In March, Musk launched Neuralink, a medical research company that creates brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). A few weeks after Musk announced Neuralink, Facebook said it was developing a way for people to "type" by thought. Last year the U.S. military's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) announced a $60 million program to develop an implantable neural interface. DARPA's goal is to develop a device that can record 1 million neurons simultaneously and stimulate at least 100,000 in the brain.
According to the report, most computer scientists believe the possible threats posed by AI to be "at best uninformed" and those fears "do not align with the most rapidly advancing current research directions of AI as a field." It instead says these existential fears stem from a very particular--and small--part of the field of research called Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), which is defined as an AI that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human can. The report argues we are unlikely to see the reality of an AGI come from the current artificial intelligence research and the concept "has high visibility, disproportionate to its size or present level of success." Musk launched a nonprofit AI research company called OpenAI in 2015 and pledged $1 billion to it, with the intention of developing best practices and helping prevent potentially damaging applications of the technology.