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Mastering Machine Learning Algorithms: A Project Tutor

#artificialintelligence

Suchitra is a professor by profession and learner by passion. She hold a PhD degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering with core competency in computer vision, pattern recognition, Artificial Intelligence,machine learning and deep learning. She is passionate about data science, Artificial Intelligence, natural language processing and firmly believes that future is Artificial Intelligence.


Conversational Agents: Theory and Applications

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In this chapter, we provide a review of conversational agents (CAs), discussing chatbots, intended for casual conversation with a user, as well as task-oriented agents that generally engage in discussions intended to reach one or several specific goals, often (but not always) within a specific domain. We also consider the concept of embodied conversational agents, briefly reviewing aspects such as character animation and speech processing. The many different approaches for representing dialogue in CAs are discussed in some detail, along with methods for evaluating such agents, emphasizing the important topics of accountability and interpretability. A brief historical overview is given, followed by an extensive overview of various applications, especially in the fields of health and education. We end the chapter by discussing benefits and potential risks regarding the societal impact of current and future CA technology.


CLUE: Contextualised Unified Explainable Learning of User Engagement in Video Lectures

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Predicting contextualised engagement in videos is a long-standing problem that has been popularly attempted by exploiting the number of views or the associated likes using different computational methods. The recent decade has seen a boom in online learning resources, and during the pandemic, there has been an exponential rise of online teaching videos without much quality control. The quality of the content could be improved if the creators could get constructive feedback on their content. Employing an army of domain expert volunteers to provide feedback on the videos might not scale. As a result, there has been a steep rise in developing computational methods to predict a user engagement score that is indicative of some form of possible user engagement, i.e., to what level a user would tend to engage with the content. A drawback in current methods is that they model various features separately, in a cascaded approach, that is prone to error propagation. Besides, most of them do not provide crucial explanations on how the creator could improve their content. In this paper, we have proposed a new unified model, CLUE for the educational domain, which learns from the features extracted from freely available public online teaching videos and provides explainable feedback on the video along with a user engagement score. Given the complexity of the task, our unified framework employs different pre-trained models working together as an ensemble of classifiers. Our model exploits various multi-modal features to model the complexity of language, context agnostic information, textual emotion of the delivered content, animation, speaker's pitch and speech emotions. Under a transfer learning setup, the overall model, in the unified space, is fine-tuned for downstream applications.


Create a Superhero Name Generator with TensorFlow

#artificialintelligence

In this guided project, we are going to create a neural network and train it on a small dataset of superhero names to learn to generate similar names. The dataset has over 9000 names of superheroes, supervillains and other fictional characters from a number of different comic books, TV shows and movies. Text generation is a common natural language processing task. We will create a character level language model that will predict the next character for a given input sequence. In order to get a new predicted superhero name, we will need to give our model a seed input - this can be a single character or a sequence of characters, and the model will then generate the next character that it predicts should after the input sequence.


Challenges of Artificial Intelligence -- From Machine Learning and Computer Vision to Emotional Intelligence

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a part of everyday conversation and our lives. It is considered as the new electricity that is revolutionizing the world. AI is heavily invested in both industry and academy. However, there is also a lot of hype in the current AI debate. AI based on so-called deep learning has achieved impressive results in many problems, but its limits are already visible. AI has been under research since the 1940s, and the industry has seen many ups and downs due to over-expectations and related disappointments that have followed. The purpose of this book is to give a realistic picture of AI, its history, its potential and limitations. We believe that AI is a helper, not a ruler of humans. We begin by describing what AI is and how it has evolved over the decades. After fundamentals, we explain the importance of massive data for the current mainstream of artificial intelligence. The most common representations for AI, methods, and machine learning are covered. In addition, the main application areas are introduced. Computer vision has been central to the development of AI. The book provides a general introduction to computer vision, and includes an exposure to the results and applications of our own research. Emotions are central to human intelligence, but little use has been made in AI. We present the basics of emotional intelligence and our own research on the topic. We discuss super-intelligence that transcends human understanding, explaining why such achievement seems impossible on the basis of present knowledge,and how AI could be improved. Finally, a summary is made of the current state of AI and what to do in the future. In the appendix, we look at the development of AI education, especially from the perspective of contents at our own university.


Programming Knowledge Tracing: A Comprehensive Dataset and A New Model

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In this paper, we study knowledge tracing in the domain of programming education and make two important contributions. First, we harvest and publish so far the most comprehensive dataset, namely BePKT, which covers various online behaviors in an OJ system, including programming text problems, knowledge annotations, user-submitted code and system-logged events. Second, we propose a new model PDKT to exploit the enriched context for accurate student behavior prediction. More specifically, we construct a bipartite graph for programming problem embedding, and design an improved pre-training model PLCodeBERT for code embedding, as well as a double-sequence RNN model with exponential decay attention for effective feature fusion. Experimental results on the new dataset BePKT show that our proposed model establishes state-of-the-art performance in programming knowledge tracing. In addition, we verify that our code embedding strategy based on PLCodeBERT is complementary to existing knowledge tracing models to further enhance their accuracy. As a side product, PLCodeBERT also results in better performance in other programming-related tasks such as code clone detection.


An AI-based Solution for Enhancing Delivery of Digital Learning for Future Teachers

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

However, up until the COVID-19 pandemic caused a seismic shift in the education sector, few educational institutions had fully developed digital learning models in place and adoption of digital models was ad-hoc or only partially integrated alongside traditional teaching modes [1]. In the wake of the disruptive impact of the pandemic, the education sector and more importantly educators have had to move rapidly to take up digital solutions to continue delivering learning. At the most rudimentary level, this has meant moving to online teaching through platforms such as Zoom, Google, Teams and Interactive Whiteboards and delivering pre-recorded educational materials via Learning Management Systems (e.g., Echo). Digital learning is now simply part of the education landscape both in the traditional education sector as well as within the context of corporate and workplace learning. A key challenge future teachers face when delivering educational content via digital learning is to be able to assess what the learner knows and understands, the depths of that knowledge and understanding and any gaps in that learning. Assessment also occurs in the context of the cohort and relevant band or level of learning. The Teachers Guide to Assessment produced by the Australian Capital Territory Government [2] identified that teachers and learning designers were particularly challenged by the assessment process, and that new technologies have the potential to transform existing digital teaching and learning practices through refined information gathering and the ability to enhance the nature of learner feedback. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is part of the next generation of digital learning, enabling educators to create learning content, stream content to suit individual learner needs and access and in turn respond to data based on learner performance and feedback [3]. AI has the capacity to provide significant benefits to teachers to deliver nuanced and personalised experiences to learners.


Top 5 Courses to Learn Natural Language Processing (NLP) for Beginners in 2021 - Best of Lot

#artificialintelligence

Hello guys, if you want to learn Natural Langauge Processing (NLP) and looking for the best online training courses then you have come to the right place. Earlier, I have shared the best courses to learn Data Science, Machine Learning, Tableau, and Power BI for Data visualization and In this article, I'll share the best online courses you can take online to learn Natural Langauge Processing or NLP. These are the best online courses from Udemy, Coursera, and Pluralsight, three of the most popular online learning platforms. They are created by experts and trusted by thousands of developers around the world and you can join them online to learn this in-demand skill from your home. Natural language processing is a science related to Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science that uses data to learn how to communicate like a human being and answer questions, translate texts, spell check, spam filtering, autocomplete, chatbots that you can interact with such as Siri and Alexa, and more applications.


Natural Language Processing: NLP In Python with Projects

#artificialintelligence

We have covered each and every topic in detail and also learned to apply them to real-world problems. There are lots and lots of exercises for you to practice and also 2 bonus NLP Projects "Sentiment analyzer" and "Drugs Prescription using Reviews". In this Sentiment analyzer project, you will learn how to Extract and Scrap Data from Social Media Websites and Extract out Beneficial Information from these Data for Driving Huge Business Insights. In this Drugs Prescription using Reviews project, you will learn how to Deal with Data having Textual Features, you will also learn NLP Techniques to transform and Process the Data to find out Important Insights. You will make use of all the topics read in this course. You will also have access to all the resources used in this course. Enroll now and become a master in machine learning.


Iterative Network Pruning with Uncertainty Regularization for Lifelong Sentiment Classification

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Lifelong learning capabilities are crucial for sentiment classifiers to process continuous streams of opinioned information on the Web. However, performing lifelong learning is non-trivial for deep neural networks as continually training of incrementally available information inevitably results in catastrophic forgetting or interference. In this paper, we propose a novel iterative network pruning with uncertainty regularization method for lifelong sentiment classification (IPRLS), which leverages the principles of network pruning and weight regularization. By performing network pruning with uncertainty regularization in an iterative manner, IPRLS can adapta single BERT model to work with continuously arriving data from multiple domains while avoiding catastrophic forgetting and interference. Specifically, we leverage an iterative pruning method to remove redundant parameters in large deep networks so that the freed-up space can then be employed to learn new tasks, tackling the catastrophic forgetting problem. Instead of keeping the old-tasks fixed when learning new tasks, we also use an uncertainty regularization based on the Bayesian online learning framework to constrain the update of old tasks weights in BERT, which enables positive backward transfer, i.e. learning new tasks improves performance on past tasks while protecting old knowledge from being lost. In addition, we propose a task-specific low-dimensional residual function in parallel to each layer of BERT, which makes IPRLS less prone to losing the knowledge saved in the base BERT network when learning a new task. Extensive experiments on 16 popular review corpora demonstrate that the proposed IPRLS method sig-nificantly outperforms the strong baselines for lifelong sentiment classification. For reproducibility, we submit the code and data at:https://github.com/siat-nlp/IPRLS.