Maricopa County

Adversarial Attacks against Windows PE Malware Detection: A Survey of the State-of-the-Art Artificial Intelligence

The malware has been being one of the most damaging threats to computers that span across multiple operating systems and various file formats. To defend against the ever-increasing and ever-evolving threats of malware, tremendous efforts have been made to propose a variety of malware detection methods that attempt to effectively and efficiently detect malware. Recent studies have shown that, on the one hand, existing ML and DL enable the superior detection of newly emerging and previously unseen malware. However, on the other hand, ML and DL models are inherently vulnerable to adversarial attacks in the form of adversarial examples, which are maliciously generated by slightly and carefully perturbing the legitimate inputs to confuse the targeted models. Basically, adversarial attacks are initially extensively studied in the domain of computer vision, and some quickly expanded to other domains, including NLP, speech recognition and even malware detection. In this paper, we focus on malware with the file format of portable executable (PE) in the family of Windows operating systems, namely Windows PE malware, as a representative case to study the adversarial attack methods in such adversarial settings. To be specific, we start by first outlining the general learning framework of Windows PE malware detection based on ML/DL and subsequently highlighting three unique challenges of performing adversarial attacks in the context of PE malware. We then conduct a comprehensive and systematic review to categorize the state-of-the-art adversarial attacks against PE malware detection, as well as corresponding defenses to increase the robustness of PE malware detection. We conclude the paper by first presenting other related attacks against Windows PE malware detection beyond the adversarial attacks and then shedding light on future research directions and opportunities.

Robotics Today latest talks – Raia Hadsell (DeepMind), Koushil Sreenath (UC Berkeley) and Antonio Bicchi (Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia)


Bio: Antonio Bicchi is a scientist interested in robotics and intelligent machines. After graduating in Pisa and receiving a Ph.D. from the University of Bologna, he spent a few years at the MIT AI Lab of Cambridge before becoming Professor in Robotics at the University of Pisa. In 2009 he founded the Soft Robotics Laboratory at the Italian Institute of Technology in Genoa. Since 2013 he is Adjunct Professor at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. He has coordinated many international projects, including four grants from the European Research Council (ERC).

The morals of the driverless cars


There is something different about this car, however. Someone is in the driver's seat, but the car is driving itself. This vehicle is part of Uber's self-driving pilot program and is a fleet of vehicles cruising throughout America. Dazed, the driver, who has barely touched the wheel all day, stares into the empty Arizona desert. The driver freaks out; he instantly fears the worst.

Meet the autonomous driving influencers of TikTok


That's what Arizona State University retail store manager and mother to three Sophia Lovasz asked her TikTok followers back in April. In a 15-second video we see a driverless Waymo minivan approach before Lovasz hops in and shows that no one is at the wheel. "Ngl it was trippy at first," reads a caption, as the steering wheel moves on its own. The short clip set to "Lottery (Renegade)" by K Camp racked up 1.9 million views. Whatever hashtag it's known by, this is where the far-off concept of self-driving cars is portrayed as an everyday reality thanks to posts from early adopters. Based on the success of her first post, Lovasz -- or @sosobombs -- continued documenting her experience as an early rider using the Alphabet-owned Waymo One robo-taxi service in the Phoenix, Arizona area.

Developing a more human-like response is an increasing feature of AI


When an Uber autonomous test car killed pedestrian Elaine Herzberg in Tempe, Arizona, in March 2018, it sent alarm bells around the world of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. Walking her bicycle, Herzberg had strayed on to the road, resulting in a fatal collision with the vehicle. While there were other contributory factors in the accident, the incident highlighted a key flaw in the algorithm powering the car. It was not trained to cope with jay-walkers nor could it recognise whether it was dealing with a bicycle or a pedestrian. Confused, it ultimately failed to default quickly to the safety option of slowing the vehicle and potentially saving Herzberg's life.

Intel's AI degree program expands to 18 additional community colleges in 11 states


Following an online pilot in the fall of 2020 with Maricopa County Community College District, Intel is expanding its AI for Workforce Program to include 18 additional schools in 11 states, including California, New Mexico and Michigan. With the expansion, more than 800,000 students can take part in a curriculum designed by the company, at the end of which they can earn a certificate or associate degree in artificial intelligence. The program includes courses on data collection, computer vision, model training, coding and AI ethics. In addition to designing the curriculum, Intel has provided training and technical advice to the college faculty involved in the program. Dell is also helping with technical and infrastructure expertise.

Waypoint - The official Waymo blog: Why I Ride with Waymo: Sophia


Editor's note: We first heard from Sophia on social media, where she's been sharing fun videos of her Waymo One rides. We reached out to learn more about what intrigued her about Waymo in the first place and how autonomous driving technology has become a part of her everyday life (and sparked a new passion!). Tell us a little bit about yourself! My name is Sophia, and I live with my husband and 3 children in Tempe, Arizona. I work as a campus store manager at Arizona State University and in the entrepreneurship community as a venture mentor.

tech company working on driverless car fleet


This May 13, 2014 file photo shows a row of Google self-driving Lexus cars at a Google event outside the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, Calif. AP Google has been working on driverless technology through Waymo, a spin-off from its main holdings company. Though autonomous revenues will not grow until 2030 the driverless vehicle market is of clear interest to many businesses and governments alike, with Germany set to invest €58 … In April 2019, the company began running driverless car trials on selected public roads in Bromley and Croydon in London, partnering with the government-funded initiative StreetWise. Our all-electric, self-driving fleet will offer more freedom, more time, and more peace of mind. At that time, we reported that Apple was operating 66 vehicles. Check out these 21 self-driving car companies that are ushering in the next generation of travel. The Big Three automaker has worked hard to rebrand itself as a mobility company, introducing an app, running autonomous shuttles and bike-sharing systems, and promoting a vision of connected, mobility-as-a-service solutions with the Detroit company … The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, programmed a small fleet of miniature robotic cars to drive on a multi-lane track and observed how the traffic flow changed when one of the cars stopped. If there was one company that is keeping pace with GM's driverless car tech right now, it's Alphabet's Waymo, formerly known as Google's self-driving car project. Driverless cars are finally coming to New York. Apple Inc. has held talks with Hyundai Motor Co. about working on driverless, electric vehicles, the South Korean car company has said. Facebook/LeEco LeEco is working on a car dubbed the LeSEE, pictured above, … Source: Flickr/jurvetson Source: Flickr/jurvetson With Uber accused of industrial espionage, the heat is on in driverless tech Waymo LLC is an American autonomous driving technology development company. Overseas, tech company Baidu is partnering with manufacturers in China. It’s right around the corner. The self-driving car company has around 600 vehicles in its fleet and makes its own sensors in-house. Ford exemplifies the reinvention approach. Should driverless car businesses leverage this aspect of car rental companies, they would be able to offer their services to millions of customers worldwide. Courtesy Courtesy Israeli company Arbe Robotics , a provider of real-time 4D imaging radar chipsets for ADAS (advanced driver-assistance systems), is partnering with AutoX, a leading Chinese robotaxi (self-driving taxi) firm, to integrate its tech in the company’s fleet of Level 4 autonomous vehicles. We’re Cruise, a self-driving car service designed for the cities we love. We publish all the tricks and solutions to pass each track of the crossword puzzle. AutoX's driverless vehicle fleet. Johann Jungwirth, the German company's chief digital fully mapped. A fleet of driverless cars working together to keep traffic moving smoothly can improve overall traffic flow by at least 35 percent, researchers have shown. If there was one company that is keeping pace with GM's driverless car tech right now, it's Alphabet's Waymo, formerly known as Google's self-driving car project. Yandex began working on driverless technology in 2016 and tested its first cars in 2017. Although its CEO has warned driverless cars might be further off than people realize, he has also promised that the company will build parts and sensors whether cars are 10%, 80%, or 100% autonomous. Apple acquired to boost its self-driving car efforts. Waymo’s tech peer Apple is also quietly progressing on its self-driving car technology. Yandex began working on driverless technology in 2016 and tested its first cars in 2017. Optimus Ride, a self-driving tech company, is launching a fleet of six cars at Brooklyn's Navy Yard on Wednesday in a … Facebook/LeEco LeEco is working on a car dubbed the LeSEE … With the release of nine reports, the California Department of Motor Vehicles has created what is likely the first public data set on driverless car crashes in the U.S. Arity Arity Founded: 2016What they do: Arity utilizes breakthrough big data capabilities to identify traffic patterns for predicting and reducing risk in … Despite two recent fatal crashes involving driverless cars, experts argue that self-driving cars will eventually be safer than human-driven ones. The cars are currently being tested in Russia's Skolkovo and Innopolis tech parks. Hi Tech Robotic Systemz: With a focus on enriching human life through smart Top 12: Autonomous developments 01 May 2019 Autonomous driving is the next big step for many OEMs, but technology companies are keen to get in on the act and drive through this change. The driverless car has metamorphosed from a superfluous autonomous machine to the vehicle of choice for tech giants hoping to boast their technical prowess and visionary thinking. Nearly every major car manufacturer and tech company is working on the concept. Ford’s latest driverless car project will add 100 autonomous vehicles to the company’s current test fleet, which operates in at least six cities across the U.S. As of June 30, Google has quite the driverless car fleet, with 34 of the Koala vehicles and 24 Lexus SUVs retrofitted with Google's driverless tech on the road. First fleet of driverless taxis launches in Beijing with rides costing $4.60 Baidu rolled out 10 Apollo Go Robotaxis in Shougang Park in Beijing's outskirts These … It’s been insistent in the past that driverless … But the company now has other things to worry about—namely, the safety of its driverless fleet. Headed by Pinaki Laskar, Fisheyebox’s driverless car comes with AIOS, car operating system, technology innovation that has made its trail run. These vehicles are more than just AV showmanship, Ford says that they have “launch-intent” technologies in them that the company plans to use in commercialized self-driving cars. The car features 12 cameras, radars, laser scanners and If driverless car tech will truly reduce the rate of accidents, car companies will want to push this tech forward. The number of Apple’s self-driving cars then remained the same (66 vehicles) since 68 cars. . Here are all the Tech company working on driverless car fleet answers for CodyCross game. Its autonomous driving arm signed an agreement last week with Volvo Cars, owned by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, for its self-driving test fleet, the company said. Sort of. Once self-driving tech developers, like Waymo, scales its fleet for It is a subsidiary of Alphabet Inc, the parent company of Google.Waymo operates a commercial self-driving taxi service in the greater Phoenix, Arizona area called

Artificial Intelligence and Ethics


On March 18, 2018, at around 10 p.m., Elaine Herzberg was wheeling her bicycle across a street in Tempe, Arizona, when she was struck and killed by a self-driving car. Although there was a human operator behind the wheel, an autonomous system--artificial intelligence--was in full control. This incident, like others involving interactions between people and AI technologies, raises a host of ethical and proto-legal questions. What moral obligations did the system's programmers have to prevent their creation from taking a human life? And who was responsible for Herzberg's death? "Artificial intelligence" refers to systems that can be designed to take cues from their environment and, based on those inputs, proceed to solve problems, assess risks, make predictions, and take actions. In the era predating powerful computers and big data, such systems were programmed by humans and followed rules of human invention, but advances in technology have led to the development of new approaches.

How Artificial Intelligence Is Cutting Wait Time At Red Lights - AI Summary


The company claims its cloud- and artificial-intelligence-based traffic control system can halve rush-hour times in dense urban areas, reduce annual CO2 emissions by a half-billion tons in places like Phoenix/Maricopa County, and slash transportation budgets by 70 percent. When legacy system suppliers like Siemens offer similar technology with centralized control, it typically requires costly installation of fiber-optic or other wired-network connections, as the latency inherent in cellular communications can't meet stringent standards set by Advance Transportation Controller (ATC), National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), CalTrans, and others for safety and conflict resolution. Installation cost per intersection roughly equals the cost budgeted for maintaining and repairing today's inductive loops and camera intersections every five years, but the NoTraffic gear allegedly lasts longer and is upgradable over the air. Maricopa County has the greatest number of NoTraffic intersections, and projections indicate equipping all 4,000 signals in the area would save 7.8 centuries of wasted commuting time per year, valued at $1.2 billion in economic impact. The company targets jurisdictions covering 80 percent of the nation's 320,000 traffic signals, noting that converting the entire U.S. traffic system could reduce CO2 by as much as removing 20 million combustion vehicles each year.