It is estimated that each year many people, most of whom are teenagers and young adults die by suicide worldwide. Suicide receives special attention with many countries developing national strategies for prevention. It is found that, social media is one of the most powerful tool from where we can analyze the text and estimate the chances of suicidal thoughts. Using nlp we can analyze twitter and reddit texts monitor the actions of that person. The most difficult part to prevent suicide is to detect and understand the complex risk factors and warning signs that may lead to suicide.
The electrical activity in the human heart can be measured as a sequence of amplitudes away from a baseline signal. The segmentation of these regions of ECG waveforms can provide the basis for measurements useful for assessing the overall health of the human heart and the presence of abnormalities . Manually annotating each region of the ECG signal can be a tedious and time-consuming task. Signal processing and deep learning methods potentially can help streamline and automate region-of-interest annotation. This example uses ECG signals from the publicly available QT Database  .
Background: Artificial intelligence (AI) now plays a critical role in almost every area of our daily lives and academic disciplines due to the growth of computing power, advances in methods and techniques, and the explosion of the amount of data; medicine is not an exception. Rather than replacing clinicians, AI is augmenting the intelligence of clinicians in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment decisions. Summary: Kidney disease is a substantial medical and public health burden globally, with both acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease bringing about high morbidity and mortality as well as a huge economic burden. Even though the existing research and applied works have made certain contributions to more accurate prediction and better understanding of histologic pathology, there is a lot more work to be done and problems to solve. Key Messages: AI applications of diagnostics and prognostics for high-prevalence and high-morbidity types of nephropathy in medical-resource-inadequate areas need special attention; high-volume and high-quality data need to be collected and prepared; a consensus on ethics and safety in the use of AI technologies needs to be built. Artificial intelligence (AI) now plays a critical role in almost every area of our daily lives and academic disciplines; medicine is not an exception.
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Previous studies in medical imaging have shown disparate abilities of artificial intelligence (AI) to detect a person's race, yet there is no known correlation for race on medical imaging that would be obvious to human experts when interpreting the images. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the ability of AI to recognise a patient's racial identity from medical images. Using private (Emory CXR, Emory Chest CT, Emory Cervical Spine, and Emory Mammogram) and public (MIMIC-CXR, CheXpert, National Lung Cancer Screening Trial, RSNA Pulmonary Embolism CT, and Digital Hand Atlas) datasets, we evaluated, first, performance quantification of deep learning models in detecting race from medical images, including the ability of these models to generalise to external environments and across multiple imaging modalities. Second, we assessed possible confounding of anatomic and phenotypic population features by assessing the ability of these hypothesised confounders to detect race in isolation using regression models, and by re-evaluating the deep learning models by testing them on datasets stratified by these hypothesised confounding variables. Last, by exploring the effect of image corruptions on model performance, we investigated the underlying mechanism by which AI models can recognise race.
Machines don't always understand what we want from them. Can new language models teach them to read between the lines? If artificial intelligence is intended to resemble a brain, with networks of artificial neurons substituting for real cells, then what would happen if you compared the activities in deep learning algorithms to those in a human brain? Last week, researchers from Meta AI announced that they would be partnering with neuroimaging center Neurospin (CEA) and INRIA to try to do just that. Through this collaboration, they're planning to analyze human brain activity and deep learning algorithms trained on language or speech tasks in response to the same written or spoken texts.
AI for Cancer Treatment: Cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases in the whole world. Every day people are looking for ways to cure cancer. AI and its various applications are reshaping the way scientists and researchers approach cancer treatment. Tumors are very complex diseases. It is very difficult to study the behavior of a tumor hence the treatment is much difficult.
Deep learning (DL), also known as deep structured learning or hierarchical learning, is a subset of machine learning. It is loosely based on the way neurons connect to each other to process information in animal brains. To mimic these connections, DL uses a layered algorithmic architecture known as artificial neural networks (ANNs) to analyze the data. By analyzing how data is filtered through the layers of the ANN and how the layers interact with each other, a DL algorithm can'learn' to make correlations and connections in the data. These capabilities make DL algorithms an innovative tool with the potential to transform healthcare.
Diseases like breast and skin cancer can be detected with close to 100% accuracy with the help of deep learning. In simple terms, artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a digital computer (or computer-controlled robot) to perform certain tasks with intelligence. AI tends to mimic human intelligence in that it relies on the ability to reason, learn from experience, and make decisions. Learning, reasoning, and problem-solving are the building blocks of artificial and human intelligence. Artificial intelligence has branches or categories such as machine learning and deep learning, which both involve the imitation of human intelligence.
If artificial intelligence is intended to resemble a brain, with networks of artificial neurons substituting for real cells, then what would happen if you compared the activities in deep learning algorithms to those in a human brain? Last week, researchers from Meta AI announced that they would be partnering with neuroimaging center Neurospin (CEA) and INRIA to try to do just that. Through this collaboration, they're planning to analyze human brain activity and deep learning algorithms trained on language or speech tasks in response to the same written or spoken texts. In theory, it could decode both how human brains--and artificial brains--find meaning in language. By comparing scans of human brains while a person is actively reading, speaking, or listening with deep learning algorithms given the same set of words and sentences to decipher, researchers hope to find similarities as well as key structural and behavioral differences between brain biology and artificial networks.