If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
A formal description is given of GT 4, a revised and extended version of the Graph Traverser. Methods are described whereby GT4 can improve its performance at run time (a) by automatic optimization of parameters used by the evaluation function and (b) by dynamic reordering of operators. Neither method depends upon there being any successful searches in the program's past experience of a given problem. The essential feasibility of both approaches has been validated in experimental tests using sliding block puzzles. Two planned extensions, 'local smoothing' and'regionalization' are described.
The RNA secondary structure prediction problem (2 RNA) is a critical one in molecular biology. Secondary structure can be determined directly by x-ray diffraction, but this is difficult, slow, and expensive. Moreover, it is currently impossible to crystallize most RNAs. Mathematical models for prediction have therefore been developed and these have led to serial (and some parallel) computer algorithms, but these too are expensive in terms of computation time. The general solution has asymptotic running time exponential in N (i.e., proportional to 2 N), where N is the length of the RNA sequence.