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Challenges of Artificial Intelligence -- From Machine Learning and Computer Vision to Emotional Intelligence

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a part of everyday conversation and our lives. It is considered as the new electricity that is revolutionizing the world. AI is heavily invested in both industry and academy. However, there is also a lot of hype in the current AI debate. AI based on so-called deep learning has achieved impressive results in many problems, but its limits are already visible. AI has been under research since the 1940s, and the industry has seen many ups and downs due to over-expectations and related disappointments that have followed. The purpose of this book is to give a realistic picture of AI, its history, its potential and limitations. We believe that AI is a helper, not a ruler of humans. We begin by describing what AI is and how it has evolved over the decades. After fundamentals, we explain the importance of massive data for the current mainstream of artificial intelligence. The most common representations for AI, methods, and machine learning are covered. In addition, the main application areas are introduced. Computer vision has been central to the development of AI. The book provides a general introduction to computer vision, and includes an exposure to the results and applications of our own research. Emotions are central to human intelligence, but little use has been made in AI. We present the basics of emotional intelligence and our own research on the topic. We discuss super-intelligence that transcends human understanding, explaining why such achievement seems impossible on the basis of present knowledge,and how AI could be improved. Finally, a summary is made of the current state of AI and what to do in the future. In the appendix, we look at the development of AI education, especially from the perspective of contents at our own university.


Online Learning of Optimally Diverse Rankings

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Search engines answer users' queries by listing relevant items (e.g. documents, songs, products, web pages, ...). These engines rely on algorithms that learn to rank items so as to present an ordered list maximizing the probability that it contains relevant item. The main challenge in the design of learning-to-rank algorithms stems from the fact that queries often have different meanings for different users. In absence of any contextual information about the query, one often has to adhere to the {\it diversity} principle, i.e., to return a list covering the various possible topics or meanings of the query. To formalize this learning-to-rank problem, we propose a natural model where (i) items are categorized into topics, (ii) users find items relevant only if they match the topic of their query, and (iii) the engine is not aware of the topic of an arriving query, nor of the frequency at which queries related to various topics arrive, nor of the topic-dependent click-through-rates of the items. For this problem, we devise LDR (Learning Diverse Rankings), an algorithm that efficiently learns the optimal list based on users' feedback only. We show that after $T$ queries, the regret of LDR scales as $O((N-L)\log(T))$ where $N$ is the number of all items. We further establish that this scaling cannot be improved, i.e., LDR is order optimal. Finally, using numerical experiments on both artificial and real-world data, we illustrate the superiority of LDR compared to existing learning-to-rank algorithms.


861 candidates complete online training in cyber security, AI & ML

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… 12-week-long “Online Training and Certification Course (OTCC) in Cyber Security, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI & ML)” conducted …


The Role of Social Movements, Coalitions, and Workers in Resisting Harmful Artificial Intelligence and Contributing to the Development of Responsible AI

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

There is mounting public concern over the influence that AI based systems has in our society. Coalitions in all sectors are acting worldwide to resist hamful applications of AI. From indigenous people addressing the lack of reliable data, to smart city stakeholders, to students protesting the academic relationships with sex trafficker and MIT donor Jeffery Epstein, the questionable ethics and values of those heavily investing in and profiting from AI are under global scrutiny. There are biased, wrongful, and disturbing assumptions embedded in AI algorithms that could get locked in without intervention. Our best human judgment is needed to contain AI's harmful impact. Perhaps one of the greatest contributions of AI will be to make us ultimately understand how important human wisdom truly is in life on earth.


How to make money online: 51+ real ways to make money online in 2020

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Wondering how to make money online in 2020? Making money online is easier than ever – whether you're a student who wants to make a little side money every month, a blogger who wants to monetize their blog, or a would-be entrepreneur who wants to build a business online. Whatever your goal is, the possibilities are there: you just need to figure out what you can do and figure out the best plan to help you reach your goals – which is what I want to help you do with this guide. There are a lot of ways to make a little extra cash online, like completing surveys for a couple of $ (literally, a couple!) but my focus here is on strategies that can help you make real money. Viable options that will help you make either a few hundred dollars a month or even thousands, depending on what your goals are and how much work you're willing to put in. Because at the end of the day, it's up to you how much you want to make and how much time and effort you can invest in this project, depending on your workload and your objectives. And all you really need to get started is motivation, an Internet connection and (literally!) a few dollars. In this epic guide of over 21,000 words, you'll find 51 ways to make money online – there's something here for every skill and every knowledge level – start reading or just jump directly to the money-making strategies you're most interested in, by clicking on the links below: Join my free 15k-word email course on how to make money online and earn up to $10k in 90 days from the comfort of your sofa (or bed!) Disclaimer: Some of the links included in this guide are affiliate links on the basis of which I can earn a commission, at no additional cost to you. Please know that any software tools or services I recommend in this article are all tried and tested by me – I would never recommend something that I don't know for a fact, works. I'm going to get this right out of the way from the start: Get rich quick schemes are just what their names says – schemes. They sound good in theory (sometimes!) but the truth is, the only people that will get rich from them are those who are behind them. Achieving true success – both online and in real life – is a difficult and time-consuming process and there are very few exceptions to this rule. Even those who appear to have become rich overnight, if you look deeper, you'll see that there are months and even years of work behind their success, and oftentimes, even failure. As for starting to make money immediately? There are numerous ways to monetize your skills and knowledge and start making money online within a few days or weeks.


Jobs in AI: What They Involve and How to Nab One Udacity

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These days you'll be hard-pressed to find someone who hasn't interrogated Siri (or Alexa), enjoyed the movie Netflix suggested, or fallen victim to purchasing that additional item Amazon recommended--all of which are only possible due to artificial intelligence. AI has been a field of study as far back as the 1950s, but advances have skyrocketed in recent years. These days AI is everywhere and has increasingly become part of all of our everyday lives. Thanks to AI, once tedious tasks are now simple, single-click activities. And as technology becomes even more pervasive, it will only continue to impact our personal and professional lives.


Top 5 programming languages for machine learning

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Among thousands, 10 programming languages stand out for their job marketability and wide use. Anyone can learn it from his/her initial stage in the field of software development. A free alternative to pricey statistical software such as Matlab or SAS, over the last few years R has become the golden child of data science. Why You Should Learn Python Python is one of the top programming languages requested by companies in 2017 / 2018.


How to cover artificial intelligence and understand its impact on journalism: MOOC in Spanish, in partnership with Microsoft

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The term "artificial intelligence" has been around since 1956, and yet many journalists are unfamiliar with its history and impact on the world today, even as its influence grows everywhere, including on how we gather and report the news. The next massive open online course (MOOC) in Spanish, and the Knight Center's first in partnership with Microsoft, will familiarize students with the foundations of artificial intelligence (AI) and how it impacts the news industry. "Artificial Intelligence: How to cover AI and understand its impact on journalism," will run from Oct. 22 to Nov. 25, 2018 and will be taught by Sandra Crucianelli, a veteran instructor for Knight Center MOOCs and a member of the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). "The course will be a wonderful opportunity for those who have not yet become familiar with artificial intelligence technologies," Crucianelli said. "We will be sharing definitions, but also analyzing applications, examples and there also will be online discussions.


Applications of artificial intelligence - Wikipedia

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Artificial intelligence, defined as intelligence exhibited by machines, has many applications in today's society. More specifically, it is Weak AI, the form of A.I. where programs are developed to perform specific tasks, that is being utilized for a wide range of activities including medical diagnosis, electronic trading, robot control, and remote sensing. AI has been used to develop and advance numerous fields and industries, including finance, healthcare, education, transportation, and more. AI for Good is a movement in which institutions are employing AI to tackle some of the world's greatest economic and social challenges. For example, the University of Southern California launched the Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society, with the goal of using AI to address socially relevant problems such as homelessness. At Stanford, researchers are using AI to analyze satellite images to identify which areas have the highest poverty levels.[1] The Air Operations Division (AOD) uses AI for the rule based expert systems. The AOD has use for artificial intelligence for surrogate operators for combat and training simulators, mission management aids, support systems for tactical decision making, and post processing of the simulator data into symbolic summaries.[2]


Vol 12, No 12 (2017) iJET International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning

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Hoy traemos a este espacio el nuevo número de iJET International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning el último de 2017 Vol 12, No 12 (2017) Table of Contents Papers Application of Digital Music Technology in Music Pedagogy Peiwei Zhang, Xin Sui Music Solfeggio Learning Platform Construction and Application Qiao Zhou, Baihui Yan The Effects of the CALL Model on College English Reading Teaching Dan Zhang, Xiaoying Wang The Construction of Intelligent English Teaching Model Based on Artificial Intelligence Design and Implementation of English Reading Examination System Based on WEB Platform Lan Guo, Zhiyu Zhao, Lu Bai, Jing Lv, Xin Zhao On Spoken English Phoneme Evaluation Method Based on Sphinx-4 Computer System Computer Multimedia Assisted English Vocabulary Teaching Courseware Multi-Interactive Teaching Model of College English in Computer Information Technology Environment Design Flow of English Learning System Based on Item Response Theory Yuemei Liu, Xuetao Zhao Application of Kinect Technology in Blind Aerobics Learning Short Papers Discovery and Recommendation of First-Hand Learning Resources Based on Public Opinion Cluster Analysis Haiyun Li, Xuebo Zhang, Junhui Wang Evaluation of Sports Visualization Based on Wearable Devices Application of Data Mining in Library-Based Personalized Learning A Personalized Recommender System Based on Library Database Music Learning Based on Computer Software Baihui Yan, Qiao Zhou International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning.