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Explanation & Argumentation: Instructional Materials


A 20-Year Community Roadmap for Artificial Intelligence Research in the US

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Decades of research in artificial intelligence (AI) have produced formidable technologies that are providing immense benefit to industry, government, and society. AI systems can now translate across multiple languages, identify objects in images and video, streamline manufacturing processes, and control cars. The deployment of AI systems has not only created a trillion-dollar industry that is projected to quadruple in three years, but has also exposed the need to make AI systems fair, explainable, trustworthy, and secure. Future AI systems will rightfully be expected to reason effectively about the world in which they (and people) operate, handling complex tasks and responsibilities effectively and ethically, engaging in meaningful communication, and improving their awareness through experience. Achieving the full potential of AI technologies poses research challenges that require a radical transformation of the AI research enterprise, facilitated by significant and sustained investment. These are the major recommendations of a recent community effort coordinated by the Computing Community Consortium and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence to formulate a Roadmap for AI research and development over the next two decades.


A Tutorial for Weighted Bipolar Argumentation with Continuous Dynamical Systems and the Java Library Attractor

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Weighted bipolar argumentation frameworks allow modeling decision problems and online discussions by defining arguments and their relationships. The strength of arguments can be computed based on an initial weight and the strength of attacking and supporting arguments. While previous approaches assumed an acyclic argumentation graph and successively set arguments' strength based on the strength of their parents, recently continuous dynamical systems have been proposed as an alternative. Continuous models update arguments' strength simultaneously and continuously. While there are currently no analytical guarantees for convergence in general graphs, experiments show that continuous models can converge quickly in large cyclic graphs with thousands of arguments. Here, we focus on the high-level ideas of this approach and explain key results and applications. We also introduce Attractor, a Java library that can be used to solve weighted bipolar argumentation problems. Attractor contains implementations of several discrete and continuous models and numerical algorithms to compute solutions. It also provides base classes that can be used to implement, to evaluate and to compare continuous models easily.