Results



Whither AI: Identity Challenges of 1993-95

AI Magazine

The 1993-95 period presented various "identity challenges" to the field of AI and to AAAI as a leading scientific society for the field. The euphoric days of the mid-1980s AI boom were over, various expectations of those times had not been met, and there was continuing concern about an AI "winter." The major challenge of these years was to chart a path for AI, designed and endorsed by the broadest spectrum of AI researchers, that built on past progress, explained AI's capacity for addressing fundamentally important intellectual problems and realistically predicted its potential to contribute to technological challenges of the coming decade. This reflection piece considers these challenges and the ways in which AAAI helped the field to move forward.


Planning and Acting Together

AI Magazine

People often act together with a shared purpose; they collaborate. Collaboration enables them to work more efficiently and to complete activities they could not accomplish individually. An increasing number of computer applications also require collaboration among various systems and people. Thus, a major challenge for AI researchers is to determine how to construct computer systems that are able to act effectively as partners in collaborative activity. Collaborative activity entails participants forming commitments to achieve the goals of the group activity and requires group decision making and group planning procedures. In addition, agents must be committed to supporting the activities of their fellow participants in support of the group activity. Furthermore, when conflicts arise (for example, from resource bounds), participants must weigh their commitments to various group activities against those for individual activities. This article briefly reviews the major features of one model of collaborative planning called SHARED-PLANS (Grosz and Kraus 1999, 1996). It describes several current efforts to develop collaborative planning agents and systems for human-computer communication based on this model. Finally, it discusses empirical research aimed at determining effective commitment strategies in the SHAREDPLANS context.


Collaborative Systems (AAAI-94 Presidential Address)

AI Magazine

From the scientific perspective, the development of theories and mechanisms to enable building collaborative systems presents exciting research challenges across AI subfields. From the applications perspective, the capability to collaborate with users and other systems is essential if large-scale information systems of the future are to assist users in finding the information they need and solving the problems they have. Key features of collaborative activity are described, the scientific base provided by recent AI research is discussed, and several of the research challenges posed by collaboration are presented. It is further argued that research on, and the development of, collaborative systems should itself be a collaborative endeavor -- within AI, across subfields of computer science, and with researchers in other fields.


Collaborative Systems (AAAI-94 Presidential Address)

AI Magazine

The construction of computer systems that are intelligent, collaborative problem-solving partners is an important goal for both the science of AI and its application. From the scientific perspective, the development of theories and mechanisms to enable building collaborative systems presents exciting research challenges across AI subfields. From the applications perspective, the capability to collaborate with users and other systems is essential if large-scale information systems of the future are to assist users in finding the information they need and solving the problems they have. In this address, it is argued that collaboration must be designed into systems from the start; it cannot be patched on. Key features of collaborative activity are described, the scientific base provided by recent AI research is discussed, and several of the research challenges posed by collaboration are presented. It is further argued that research on, and the development of, collaborative systems should itself be a collaborative endeavor -- within AI, across subfields of computer science, and with researchers in other fields.


Member's Forum

AI Magazine

The AAAI conference's conservative style, a plan to revitalize the AAAI conference, and attendance at the AAAI business meeting.