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Creativity & Intelligence: AI-Alerts


Deconstructing the diagnostic reasoning of human versus artificial intelligence

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is expected to occupy an increasingly important place in diagnostic tasks in health care. The principles underlying learning are similar for human and artificial intelligences, but the respective approaches to diagnosis are markedly different. Clinicians approach diagnosis in an intuitive and deductive manner, whereas AI is chiefly analytical and inductive. The wholesale replacement of human intelligence by AI in diagnostic tasks is unlikely, apart from some highly targeted tasks; instead, AI should be considered as a tool to help clinicians in their reasoning. Artificial intelligence (AI) is often presented as the future of medical practice.


Artificial Intelligence and Health Care Are Made For Each Other

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence has the potential to radically change health care. Imagine a not too distant future when the focus shifts away from disease to how we stay healthy. At birth, everyone would get a thorough, multifaceted baseline profile, including screening for genetic and rare diseases. Then, over their lifetimes, cost-effective, minimally invasive clinical-grade devices could accurately monitor a range of biometrics such as heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and glucose levels, in addition to environmental factors such as exposure to pathogens and toxins, and behavioral factors like sleep and activity patterns. This biometric, genetic, environmental and behavioral information could be coupled with social data and used to create AI models.


A philosopher argues that an AI can never be an artist

MIT Technology Review

On March 31, 1913, in the Great Hall of the Musikverein concert house in Vienna, a riot broke out in the middle of a performance of an orchestral song by Alban Berg. Police arrested the concert's organizer for punching Oscar Straus, a little-remembered composer of operettas. Later, at the trial, Straus quipped about the audience's frustration. The punch, he insisted, was the most harmonious sound of the entire evening. History has rendered a different verdict: the concert's conductor, Arnold Schoenberg, has gone down as perhaps the most creative and influential composer of the 20th century. You may not enjoy Schoenberg's dissonant music, which rejects conventional tonality to arrange the 12 notes of the scale according to rules that don't let any predominate. But he changed what humans understand music to be. This is what makes him a genuinely creative and innovative artist.


DeepMind AI takes IQ tests to probe its ability for abstract thought

New Scientist

Will artificial intelligences ever be able to match humans in abstract thought, or are they just very fancy number crunchers? Researchers at Google DeepMind are trying to find out by challenging AIs to solve abstract reasoning puzzles similar to those found in IQ tests.