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Online Metric Learning for Multi-Label Classification

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Existing research into online multi-label classification, such as online sequential multi-label extreme learning machine (OSML-ELM) and stochastic gradient descent (SGD), has achieved promising performance. However, these works do not take label dependencies into consideration and lack a theoretical analysis of loss functions. Accordingly, we propose a novel online metric learning paradigm for multi-label classification to fill the current research gap. Generally, we first propose a new metric for multi-label classification which is based on $k$-Nearest Neighbour ($k$NN) and combined with large margin principle. Then, we adapt it to the online settting to derive our model which deals with massive volume ofstreaming data at a higher speed online. Specifically, in order to learn the new $k$NN-based metric, we first project instances in the training dataset into the label space, which make it possible for the comparisons of instances and labels in the same dimension. After that, we project both of them into a new lower dimension space simultaneously, which enables us to extract the structure of dependencies between instances and labels. Finally, we leverage the large margin and $k$NN principle to learn the metric with an efficient optimization algorithm. Moreover, we provide theoretical analysis on the upper bound of the cumulative loss for our method. Comprehensive experiments on a number of benchmark multi-label datasets validate our theoretical approach and illustrate that our proposed online metric learning (OML) algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art methods.


Online Meta-Learning

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

A central capability of intelligent systems is the ability to continuously build upon previous experiences to speed up and enhance learning of new tasks. Two distinct research paradigms have studied this question. Meta-learning views this problem as learning a prior over model parameters that is amenable for fast adaptation on a new task, but typically assumes the set of tasks are available together as a batch. In contrast, online (regret based) learning considers a sequential setting in which problems are revealed one after the other, but conventionally train only a single model without any task-specific adaptation. This work introduces an online meta-learning setting, which merges ideas from both the aforementioned paradigms to better capture the spirit and practice of continual lifelong learning. We propose the follow the meta leader algorithm which extends the MAML algorithm to this setting. Theoretically, this work provides an $\mathcal{O}(\log T)$ regret guarantee with only one additional higher order smoothness assumption in comparison to the standard online setting. Our experimental evaluation on three different large-scale tasks suggest that the proposed algorithm significantly outperforms alternatives based on traditional online learning approaches.