Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and Columbia University are trying to make the process faster and easier: In a new paper, they've developed InstantCAD, a tool that lets designers interactively edit, improve, and optimize CAD models using a more streamlined and intuitive workflow. Traditional CAD systems are "parametric," which means that when engineers design models, they can change properties like shape and size ("parameters") based on different priorities. Matusik says InstantCAD could be particularly helpful for more intricate designs for objects like cars, planes, and robots, particularly for industries like car manufacturing that care a lot about squeezing every little bit of performance out of a product. "In a world where 3-D printing and industrial robotics are making manufacturing more accessible, we need systems that make the actual design process more accessible, too," Schulz says.
Robot Academy is an online platform that provides free-to-use undergraduate-level learning resources for robotics and robotic vision. Each lesson is rated in terms of difficulty (on a 5-point scale), and Robot Academy references videos on Khan Academy to help students get up to speed to follow more advanced lessons. Previously he was a Senior Principal Research Scientist at the CSIRO ICT Centre where he founded and led the Autonomous Systems laboratory, the Sensors and Sensor Networks research theme and the Sensors and Sensor Networks Transformational Capability Platform. He was the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Robotics and Automation magazine; founding editor of the Journal of Field Robotics; member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Robotics Research, and the Springer STAR series.
Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) believe that analyzing photos like these could help us learn recipes and better understand people's eating habits. In a new paper with the Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI), the team trained an artificial intelligence system called Pic2Recipe to look at a photo of food and be able to predict the ingredients and suggest similar recipes. "In computer vision, food is mostly neglected because we don't have the large-scale datasets needed to make predictions," says Yusuf Aytar, an MIT postdoc who co-wrote a paper about the system with MIT Professor Antonio Torralba. The CSAIL team's project aims to build off of this work but dramatically expand in scope.
Robots and drones can be deployed quickly in areas deemed too unsafe for humans and are used to guide rescuers, collect data, deliver essential supplies or provide communication services. IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices, and its SC 47F: Micro electromechanical systems, are responsible for compiling a wide range of International Standards for the semiconductor devices used in sensors and the MEMS essential to the safe operation of drone flights. IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery, prepares International Standards covering specifications for rotating electrical machines, while IEC TC 91: Electronics assembly technology, is responsible for standards on electronic assembly technologies including components. In addition to IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices and IEC SC 47F: Microelectromechanical systems, mentioned above, other IEC TCs involved in standardization work for specific areas affecting rescue and disaster relief robots include IEC TC 44: Safety of machinery – Electrotechnical aspects; IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery; IEC TC 17: Switchgear and controlgear; and IEC TC 22: Power electronic systems and equipment.
The most famous was author Isaac Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics, which are designed to prevent robots harming humans. As we describe in a new paper in Frontiers, this principle could form the basis of a new set of universal guidelines for robots to keep humans as safe as possible. Broad behavioural goals, such as preventing harm to humans or protecting a robot's existence, can mean different things in different contexts. For example, instead of always following the rule "don't push humans", a robot would generally avoid pushing them but still be able to push them out of the way of a falling object.
The Knightscope K5 security robot's job is to be on the look out for crime. It might also want to keep an eye on where it's going. Officer workers at the Georgetown Harbour office and retail space in Washington D.C. tweeted photos on Monday of the building's K5 marooned and toppled over in a water fountain. The K5 is limbless, so it couldn't lift itself out of the fountain, and good old fashioned humanity had to come to the rescue.
For almost any proposal I have seen for how we might make infrastructure "robocar ready" there is a far cheaper and faster-to-develop solution that involves having the cars get smarter. Indeed, almost all the activity of infrastructure maintainers should focus on maintaining the virtual infrastructure instead. They should work to make sure roads are changed without logging it in a database, that road signs are all logged in databases and new ones don't go into force until logged in the databases. The budget size of many of the EU and Japanese funded projects for example, far exceeded the budget of Google's early efforts, yet Google produced an impressive car while the EU projects produced only minor results.
Last year, MIT associate professor of electrical engineering and computer science Vivienne Sze and colleagues unveiled a new, energy-efficient computer chip optimized for neural networks, which could enable powerful artificial-intelligence systems to run locally on mobile devices. Different types of networks vary according to their number of layers, the number of connections between the nodes, and the number of nodes in each layer. In the past, Sze explains, researchers attempting to reduce neural networks' power consumption used a technique called "pruning." With the aid of their energy model, Sze and her colleagues -- first author Tien-Ju Yang and Yu-Hsin Chen, both graduate students in electrical engineering and computer science -- varied this approach.
Jim Robinson of RRE Ventures said it best last month at the Silicon Dragon Conference when comparing Silicon Valley to New York, "There are two kinds of centers that have a lot of startups and technology, there are technology centers and commerce centers." You can create smaller roads, you can create much smaller car parks. H3's "DRONEBOX" is a unique solar-based charging station that enables longer autonomous missions in areas that are typically hostile for humans. Brigadier-General Khalid Nasser Al Razzouqi, Director-General of Smart Services at Dubai Police's department, boasted, "The launch of the world's first operational Robocop is a significant milestone for the Emirate and a step towards realizing Dubai's vision to be a global leader in smart cities technology adoption."