Computer scientists from Lancaster University have developed new AI technology that takes autonomous cars a step closer to our roads. Funded by global car manufacturer Ford, the three-year research project provides a step-change in AI car technology by enabling autonomous cars to recognise new and unexpected situations. Around the world, many different automotive brands, computing companies, and research teams, are developing autonomous car technologies and many of these are using a machine learning technique called'Deep Learning'. Deep Learning works by recognising patterns after the computer system has been shown a large number of different training examples. However, a fundamental drawback with Deep Learning algorithms is that they are unable to recognise scenarios that differ significantly from training examples and, unlike humans, they are incapable of exploring, improving and improvising.