Artificial intelligence and machine learning are becoming a bigger part of our world, which has raised ethical questions and words of caution. Hollywood has foreshadowed the lethal downside of AI many times over but two iconic films illustrate problems we might soon face. In "2001: A Space Odyssey," the ship is controlled by the HAL 9000 computer. It reads the lips of the astronauts as they share their misgivings about the system and their intention to disconnect it. In the most famous scene, Keir Dullea's Dave Bowman is trapped in an airlock. He says, "Open the pod bay doors, HAL."
Humanity at a Crossroads--Artificial Intelligence is one of the most intriguing topics today, filled with various arguments and views on whether it's a blessing or a threat to humanity. We might be at the crossroads, but what if AI itself is already crossing the line? If we look at "I, Robot," a sci-fi film that takes place in Chicago circa 2035, highly intelligent robots powered by artificial intelligence fill public service positions and have taken over all the menial jobs, including garbage collection, cooking, and even dog walking throughout the world. The movie came out in 2004 starring Will Smith as Detective Del Spooner who eventually discovers a conspiracy in which AI-powered robots may enslave and hurt the human race. Stephen Hawking, famed physicist, also once said: "Success in creating effective AI could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization. So we can't know for sure if we'll be infinitely helped by AI, or ignored by it and side-lined, or conceivably destroyed by it."
Criticism may not be agreeable, but it is necessary. It fulfills the same function as pain in the human body. It calls attention to an unhealthy state of things." I am delighted to be joining Communications as a chair for the Viewpoints section. My goal is to fill Viewpoints with challenging and thought-provoking opinions from a diverse set of voices within the computing community including younger members, members with suggestions for changes in how ACM operates, and researchers in the social sciences who study the impact of computing technologies.
The researchers found that although the results achieved by AI models rose as they gained more computing power, AIs still performed poorly on most tasks compared with humans. Artificial intelligence (AI) researchers at 132 institutions, including Google, have proposed an update to the Turing test for rating the capabilities of AI technology. The researchers suggested using the Beyond the Imitation Game benchmark (BIG-bench), comprised of 204 diverse tasks designed not to be fully solved by state-of-the-art AI models. The researchers observed that AI models performed poorly on most of the tasks compared with humans, although they showed improvement as computing power increased. Adrian Hilton of the U.K.'s University of Surrey said, "I can see that setting up a set of benchmarks is one way of comparing one machine-learning algorithm with another, one AI with another. But I don't think that necessarily answers the question of intelligence though."
A century ago, English mathematician Lewis Fry Richardson proposed a startling idea for that time: constructing a systematic process based on math for predicting the weather. In his 1922 book, "Weather Prediction By Numerical Process," Richardson tried to write an equation that he could use to solve the dynamics of the atmosphere based on hand calculations. It didn't work because not enough was known about the science of the atmosphere at that time. "Perhaps some day in the dim future it will be possible to advance the computations faster than the weather advances and at a cost less than the saving to mankind due to the information gained. But that is a dream," Richardson concluded.
Robotics is a smoking-hot industry that's evolving by literal leaps and bounds, and the top researchers in the field are also some of sci-fi's geekiest fans. Robin Murphy, the Raytheon professor of computer science and engineering at Texas A&M University, specializes in artificial intelligence for robotics. As a component of her curriculum, she writes "Science Fiction, Science Fact," a series of provocative, engaging articles that highlight the myriad differences between the robots and droids depicted in popular science fiction films and the best sci-fi TV shows and actual robots and autonomous machines working in the real world. Although "The Mandalorian" and "The Book of Boba Fett" excel in depicting visually arresting Star Wars droids, their mechanical designs are not only impractical but often no match for real robots, Murphy explained in a column in the journal Science Robotics (opens in new tab). In addition to being one of the finest minds in robotics, she's the distinguished author of several MIT Press books on the topic, including "Robotics Through Science Fiction (opens in new tab)" (2018), "Introduction to AI Robotics (opens in new tab)" (2001, 2018) and "Disaster Robotics (opens in new tab)" (2014).
The way Timnit Gebru sees it, the foundations of the future are being built now. In Silicon Valley, home to the world's biggest tech companies, the artificial intelligence (AI) revolution is already well under way. Software is being written and algorithms are being trained that will determine the shape of our lives for decades or even centuries to come. If the tech billionaires get their way, the world will run on artificial intelligence. Cars will drive themselves and computers will diagnose and cure diseases. Art, music and movies will be automatically generated.
The days of walking into a giant grocery store with an empty cart and browsing through tens of thousands of items will soon be a routine of the past. With artificial intelligence, technology startups are hoping to change the grocery shopping experience. "It's pretty overwhelming to get your food right each week," says Alex Weinstein, Chief Digital Officer of Hungryroot an AI grocery company. "Customers tell us all the time - it takes many hours each week to plan, shop for, and finally cook meals for their households. And yet, each wants to eat healthy. We've made it our mission to make healthy eating easy - instead of overwhelming."
Nevada GOP senatorial candidate Adam Laxalt sounds off on'Jesse Watters Primetime' as the Silver State gets overrun by illegal immigration repercussions. President Biden's Department of Homeland Security is preparing to discipline the Border Patrol agents involved in the purported "whipping" incident last year on the Rio Grande, which Nevada's newly-minted Republican Senate nominee called a "despicable" failure to "acknowledge reality." The agents were legally cleared of any criminal wrongdoing in the incident, which critics said was a hoax – as the style of horsemanship utilizes split-reins, which are complementary to one-handed riding, to control the animals' movements. On Fox News, Jesse Watters reported the agents will face some level of administrative sanction, whether that be a proverbial slap on the wrist or loss of job. Mounted U.S. Border Patrol agents watch Haitian immigrants on the bank of the Rio Grande in Del Rio, Texas on September 20, 2021, as seen from Ciudad Acuna, Mexico.