According to Prof Dame Ottoline Leyser, who co-chairs the Royal Society's science policy advisory group, human flourishing should be the key to how intelligent systems governed. The report calls for a new body to ensure intelligent machines serve people rather than control them. The report calls for safeguards to prioritise the interests of humans over machines. It suggests a "stewardship body" of experts and interested parties should build an ethical framework for the development of artificial intelligence technologies.
"We have chosen it to work specifically in this type of environment, where bigger vehicles are not allowed," said Graeme Smith, chief executive of robotics company Oxbotica, which developed the vehicle. The CargoPod trial was part of a broader £8m research project into driverless technology, using the Greenwich area as a test location. Chief executive Paul Clark said driverless delivery was "a natural stage in the progression of our transport technologies". While Amazon is developing a drone delivery service, Ocado had no immediate plans to follow suit, Mr Clark said.
The measure forms part of a government push to increase the number of electric vehicles on UK roads. The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill also contains plans to push driverless car technology. But, he added: "Legislation enabling driverless cars doesn't mean that there will be a universal buy-in overnight. Official government research suggests that the market for automated vehicles in the UK will be worth £28bn by 2035.
What are the parties vying for power in the general election saying on the subject? Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) - a field of computer science in which machines are taught to carry out tasks that require human traits of thought or intelligence - have led some to predict a knock-on catastrophe for jobs. Up to 46% of jobs in Scotland could be at risk within the next decade, the Institute for Public Policy Research Scotland recently claimed. This time around machines are coming for our cognitive jobs," said Mr Chace.
However, the Lords Science and Technology Committee noted that some technology could reduce accidents caused by human error. Level 0 is a vehicle with no automation, while level 5 is fully automated. There is a "very dangerous" problem that lies with vehicles on the midway point of this scale, peers on the Lords Science and Technology Committee said. The risk that the vehicle may need to hand back control to an unprepared driver in an emergency may be "too great to tolerate", the Lords Science and Technology Committee said.
US chipmaker Intel is taking a big bet on driverless cars with a $15.3bn (£12.5bn) Intel will pay $63.54 a share in cash for the Israeli company, which develops "autonomous driving" systems. Mobileye and Intel are already working together, along with German carmaker BMW, to put 40 test vehicles on the road in the second half of this year. Technology companies are racing to launch driverless cars. Google has also done extensive development of driverless cars.
I booked Betty through recently launched car sharing app Turo, which is aiming to bring an Airbnb vibe to the world of wheels. Richard Laughton, chief executive of easyCar Club, which launched in 2014, says: "We provide owners with lockboxes they can attach somewhere outside their house, and send a one-use pin to the renter to take the key out, and put it back at the end." Next year easyCar Club will try out unlocking cars by mobile app, he says. Car sharing may worry public authorities less than house sharing.