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Ideal Partition of Resources for Metareasoning

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

We can achieve significant gains in the value of computation by metareasoning about the nature or extent of base-level problem solving before executing a solution. However, resources that are irrevocably committed to metareasoning are not available for executing a solution. Thus, it is important to determine the portion of resources we wish to apply to metareasoning and control versus to the execution of a solution plan. Recent research on rational agency has highlighted the importance of limiting the consumption of resources by metareasoning machinery. We shall introduce the metareasoning-partition problem--the problem of ideally apportioning costly reasoning resources to planning a solution versus applying resource to executing a solution to a problem. We exercise prototypical metareasoning-partition models to probe the relationships between time allocated to metareasoning and to execution for different problem classes. Finally, we examine the value of metareasoning in the context of our functional analyses. This work was supported by a NASA Fellowship under Grant NCC-220-51, by the National Science Foundation under Grant IRI-8703710, and by the U.S. Army Research Office under Grant P-25514-EL. Computing facilities were provided by the SUMEX-AIM Resource under NLM Grant LM05208.