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What Buddhism can do for AI ethics

#artificialintelligence

The explosive growth of artificial intelligence has fostered hope that it will help us solve many of the world's most intractable problems. However, there's also much concern about the power of AI, and growing agreement that its use should be guided to avoid infringing upon our rights. Many groups have discussed and proposed ethical guidelines for how AI should be developed or deployed: IEEE, a global professional organization for engineers, has issued a 280-page document on the subject (to which I contributed), and the European Union has published its own framework. The AI Ethics Guidelines Global Inventory has compiled more than 160 such guidelines from around the world. Unfortunately, most of these guidelines are developed by groups or organizations concentrated in North America and Europe: a survey published by social scientist Anna Jobin and her colleagues found 21 in the US, 19 in the EU, 13 in the UK, four in Japan, and one each from the United Arab Emirates, India, Singapore, and South Korea.


Machine Learning 'on the rocks' 🥃

#artificialintelligence

Apparently, the project's domain relies on the most popular liquor in the world -- Whiskey. A dark spirit coming from a great variety of grains, distilled throughout the world and arriving at quite a number of styles (Irish, Scotch, Bourbon etc) [1]. Scotland, Ireland, Canada & Japan are among the famous exporters and on an international scale, the global production almost reaches the level of $95m revenue [2]. The main scope, hereof, is to introduce in a… 'companionable' way, how helpful can the Clustering Algorithms prove to be, anytime we need to find patterns in a (large) dataset. Actually, it might be considered as a powerful expansion of the standard Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA), which is often very beneficial to try, before using Supervised Machine Learning (ML) models.


AI to Release New Mini Album "IT'S ALL ME - Vol.2"

#artificialintelligence

On February 24, AI will release her new mini album, "IT'S ALL ME – Vol.2." This release follows her previous mini album, "IT'S ALL ME", which was released last July in celebration of her 20th anniversary. "IT'S ALL ME – Vol.2" features the song "Not So Different", the theme song for "One Young World Japan", a conference for the next generation of leaders. Also include on the mini album is the song's remix, which features Awich. Check out more information on AI's new mini album below!


Japan BrandVoice: How Japan Is Using The World's Most Powerful Supercomputer To Accelerate Personalized Medicine

#artificialintelligence

Imagine getting medical checkups, drugs and other therapies tailored to your own genetic makeup. The concept of personalized medicine is based on the idea that medical treatment should not be one size fits all. But this requires analysis of enormous amounts of data, something only a supercomputer can do efficiently. In Japan, scientists are harnessing the world's most powerful supercomputer, Fugaku, to discover new customized treatments and drug therapies. Kamada Mayumi is a researcher in Kyoto University's Graduate School of Medicine.


AI leverages Fugaku's power to develop a Tsunami prediction tool

#artificialintelligence

It was last summer that I wrote about the Japanese computing giant'Fugaku' surpassing the American reigning champion Summit to become the fastest supercomputer in the World. Since then, Fugaku has solidified its position at the top spot -- according to the 56th edition of the TOP500 list published in Nov. 2020, its capacity has increased from 7,299,072 cores to 7,630,848 cores, posting a new world record 442 petaflops result on HPL. The most powerful supercomputer by RIKEN Center for Computational Science & Fujitsu has now been engaged in developing a real-world prediction tool. In a multinational collaborative endeavor, The International Research Institute of Disaster Science at Tohoku University, the Earthquake Research Institute at the University of Tokyo, and Fujitsu Laboratories have come together to develop an AI model that will be able to predict tsunami flooding in coastal areas in near real-time. This could be a real handy tool for disaster management teams.


Suzuki Motor chairman to retire after leading firm for over 40 years

The Japan Times

Suzuki Motor Corp. Chairman Osamu Suzuki will retire after leading the Japanese automaker for more than 40 years and making it into a global player with an overwhelming dominance in the Indian car market, the firm said Wednesday. The 91-year-old chairman will leave the post at a shareholders meeting slated for June and become an adviser, it said. Suzuki has served as either president, chairman or CEO of the company, known for its minivehicles and motorcycles, since 1978. "I decided to give way to successors to promote a midterm business plan," which the Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture-based company released the same day, Suzuki said during an online news conference. He added that the company's 100-year anniversary last year also prompted his decision to step down from the chairman's post.


What we can learn from Japan's adoption of robots in the service sector

#artificialintelligence

Robots hold polar extremes in economic narrative and popular imagination. One narrative depicts a looming dystopian future with robots and other forms of automation increasingly replacing human workers, depressing wages (Brynjolfsson and McAfee 2014), feeding inequality, and contributing to further'deaths of despair' (Case and Deaton 2020, Mulligan 2021). In counter-imaginations, robots embody innovative technology spurring productivity and freeing workers from repetitive, strenuous, monotonous work while helping to relieve labour shortages arising from ageing populations. Such demographic challenges are salient particularly in higher-income countries farther along in the demographic transition, such as the OECD nations, where populations in 18 out of the 36 countries are projected to decline by 2055. These nations face rising old-age dependency ratios, declining employment-to-population ratios, and challenges in providing services to the growing number of frail older adults.


Toyota begins construction of smart city near Mount Fuji

The Japan Times

NAGOYA – Toyota Motor Corp. on Tuesday began construction of a smart city at the foot of Mount Fuji in central Japan as a testing ground for new technologies including robotics and artificial intelligence. About 360 people including Toyota employees will initially move to the so-called Woven City to be built at the 70.8-hectare former Toyota factory site in Susono, Shizuoka Prefecture. It will be powered by electricity from fuel cells, which derive power from a hydrogen-oxygen reaction, in addition to solar panels. Toyota describes the city -- run with partner companies such as telecommunications giant Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp. -- as a "living laboratory" where it will test autonomous vehicles, robots and artificial intelligence in a real-world environment. The automaker has commissioned Danish architect Bjarke Ingels, who designed the 2 World Trade Center in New York City and Google's headquarters in California, to plan the layout of the city.


Honda appoints Japan R&D chief Toshihiro Mibe as new CEO

The Japan Times

Honda Motor Co. is promoting its current head of research and development Toshihiro Mibe to chief executive, the latest in a number of bold moves the automaker is taking to step beyond its more than half-a-century-long reliance on selling gasoline-powered cars. Mibe, 59, will also assume the president role effective April 1, the company said in a statement Friday. Honda's current CEO Takahiro Hachigo, who helmed the firm for six years, will become a director as of that date and then retire from the company at its general meeting in June. Honda's new chief is taking the top job as the Japanese carmaker pushes to stay abreast of the two great shifts hitting the auto industry: automation and electrification. Since joining Honda in 1987, Mibe has occupied various roles, including as the chief of Honda's R&D subsidiary, where he was central to driving the company's electric vehicle technologies and autonomous driving strategies.


How Apple and Bandai tried selling dreams to kids and the internet to adults

Engadget

The early 90s were pretty grim for Apple. Employees didn't feel great about then-CEO John Sculley's hands-off leadership, and lots of the company's cash -- too much, perhaps -- was tied up in R&D for projects that either wouldn't connect with the market, or failed to see the light of day. Meanwhile, 5,000 miles away, one of Japan's biggest toymakers was grappling with change of its own. To Bandai CEO Makoto Yamashina, his business was about being a "servant to children", and those children wanted to play video games. This is the story of how two strikingly different companies decided to work toward a common goal: building a home video game console.