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Artificial intelligence

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Deep learning[133] uses several layers of neurons between the network's inputs and outputs. The multiple layers can progressively extract higher-level features from the raw input. For example, in image processing, lower layers may identify edges, while higher layers may identify the concepts relevant to a human such as digits or letters or faces.[134] Deep learning has drastically improved the performance of programs in many important subfields of artificial intelligence, including computer vision, speech recognition, image classification[135] and others. Deep learning often uses convolutional neural networks for many or all of its layers.


Strange Martian rock reveals Mars' wildly different past

Mashable

Mars used to be a wildly different land. Though the red planet is bone dry today, NASA's Curiosity rover recently rumbled by poignant evidence of an ancient watery world. The car-sized robot snapped an image of a unique rock that looks like its composed of stacked layers. Such a rock likely formed "in an ancient streambed or small pond," the space agency wrote. Curiosity is winding up through the foothills of the three-mile-tall Mount Sharp, where it's encountering a place where these streams and ponds once carried red sediments through the landscape.


Juul Survives a Blow From the FDA--for Now

WIRED

Can you Currently buy a Juul e-cigarette? That depends on what day of the week it is. Earlier this week the FDA denied marketing authorization for Juul, which first started selling its e-cigarettes in 2015 (though it has operated under various company names since 2007). The FDA said the reason for the denial was that Juul "failed to provide sufficient toxicology data to demonstrate the products were safe," ArsTechnica reports, and as such the agency could not complete its toxicology assessment. The FDA specifically pointed to "potentially harmful chemicals leaching from the company's proprietary e-liquid pods" as a concern.


Top tweets: NASA's Modular Robotic Vehicle (MRV) and more

#artificialintelligence

Verdict lists five of the top tweets on robotics in Q1 2022 based on data from GlobalData's Technology Influencer Platform. The top tweets are based on total engagements (likes and retweets) received on tweets from more than 380 robotics experts tracked by GlobalData's Technology Influencer platform during the first quarter (Q1) of 2022. Massimo, an engineer, shared an article on the NASA Johnson Space Centre building the MRV in collaboration with an automotive partner. The fully electric vehicle is being regarded as suitable for busy urban environments, large resort areas, and industrial complexes, the article detailed. The MRV has no mechanical connections to the steering, propulsion, or brake actuators.


Video game industry on the end of Roe: I'm 'not proud to be an American'

Washington Post - Technology News

Shortly after Twitch personality Ali "Myth" Kabbani booted up his live stream on Friday, he crossed his arms and turned to the camera on his desk in Los Angeles. "By the way, chat, Roe v. Wade was overturned. This is a tragic f------ 'L' for America, once again," said Kabbani, who boasts more than 7.4 million followers on Twitch. "It's all going to come down to your local government or your state government now." Friday morning, the Supreme Court overturned the nearly 50 year precedent set by Roe v. Wade.


Global Big Data Conference

#artificialintelligence

FROM CYBER OPERATIONS to disinformation, artificial intelligence extends the reach of national security threats that can target individuals and whole societies with precision, speed, and scale. As the US competes to stay ahead, the intelligence community is grappling with the fits and starts of the impending revolution brought on by AI. The US intelligence community has launched initiatives to grapple with AI's implications and ethical uses, and analysts have begun to conceptualize how AI will revolutionize their discipline, yet these approaches and other practical applications of such technologies by the IC have been largely fragmented. As experts sound the alarm that the US is not prepared to defend itself against AI by its strategic rival, China, Congress has called for the IC to produce a plan for integration of such technologies into workflows to create an "AI digital ecosystem" in the 2022 Intelligence Authorization Act. The term AI is used for a group of technologies that solve problems or perform tasks that mimic humanlike perception, cognition, learning, planning, communication, or actions.


Closing the Gender Data Gap in AI

#artificialintelligence

The first computer algorithm is said to have been written in the early 1840s, for the prototype of the Analytical Engine. Ada Lovelace, a mathematician dubbed a "female genius" in her posthumous biography. As the field of computing developed over the next century following Lovelace's death, the typing work involved in creating computer programs was seen as "women's work," a role viewed as akin to switchboard operator or secretary. Women wrote the software, while men made the hardware -- the latter seen, at the time, as the more prestigious of the two tasks. And, during the Space Race of the 1950s and '60s, three Black women, known as "human computers," broke gender and racial barriers to help NASA send the first men into orbit.


Military AI speeds up human decision-making - Military Embedded Systems

#artificialintelligence

Imagining military artificial intelligence (AI) applications can make one dream up scenarios like those in the Terminator films, but in reality, AI solutions for defense are much more mundane and focused on improving decision-making for humans, whether they're aircraft maintenance personnel; pilots; or intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) analysts, says John Canipe, Director of Business Development, Air Force, at SparkCognition Government Systems, during a conversation we had at his company headquarters in Austin, Texas. We also discussed the difference between AI and machine learning (ML), how AI is being applied across multiple military domains, and more. MCHALE: Please provide a brief description of your responsibility within SparkCognition Government Systems and your group's role within the company. CANIPE: As Director of Business Development, Air Force, my current responsibilities are product development, capture management, price/licensing of products, and generating new and recurring sales. MCHALE: We often see AI/ML [artificial intelligence/machine learning] in the same sentence, or used to describe the same thing, but what is the actual difference between AI and ML? CANIPE: Differentiating AI from ML is a struggle everyone is having right now.


The Power and Pitfalls of AI for U.S. Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

From cyber operations to disinformation, artificial intelligence extends the reach of national security threats that can target individuals and whole societies with precision, speed, and scale. As the U.S. competes to stay ahead, the intelligence community is grappling with the fits and starts of the impending revolution brought on by AI. The U.S. intelligence community has launched initiatives to grapple with AI's implications and ethical uses, and analysts have begun to conceptualize how AI will revolutionize their discipline, yet these approaches and other practical applications of such technologies by the IC have been largely fragmented. As experts sound the alarm that the U.S. is not prepared to defend itself against AI by its strategic rival, China, Congress has called for the IC to produce a plan for integration of such technologies into workflows to create an "AI digital ecosystem" in the 2022 Intelligence Authorization Act.


Supreme Court shoots down NY rule that set high bar for concealed handgun licenses

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on Foxnews.com. The Supreme Court Thursday ruled 6-3 that New York's regulations that made it difficult to obtain a license to carry a concealed handgun were unconstitutionally restrictive, and that it should be easier to obtain such a license. The existing standard required an applicant to show "proper cause" for seeking a license, and allowed New York officials to exercise discretion in determining whether a person has shown a good enough reason for needing to carry a firearm. Stating that one wished to protect themselves or their property was not enough.