If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Thimm, Matthias (Universität Koblenz-Landau) | Villata, Serena (Laboratoire d'Informatique, Signaux et Systèmes de Sophia-Antipolis (I3S)) | Cerutti, Federico (Cardiff University) | Oren, Nir (University of Aberdeen) | Strass, Hannes (Leipzig University) | Vallati, Mauro (University of Huddersfield)
We review the First International Competition on Computational Models of Argumentation (ICMMA'15). The competition evaluated submitted solvers performance on four different computational tasks related to solving abstract argumentation frameworks. Each task evaluated solvers in ways that pushed the edge of existing performance by introducing new challenges. Despite being the first competition in this area, the high number of competitors entered, and differences in results, suggest that the competition will help shape the landscape of ongoing developments in argumentation theory solvers.
This project continued to evolve and we explored the design space of a contextual software command recommender system and completed a six-week user study (Li et al. We then expanded the scope of our project by implementing CommunityCommands, a fully functional and deployable recommender system. During a one-year period, the recommender system was used by more than 1100 users. We also present our system usage data and payoff, and provide an in-depth discussion of the challenges and design issues associated with developing and deploying the software command recommender system.
Stuckey, Peter J. (National ICT Australia and the University of Melbourne) | Feydy, Thibaut (National ICT Australia and the University of Melbourne) | Schutt, Andreas (National ICT Australia and the University of Melbourne) | Tack, Guido (National ICT Australia and Monash University) | Fischer, Julien (Opturion)
MiniZinc is a solver agnostic modeling language for defining and solver combinatorial satisfaction and optimization problems. MiniZinc provides a solver independent modeling language which is now supported by constraint programming solvers, mixed integer programming solvers, SAT and SAT modulo theory solvers, and hybrid solvers. Since 2008 we have run the MiniZinc challenge every year, which compares and contrasts the different strengths of different solvers and solving technologies on a set of MiniZinc models. Here we report on what we have learnt from running the competition for 6 years.
We describe a constraint-based timetabling system that was developed for the dental school based at Cork University Hospital in Ireland. Dental school timetabling differs from other university course scheduling in that certain clinic sessions can be used by multiple courses at the same time, provided a limit on room capacity is satisfied. Solutions for the years 2010, 2011 and 2012 have been used in the dental school, replacing a manual timetabling process, which could no longer cope with increasing student numbers and resulting resource bottlenecks. The use of the automated system allowed the dental school to increase the number of students enrolled to the maximum possible given the available resources.
This article gives an introduction to agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS). After a general discussion about modeling and simulation, we address the basic concept of ABMS, focusing on its generative and bottom-up nature, its advantages as well as its pitfalls. The subsequent part of the article deals with application-oriented aspects, including selected tools and well-known applications. In order to illustrate the benefits of using ABMS, we focus on several aspects of a well-known area related to simulation of complex systems, namely traffic.
Turn-taking is a fundamental part of human communication. Our goal is to devise a turn-taking framework for human-robot interaction that, like the human skill, represents something fundamental about interaction, generic to context or domain. We propose a model of turn-taking, and conduct an experiment with human subjects to inform this model. Our findings from this study suggest that information flow is an integral part of human floor-passing behavior.
Requirements engineering in large-scaled industrial, government, and international projects can be a highly complex process involving thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of potentially distributed stakeholders. As a result, many human intensive tasks in requirements elicitation, analysis, and management processes can be augmented and supported through the use of recommender system and machine learning techniques. In this article we describe several areas in which recommendation technologies have been applied to the requirements engineering domain, namely stakeholder identification, domain analysis, requirements elicitation, and decision support across several requirements analysis and prioritization tasks. We also highlight ongoing challenges and opportunities for applying recommender systems in the requirements engineering domain.
It's an aspect of normal human intelligence, not a special faculty granted to a tiny elite. There are three forms: combinational, exploratory, and transformational. Whether computers could "really" be creative isn't a scientific question but a philosophical one, to which there's no clear answer. But we do have the beginnings of a scientific understanding of creativity.