If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Netherlands-based data intelligence company SciSports is hoping to change world football through data, motion tracking and machine learning. Using data and machine learning, the company produces a "SciSkill Index" – an objective ranking of current ability, potential and influence of thousands of footballers across hundreds of different competitions around the world. The score is determined by the SciSports' existing data library and from 3D data collected from stadium cameras, which converts movements in practice or during the match into useful information in real time. "It is the first system that allows you to compare James Troisi with Neymar and check if Milos Degenek has the potential to become as good as David Luiz," a company spokesperson told Which-50. "This will enable clubs to increase their scouting scope, decrease their risk of signing the wrong player and enlarge the change of finding the right talent."
What do these very diverse businesses have in common? They have one thing in common. They were once thriving business that are now either going out of business or have gone out of business. There are many reasons why a once prosperous business wakes up to find out that they no longer exist. But one of the recurring themes that is common to many business that go out of business is that – over time – they did not listen to their customer.
Soft robotics has made leaps and bounds over the last decade as researchers around the world have experimented with different materials and designs to allow once rigid, jerky machines to bend and flex in ways that mimic and can interact more naturally with living organisms. However, increased flexibility and dexterity has a trade-off of reduced strength, as softer materials are generally not as strong or resilient as inflexible ones, which limits their use.
Real time autonomous motion planning and navigation is hard, especially when we care about safety. This becomes even more difficult when we have systems with complicated dynamics, external disturbances (like wind), and a priori unknown environments. Our goal in this work is to "robustify" existing real-time motion planners to guarantee safety during navigation of dynamic systems. In control theory there are techniques like Hamilton-Jacobi Reachability Analysis that provide rigorous safety guarantees of system behavior, along with an optimal controller to reach a given goal (see Figure 1). However, in general the computational methods used in HJ Reachability Analysis are only tractable in decomposable and/or low-dimensional systems; this is due to the "curse of dimensionality."
Second, this study only investigated the chances that birth control increases one's risk of breast cancer. But birth control does other things, too: The pill seems to lower the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancers, for example. If taking hormonal contraceptives comes with a slight uptick in breast cancer risk and a slight downtick in other cancer risks, that might be an even trade. And not for nothing, hormonal contraception also does a pretty spectacular job at lowering the risk of another major health problem for women: unplanned pregnancy. Medicine should not be assessed only by its rare side effects.