39% of new confirmed cases have been reported in Europe and the USA respectively.