The University of Rochester Medical Center explained that the researchers designed their experiment so that a person's eyes would naturally overshoot the target as they tried to track the visual. As the experiment went on, a healthy person's eyes would adjust to overcome that design and make more precise movements, while people with autism did not -- their eyes kept missing the target. "The inability of the brain to adjust the size of eye movement may not only be a marker for cerebellum dysfunction, but it may also help explain the communication and social interaction deficits that many individuals with [autism spectrum disorder] experience." Doctors might be able to track eye movements to detect the developmental disorder autism, which would help them diagnose the condition earlier.
In a blog post Monday, Microsoft detailed plans for its HoloLens 2 mixed reality headset and confirmed that it would utilize a dedicated coprocessor for AI processing. Competitors like Google, Facebook and Nvidia have also explored including similar processors for AI. The increased investment in AI-tailored hardware speaks to the interest and importance AI now has for tech companies. For a mixed reality device like the HoloLens, the potential applications for AI are similar: AI could help power overlays to give you additional information about things you see or hear in the real world.
Master sword fighter Syrio Forel's wisecrack in the first season of popular TV series, "Game of Thrones," made Miltos Yerolemou's short role -- as Arya Stark's sword instructor -- in the show memorable. We also know which of the characters have already died (61 of them)," the analysis published by Central European University's Center for Network Science (CNS) says. According to CNS, network science is fast emerging as a scientific discipline that examines network links encountered every day as it explains the effect of these interconnections at a larger scale. Audience's love for Jon Snow -- played by Kit Harington -- probably prompted the show makers to revive the character after he was killed by his own men at the Night's Watch.
Autism is characterized by social and communicative difficulties, specific interests that people with autism are capable of speaking about for hours (like meteorological modelling, in Sophie's case), and stereotyped behaviors. To diagnose autism spectrum disorder (ASD), doctors and psychologists evaluate quantitative criteria using tests and questionnaires, but also qualitative criteria, like interests, stereotyped movements, difficulties with eye contact and language and isolation. But while autistic girls show similar test results to autistic boys, the clinical manifestation of their condition differs, at least in cases where language has been acquired. Since September 2016, the Francophone Association of Autistic Women (Association francophone des femmes autistes, or AFFA) has been fighting for recognition of the specific ways autism manifests in women.
Two companies in Norway are working on an autonomous shipping boat that wouldn't need a human crew. Firms Yara International ASA and Kongsberg Gruppen are developing the Yara Birkeland and want to begin test runs with the boat starting in 2018, according to the Wall Street Journal. Within the past few years, self-driving technology has seen massive investment from companies like Tesla and Lyft as they try to be the first to bring fully autonomous cars to consumers. Like with the Birkeland, companies have also explored development for self-driving shipping trucks to bring similar upgrades and cost-savings to businesses.
While the U.S. relaxes drone regulations, the U.K. government announced Saturday users will have to register their unmanned aircrafts and take safety awareness tests. Users will also be required to take a drone safety awareness test to prove they comprehend U.K. safety and privacy rules. The new rules come after a recent study said drones weighing 400 grams could damage windscreens of helicopters. "By registering drones, introducing safety awareness tests to educate users we can reduce the inadvertent breaching of airspace restrictions to protect the public," said Aviation Minister Martin Callanan in released statement.
Traditional robots focused on single, fixed, high-speed operations and required a highly skilled human workforce to operate and maintain them. Industry 4.0 machines are flexible, collaborative and can operate more independently, which ultimately removes the need for a highly skilled workforce. These enable deep learning to be applied to extremely large data sets at extremely fast speeds. It could well be the 22nd century before robots really have the potential to make human labor obsolete by developing not just deep learning but true artificial understanding that mimics human thinking.
Science fiction has regularly dealt with the idea that artificial intelligence (AI) could lead to humanity's end (or at least its near end). In Battlestar Galactica, robots created as servants slowly outgrow their programming and come to the realization that they, not their human creators, should exist. He, of course, did not mention Terminator, Battlestar Galactica, or any other sci-fi doomsday scenario, but he clearly believes one could happen. We should heed Musk's warning and move ahead cautiously.
A team of researchers from the University of Alberta, Canada and tech giant IBM has developed artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms, which can diagnose schizophrenia by studying the blood flow of the brain. The study of the human brain has been a challenging medical field, especially brain related ailments such as Schizophrenia. The team behind the research also aims to employ the algorithm in research for other diseases such as Huntington's disease, and provide a better insight into a brain afflicted with them. The company's AI software called Watson is being employed in genomics research for cancer.
But voices can be recorded, simulated or even imitated, making voice authentication vulnerable to attack. Fortunately, there are automatic speaker verification systems that can detect human imitation. However, those systems can't detect more advanced machine-based attacks, in which an attacker uses a computer and a speaker to simulate or play back recordings of a person's voice. But recall that existing speaker verification methods can catch impersonators, using machine learning techniques that identify whether a speaker is modifying or disguising his or her normal voice.