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Europe Government

Artificial Intelligence sleep app may mean an end to sleeping pills for insomniacs


A new artificial intelligence sleep app has been developed that might be able to replace sleeping pills for insomnia sufferers. Sleepio uses an AI algorithm to provide individuals with tailored cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said it would save the NHS money as well as reduce prescriptions of medicines such as zolpidem and zopiclone, which can be dependency forming. Its economic analysis found healthcare costs were lower after one year of using Sleepio, mostly because of fewer GP appointments and sleeping pills prescribed. The app provides a digital six-week self-help programme involving a sleep test, weekly interactive CBT-I sessions and keeping a diary about sleeping patterns.

EU border advisory group pitches biometric watchlist data sharing arrangement


Changes are coming to the borders of the European Union and Canada, with the former recommended to adopt an integrated system of nation-level biometric databases for watchlist checks and the latter's government working slowly towards taking the task of air traveler screening on from airlines. The EU's Future Group on Travel Intelligence, established by Europol and Frontex in 2019, has produced its final report on'Travel Intelligence and Border Management,' which advises the establishment of a more integrated border control ecosystem in the EU, introducing pre-arrival traveler screening and risk assessments, which may be carried out with artificial intelligence. The 83-page report, spotted by Statewatch, describes the establishment of an'EU Border and Travel Continuum' consisting of 10 steps. A European System for Traveller Screening (ESTS) would be established, possibly using AI and machine learning algorithms. The report acknowledges the "critical operational, cultural, technological, legal (e.g.

President Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson of Iceland visits MIT


Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson, the president of Iceland, visited MIT on Friday, engaging in talks with several campus leaders and professors, and touring the Media Lab. Jóhannesson visited the Institute along with a substantial delegation of officials and scholars from Iceland. They met with MIT scholars, who delivered a variety of presentations on research, design, and entrepreneurship; the Iceland delegation also had a particular interest in the inclusion of the Icelandic language in artificial intelligence-driven tools that automatically recognize, translate, and deploy speech and texts. "We are determined to make sure that Icelandic has a place in the digital age," Jóhannesson said. "AI plays a key role there."

UK watchdog fines facial recognition firm £7.5m over image collection

The Guardian

The UK's data watchdog has fined a facial recognition company £7.5m for collecting images of people from social media platforms and the web to add to a global database. The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) also ordered US-based Clearview AI to delete the data of UK residents from its systems. Clearview AI has collected more than 20bn images of people's faces from Facebook, other social media companies and from scouring the web. John Edwards, the UK information commissioner, said Clearview's business model was unacceptable. "Clearview AI Inc has collected multiple images of people all over the world, including in the UK, from a variety of websites and social media platforms, creating a database with more than 20bn images," he said. "The company not only enables identification of those people, but effectively monitors their behaviour and offers it as a commercial service.

UK unveils £40m innovation fund for self-driving buses and vans


You could soon see self-driving buses and delivery vans on UK roads as the government launches a £40m ($50m) competition to bring this technology to the market. The funding to kick-start commercial self-driving services, such as delivery vehicles and passenger shuttles, will help bring together companies and investors so that sustainable business models to be rolled out nationally and exported globally. The Commercialising Connected and Automated Mobility competition will provide grants to help roll out commercial use self-driving vehicles across the UK from 2025. Types of self-driving vehicles that could be deployed include delivery vans, passenger buses, shuttles and pods, as well as vehicles that move people and luggage at airports and containers at shipping ports. The competition aims to unlock a new industry that could be worth £42bn to the UK economy by 2035, potentially creating 38,000 new skilled jobs.

Welsh universities change lives with artificial intelligence and data science – FE News


Welsh Government investment in universities collaborating in data science and artificial intelligence is changing lives and helping Wales become …

Google sued for using the NHS data of 1.6 million Britons 'without their knowledge or consent'


Google is being sued over its use of confidential medical records belonging to 1.6 million individuals in the UK. The company's artificial intelligence arm, DeepMind, received the data in 2015 from the Royal Free NHS Trust in London for the purpose of testing a smartphone app called Streams. The claim is being brought by Andrew Prismall in a representative action in the High Court. It alleges that Google and DeepMind "obtained and used a substantial number of confidential medical records without patients' knowledge or consent". Why did Google get access to patient records?

Artificial Intelligence in France


In the second of a series of blogs from our global offices, we provide a overview of key trends in artificial intelligence in France. What is France's strategy for Artificial Intelligence? The French president, Emmanuel Macron, announced in March 2018 his ambition for France to become a global leader of the artificial intelligence (AI) ecosystem. The first phase of the National Programme included an initial investment of €1.5 billion into the creation of a network of interdisciplinary institutes dedicated to artificial intelligence (the "3IA" institutes) and the financing of multiple AI projects overseen by Bpifrance. The second phase will provide for €2 billion of private and public funding to attract and train new talent.

European Commission extends deadline for digital identity framework proposals


The European Commission has pushed back the deadline for the second wave of Digital Europe Programme proposals that includes the European Digital Identity Wallet under the European Digital Identity framework. The second wave of proposals covers €58 million (approximately US$61 million) in funding to support the implementation of the European Digital Identity Framework and the implementation of the Once Only System under the Single Digital Gateway Regulation, along with the deployment of services for European blockchain services infrastructure, blockchain standardization, and artificial intelligence (AI)-based pilots to aid law enforcement. Originally scheduled to end on May 17, 2022, the new deadline is August 17, 2022. The European Digital Identity Framework portion looks to attain the European Digital Identity's objective of improving citizen access to secure electronic identity and trust services with digital signatures and sharing personal identity data. The Commission looks to develop and test out tools supporting the development, implementation, and support of the EU-eID ecosystem with decentralized technologies and a self-sovereign identity framework under the one-only principle and the sharing of data between public administrations in the EU under the control of the user.

A quick guide to the most important AI law you've never heard of


But the world of EU legislation can be complicated and opaque. Here's a quick guide to everything you need to know about the EU's AI Act. The bill is currently being amended by members of the European Parliament and EU countries. The AI Act is hugely ambitious. It would require extra checks for "high risk" uses of AI that have the most potential to harm people.