If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
"I would prefer that there would be rules so we wouldn't be guessing what was allowed and what wasn't allowed," said Roger Matus, of Boston artificial intelligence software startup Neurala Inc. Simulations can't capture all the unpredictable conditions of traveling down a city street, he said. "Those are the things that need to be tested in order to make self-driving cars work right." Massachusetts is heeding the concerns of researchers and auto industry companies with a two-pronged approach, said Katie Stebbins, the state's assistant secretary of innovation, technology and entrepreneurship. The other is to open up the former Fort Devens as a fake city for self-driving cars based on similar sites near the University of Michigan and at a former naval weapons base in California.
Last year, he and some friends dropped out of the University of Waterloo and started Varden Labs, an automated vehicle startup based out of a rented house just north of San Jose. It doesn't go very fast and, therefore, doesn't have to predict how it will drive very far down the road, unlike Google cars cruising at highway speeds. But these days, as some of the key pieces of technology have dropped in price and investor interest has soared, even a few college dropouts can get one on the road. Varden said they had to steer clear of Facebook's founding mantra, "Move fast and break things".
The bill being promoted by Mike Gatto, who represents several communities in and near Los Angeles, would allow Google and others to test vehicles on public streets without a steering wheel, brake pedal or human safety driver. Gatto has received contributions from Google and Ford, which is also testing driverless car technology in California, according to state campaign finance records. "We are competing with business-friendly states like Texas," said assembly member Ling Ling Chang, who introduced a separate bill that would oblige California to consider autonomous vehicle recommendations from federal transport agencies. Gatto's bill, AB2866, would permit the testing of vehicles without a steering wheel, brake pedal or accelerator, and even without a human inside at all.