If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Abstract: Hearings held in the United States House of Re presentatives in December 1998 on the articles of I mpeachment of President Clinton presented an unusual oPPortunity to observe real-time argumentation. On December 18 and 19, 1998 the United States House of Repr esentatives held hearings on the impeachment of President Clinton. In them, debate was heard on four articles of impeachment presented to the House from its Committee on the Judiciary, as House Resolution 611 (1ĪR6 1). The debate centered on whether the President's actions and alleged perjury grand in the Paula Jones deposition, the Ken Starr jury inquiry, and in written interrogatories for the Judiciary Committee, were impeachable offenses under the of "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and standard misd emeanors" given in the United States Constitution, Article II, Section 4. Members of the House were allocated time in which to The time allotted to each side was strictly controlled and rationed out. For instance, of the 42 speeches made in the last hour of debate, 31 were under n I. linute.
The understanding of intelligence that has arisen from Al research can be applied to education to significantly enhance learning. The LOGO project, described herein, is based on this premise. Extensions of the LOGO experience are proposed that are based on Al in interesting ways. One extension is to encourage children to write simple AI programs. Tools to aid the child in this endeavor are discussed.
Avron Barr Heuristic Programming Project Stanford University In Al knowledge representation schemes, structures that describe other structure:: are said to represent "metaknowledge." Knowledge about other knowledge can be either about the form of the representation scheme itself (e.g., its syntax) or about the "facts" that are represented (their origin, reliability, Importance, etc.). After reviewing the use of explicit metaknowledge In several systems, some studies of human behavior that Indicate people's ability to reason about what they know and about how they reason are described. The concept of meta-level knowledge captures intrinsic, commonplace properties of human cognition that are central to an understanding of memory and Intelligence. The use of metaknowledge In Al systems like MYCIN, which have reached humanexpert-level performance In complex domains, Is a key breakthrough In the design of "knowledge-based" Intelligent systems.