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Creativity & Intelligence: Instructional Materials


How to Prepare for a Career in Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

To be successful in an Artificial Intelligence career, you must be passionate about the subject. In addition, you should also have a passion for problem-solving and a knack for working with computers. Smart programs can be used for a variety of purposes, from driving cars to managing a company. The first step is to define what AI is. Artificial intelligence is the development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and language comprehension.


Artificial Intelligence For An Innovative Future And Scope In India – Kamlesh Dabhi

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence is the virtual simulation of human intelligence expressed by machines, especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition and machine vision. AI programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning and self-correction. In simple words, Artificial Intelligence is the science in which a machine can be designed and developed to mimic the intelligent behaviour of human beings. Many people have a misconception that artificial intelligence is the tomorrow. Today, we are surrounded by artificial intelligence.


Neural Storage: A New Paradigm of Elastic Memory

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Storage and retrieval of data in a computer memory plays a major role in system performance. Traditionally, computer memory organization is static - i.e., they do not change based on the application-specific characteristics in memory access behaviour during system operation. Specifically, the association of a data block with a search pattern (or cues) as well as the granularity of a stored data do not evolve. Such a static nature of computer memory, we observe, not only limits the amount of data we can store in a given physical storage, but it also misses the opportunity for dramatic performance improvement in various applications. On the contrary, human memory is characterized by seemingly infinite plasticity in storing and retrieving data - as well as dynamically creating/updating the associations between data and corresponding cues. In this paper, we introduce Neural Storage (NS), a brain-inspired learning memory paradigm that organizes the memory as a flexible neural memory network. In NS, the network structure, strength of associations, and granularity of the data adjust continuously during system operation, providing unprecedented plasticity and performance benefits. We present the associated storage/retrieval/retention algorithms in NS, which integrate a formalized learning process. Using a full-blown operational model, we demonstrate that NS achieves an order of magnitude improvement in memory access performance for two representative applications when compared to traditional content-based memory.


GPT-3 Creative Fiction

#artificialintelligence

What if I told a story here, how would that story start?" Thus, the summarization prompt: "My second grader asked me what this passage means: …" When a given prompt isn't working and GPT-3 keeps pivoting into other modes of completion, that may mean that one hasn't constrained it enough by imitating a correct output, and one needs to go further; writing the first few words or sentence of the target output may be necessary.


Human Intelligence and AI for Oncology advancement - Vatican News

#artificialintelligence

The increase in the number of cancer cases worldwide is a major cause for concern for the medical community. Doctor Alexandru Floares, a speaker at a 3-day workshop organized by the Pontifical Academy for Life on Ethics and Artificial Intelligence (AI), spoke to Vatican Radio on the potential for larger strides in the field of oncology and medical research through the efficiency that AI provides. Dr. Floares, a Neurologist, specialist in AI applications in Oncology, and President of Solutions of Artificial Intelligence Applications (SAIA), gave a presentation titled "AI in Oncology." In his interview with Vatican Radio, Dr. Floares spoke on issues bordering on access to data for medical research, solutions to the emerging issues surrounding the use of AI in healthcare, and the revolutionary role of AI in the field of medicine. "The problems related to applying AI to medicine and oncology can be solved relatively easily," he said.


Creativity Inspired Zero-shot Learning

#artificialintelligence

Zero-shot learning (ZSL) aims at understanding unseen categories with no training examples from class-level descriptions. To improve the discriminative power of zero-shot learning, we model the visual learning process of unseen categories with inspiration from the psychology of human creativity for producing novel art. We relate ZSL to human creativity by observing that zero-shot learning is about recognizing the unseen and creativity is about creating a likable unseen. We introduce a learning signal inspired by creativity literature that explores the unseen space with hallucinated class-descriptions and encourages careful deviation of their visual feature generations from seen classes while allowing knowledge transfer from seen to unseen classes. With hundreds of thousands of object categories in the real world and countless undiscovered species, it becomes unfeasible to maintain hundreds of examples per class to fuel the training needs of most existing recognition systems.


AI Plus Human Intelligence Is The Future Of Work

#artificialintelligence

We are living in interesting times, where digital assistants schedule meetings, chatbots work alongside humans as teaching assistants, and your suitcase can now become self driving luggage as showcased at CES, 2018. The implications are just starting to be felt in the workplace. In 2017, I wrote about how The Employee Experience is the Future of Work. Now, as we enter 2018, the next journey for HR leaders will be to leverage artificial intelligence combined with human intelligence and create a more personalized employee experience. As we increase our personal usage of chatbots (defined as software which provides an automated, yet personalized, conversation between itself and human users), employees will soon interact with them in the workplace as well.


Human Intelligence & Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: A day with the Stanford Presence Center Speaking of Medicine

#artificialintelligence

Last week, PLOS Medicine and PLOS ONE editors Linda Nevin and Meghan Byrne attended Human Intelligence & Artificial Intelligence (HIAI) in Medicine, a Stanford Presence Center symposium. HIAI brought together thought leaders in medicine, computer science and policy to envisage an inclusive, equitable and humane experience in medicine with AI solutions. A few highlights from the symposium are described here. "Supervised learning is the ultimate example of'garbage in, garbage out'," computer scientist and former Stanford President John L. Hennessy told the audience in his opening remarks at last Tuesday's Human Intelligence & Artificial Intelligence (HIAI) in Medicine Symposium, hosted by the Stanford Presence Center. Dr. Hennessy was honored at the symposium for his recent Turing Award, but his talk stayed true to the Presence mission--championing human intelligence in medicine as artificial intelligence (AI)'s role in the clinic grows.


AI Plus Human Intelligence Is The Future Of Work

#artificialintelligence

We are living in interesting times, where digital assistants schedule meetings, chatbots work alongside humans as teaching assistants, and your suitcase can now become self driving luggage as showcased at CES, 2018. The implications are just starting to be felt in the workplace. In 2017, I wrote about how The Employee Experience is the Future of Work. Now, as we enter 2018, the next journey for HR leaders will be to leverage artificial intelligence combined with human intelligence and create a more personalized employee experience.


AI Plus Human Intelligence Is The Future Of Work

#artificialintelligence

We are living in interesting times, where digital assistants schedule meetings, chatbots work alongside humans as teaching assistants, and your suitcase can now become self driving luggage as showcased at CES, 2018. The implications are just starting to be felt in the workplace. In 2017, I wrote about how The Employee Experience is the Future of Work. Now, as we enter 2018, the next journey for HR leaders will be to leverage artificial intelligence combined with human intelligence and create a more personalized employee experience.