"Reinforcement learning is learning what to do – how to map situations to actions – so as to maximize a numerical reward signal. The learner is not told which actions to take, as in most forms of machine learning, but instead must discover which actions yield the most reward by trying them."
– Sutton, Richard S. and Andrew G. Barto. Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction. (1.1). MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1998.
We learn new skills by repetition and reinforcement learning. Through trial and error, we repeat actions leading to good outcomes, try to avoid bad outcomes and seek to improve those in between. Researchers are now designing algorithms based on a form of artificial intelligence that uses reinforcement learning. They are applying them to automate chemical synthesis, drug discovery and even play games like chess and Go. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have developed a reinforcement learning algorithm for yet another application.
I believe that one of the best ways to get the training you need for a job market in robotics is to attend tutorials at conferences like ICRA. Unlike workshops where you might listen to some work-in-progress, other workshop paper presentations and panel discussions, tutorials are exactly what they sound like. They aim to give you some hands-on learning sessions on technical tools/skills with specific learning objectives. As such, most tutorials would expect you to come prepared to actively participate and follow along. For instance, the "Tools for Robotic Reinforcement Learning" tutorial expects you to come knowing how to code in python and have basic knowledge of reinforcement learning because you'll be expected to use those skills/knowledge in the hands-on sessions. There are seven tutorials this year.
In recent years, we've seen a resurgence in AI, or artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Machine learning has led to some amazing results, like being able to analyze medical images and predict diseases on-par with human experts. Google's AlphaGo program was able to beat a world champion in the strategy game go using deep reinforcement learning. Machine learning is even being used to program self driving cars, which is going to change the automotive industry forever. Imagine a world with drastically reduced car accidents, simply by removing the element of human error.
Abstract: Digital twin (DT) technologies have emerged as a solution for real-time data-driven modeling of cyber physical systems (CPS) using the vast amount of data available by Internet of Things (IoT) networks. In this position paper, we elucidate unique characteristics and capabilities of a DT framework that enables realization of such promises as online learning of a physical environment, real-time monitoring of assets, Monte Carlo heuristic search for predictive prevention, on-policy, and off-policy reinforcement learning in real-time. We establish a conceptual layered architecture for a DT framework with decentralized implementation on cloud computing and enabled by artificial intelligence (AI) services for modeling, event detection, and decision-making processes. The DT framework separates the control functions, deployed as a system of logically centralized process, from the physical devices under control, much like software-defined networking (SDN) in fifth generation (5G) wireless networks. We discuss the moment of the DT framework in facilitating implementation of network-based control processes and its implications for critical infrastructure. To clarify the significance of DT in lowering the risk of development and deployment of innovative technologies on existing system, we discuss the application of implementing zero trust architecture (ZTA) as a necessary security framework in future data-driven communication networks.
This Asset we are sharing with you the Advanced Reinforcement Learning in Python: cutting-edge DQNs free download links. This is the most complete Advanced Reinforcement Learning course on Udemy. In it, you will learn to implement some of the most powerful Deep Reinforcement Learning algorithms in Python using PyTorch and PyTorch lightning. You will implement from scratch adaptive algorithms that solve control tasks based on experience. You will learn to combine these techniques with Neural Networks and Deep Learning methods to create adaptive Artificial Intelligence agents capable of solving decision-making tasks.
Machine learning books are a great resource to pump up your knowledge, and in our experience usually explain things better and deeper than online courses or MOOCs. Once you are comfortable with Python and with Data Analysis using its main libraries, it is time to enter the fantastic world of Machine Learning: Predictive models, applications, algorithms, and much more. There are a lot of books out there that try to teach you Machine Learning; here we have only listed some of the best ones. Before getting into more extensive coding ML books, we wanted to offer a book that is more related towards giving the readers an understanding of the main topics of Machine Learning and artificial intelligence in an elegant, clear, and concise manner. Although there is code and maths in the book, the goal of the 100 Page Machine Learning book by Andriy Burkov is to provide a common ground for any kind of person with an STEM background to meet the wonderful world of Data Science. It covers an amazing variety of topics but not in the depth that might be offered by other books (take into account it is only a little more than 100 pages), but it does so in a simple and clear manner, and it is useful for Machine Learning practitioners as well as for newcomers to the field.
The combination of deep learning and decision learning has led to several impressive stories in decision-making AI research, including AIs that can play a variety of games (Atari video games, board games, complex real-time strategy game Starcraft II), control robots (in simulation and in the real world), and even fly a weather balloon. These are examples of sequential decision tasks, in which the AI agent needs to make a sequence of decisions to achieve its goal. Today, the two main approaches for training such agents are reinforcement learning (RL) and imitation learning (IL). In reinforcement learning, humans provide rewards for completing discrete tasks, with the rewards typically being delayed and sparse. For example, 100 points are given for solving the first room of Montezuma's revenge (Fig.1). In the imitation learning setting, humans can transfer knowledge and skills through step-by-step action demonstrations (Fig.2), and the agent then learns to mimic human actions.
Rich S. Sutton, a research scientist at DeepMind and computing science professor at the University of Alberta, explains the underlying formal problem like the Markov decision processes, core solution methods, dynamic programming, Monte Carlo methods, and temporal-difference learning in this in-depth tutorial.