Collaborating Authors


Conversational Agents: Theory and Applications Artificial Intelligence

In this chapter, we provide a review of conversational agents (CAs), discussing chatbots, intended for casual conversation with a user, as well as task-oriented agents that generally engage in discussions intended to reach one or several specific goals, often (but not always) within a specific domain. We also consider the concept of embodied conversational agents, briefly reviewing aspects such as character animation and speech processing. The many different approaches for representing dialogue in CAs are discussed in some detail, along with methods for evaluating such agents, emphasizing the important topics of accountability and interpretability. A brief historical overview is given, followed by an extensive overview of various applications, especially in the fields of health and education. We end the chapter by discussing benefits and potential risks regarding the societal impact of current and future CA technology.

Pixel Recursive Super Resolution. Paper @Google Brain. Ryan Dahl, Mohammad Norouzi & Jonathon Shlens


Research ... hoy traemos a este espacio otro paper de Google ... aquí os dejamos el Abstract We present a pixel recursive super resolution model that synthesizes realistic details into images while enhancing their resolution. A low resolution image may correspond to multiple plausible high resolution images, thus modeling the super resolution process with a pixel independent conditional model often results in averaging different details–hence blurry edges. By contrast, our model is able to represent a multimodal conditional distribution by properly modeling the statistical dependencies among the high resolution image pixels, conditioned on a low resolution input. We employ a PixelCNN architecture to define a strong prior over natural images and jointly optimize this prior with a deep conditioning convolutional network. Human evaluations indicate that samples from our proposed model look.(leer

How AI Is Accelerating Business Growth and Innovation


Despite the many ominous connotations trumpeted in works of fiction, the adoption and growth of AI can is simply another phase of the technological advance that has marked the development of human society. Yet, because we associate intelligence with living creatures, particularly our own species, the idea of machines that possess that faculty excites some trepidation. AI agents may turn out to be as unpredictable and perverse as any intelligent human. No such worry is evident in Silicon Valley. Sundar Pichai, Google's chief, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, enthused about the technology: "AI is probably the most important thing humanity has ever worked on. I think of it as something more profound than electricity or fire," he said. Google is a major participant in an AI market that is clipping along at a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.5%. Globally, the industry is projected to swell to $554.3 billion by 2024. Other players of note are IBM, Intuit, Microsoft, OpenText, Palantir, SAS, and Slack.

Empowering Things with Intelligence: A Survey of the Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities in Artificial Intelligence of Things Artificial Intelligence

In the Internet of Things (IoT) era, billions of sensors and devices collect and process data from the environment, transmit them to cloud centers, and receive feedback via the internet for connectivity and perception. However, transmitting massive amounts of heterogeneous data, perceiving complex environments from these data, and then making smart decisions in a timely manner are difficult. Artificial intelligence (AI), especially deep learning, is now a proven success in various areas including computer vision, speech recognition, and natural language processing. AI introduced into the IoT heralds the era of artificial intelligence of things (AIoT). This paper presents a comprehensive survey on AIoT to show how AI can empower the IoT to make it faster, smarter, greener, and safer. Specifically, we briefly present the AIoT architecture in the context of cloud computing, fog computing, and edge computing. Then, we present progress in AI research for IoT from four perspectives: perceiving, learning, reasoning, and behaving. Next, we summarize some promising applications of AIoT that are likely to profoundly reshape our world. Finally, we highlight the challenges facing AIoT and some potential research opportunities.

Bayesian Online Meta-Learning with Laplace Approximation Machine Learning

Neural networks are known to suffer from catastrophic forgetting when trained on sequential datasets. While there have been numerous attempts to solve this problem for large-scale supervised classification, little has been done to overcome catastrophic forgetting for few-shot classification problems. We demonstrate that the popular gradient-based few-shot meta-learning algorithm Model-Agnostic Meta-Learning (MAML) indeed suffers from catastrophic forgetting and introduce a Bayesian online meta-learning framework that tackles this problem. Our framework incorporates MAML into a Bayesian online learning algorithm with Laplace approximation. This framework enables few-shot classification on a range of sequentially arriving datasets with a single meta-learned model. The experimental evaluations demonstrate that our framework can effectively prevent forgetting in various few-shot classification settings compared to applying MAML sequentially.

Coursera Corpus Mining and Multistage Fine-Tuning for Improving Lectures Translation Artificial Intelligence

Lectures translation is a case of spoken language translation and there is a lack of publicly available parallel corpora for this purpose. To address this, we examine a language independent framework for parallel corpus mining which is a quick and effective way to mine a parallel corpus from publicly available lectures at Coursera. Our approach determines sentence alignments, relying on machine translation and cosine similarity over continuous-space sentence representations. We also show how to use the resulting corpora in a multistage fine-tuning based domain adaptation for high-quality lectures translation. For Japanese--English lectures translation, we extracted parallel data of approximately 40,000 lines and created development and test sets through manual filtering for benchmarking translation performance. We demonstrate that the mined corpus greatly enhances the quality of translation when used in conjunction with out-of-domain parallel corpora via multistage training. This paper also suggests some guidelines to gather and clean corpora, mine parallel sentences, address noise in the mined data, and create high-quality evaluation splits. For the sake of reproducibility, we will release our code for parallel data creation.

Can Artificial Intelligence solve the translation challenge in Learning?


Providing learning content in a learner's native language has always been a major challenge for knowledge transfer in global environments. With all technology advancements, the process has remained highly manual – slow, cumbersome, and expensive. Once content is available in a source language, translators are hired – typically through external agencies – who then manually translate into the required language.