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If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
In smartphones, "AI" is often used to enhance the look and quality of your photos. Qualcomm said that it's going even further, using AI to improve the cellular performance and coverage of your 5G smartphone as well. Specifically, Qualcomm claims that it's building AI capabilities into its modems to improve their signal coverage, further refining the range of all the radios connected to the device, including 4G and 5G. The AI technology will be included in the Snapdragon X70 modem that should ship this year and appear in smartphones in 2023. Qualcomm used the occasion of its 5G Summit to make the announcements, many of which are designed to improve the performance of the short-range, high-speed millimeter-wave (mmWave) technology.
Qualcomm, one of the world's leading 5G inventors, has introduced its newest modem technology, codenamed Snapdragon X70 at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain. According to Qualcomm, the Snapdragon X70 5G Modem-RF (Radio Front End) system also uses AI and machine learning to provide "breakthrough 5G speeds, coverage, low latency, and battery economy," according to Qualcomm. Qualcomm also unveiled an extended range of 5G Open RAN (Radio Access Networks) solutions. Client devices will soon benefit from a variety of AI-optimized performance advancements that are important for unleashing the full potential of 5G cellular connection in the years ahead. Qualcomm is presenting the Snapdragon X70 today, claiming it to be the world's first 5G AI processor in a modem-RF combination.
Over the past few years, Qualcomm has announced 5G modems that have consistently pushed download speeds to new heights, culminating with the X65 in 2021, the company's first 10-gigabit 5G modem. In 2022, the company is taking a different tack. The X70, its latest modem, is fast, but it's also more consistent and power-efficient, and it's all thanks to AI. The X70 isn't the first Qualcomm modem to use a machine learning algorithm to improve performance. Last year, the company leveraged the technology to make its X65 modem better at adapting its antenna tuning to changing hand grips.
Qualcomm on Monday unveiled the latest generation of its 5G modem-RF system, the Snapdragon X70 -- the first-ever modem-to-antenna 5G system with an integrated AI processor. With the addition of AI, the modem can help 5G devices offer higher speeds, better coverage and latency, and better power efficiency. "I do see AI as an inflection point in terms of what's possible next because this puts you on a new trajectory for better 5G performance and user experience," Nitin Dhiman, Qualcomm's director of 5G product marketing, said to ZDNet. "Similar to what AI has done for cameras, for audio, for sound -- now it will be able to do for 5G as well." The new AI-powered 5G modem is one of several connectivity announcements Qualcomm is making this week during the Mobile World Congress (MWC).
On Wednesday, Qualcomm launched the Snapdragon 8cx Gen 3 processor platform for PCs, claiming that the chip will offer up to 85 percent more performance than the prior generation. That's good, given that the pandemic severely undercut the value proposition of Snapdragon-powered PCs--long battery life and always-on mobile connectivity--as office work life moved to the home office desk and couch. Qualcomm's Snapdragon 8cx Gen 2 arrived this past spring at about the performance of the original Microsoft Surface Laptop, though with substantially higher graphics chops. Qualcomm's aggressive performance predictions about the Snapdragon 8cx Gen 3 are based on its new process shrink--from 7nm in the Gen 2 to a new, aggressive 5nm node in Gen 3. In all, Qualcomm believes that the chip will offer 85 percent more CPU performance than the prior generation, and 60 percent additional GPU performance. "We focused on really driving these features and capabilities in the mainstream PC segment," said Miguel Nunes, vice president of product management for Qualcomm, in a briefing with reporters.
A British-built robot that uses artificial intelligence and a mechanical arm to create art has been released by customs officials in Egypt ahead of an exhibition this week. Ai-Da, named after the mathematician Ada Lovelace, was seized by officials earlier this month over concerns "her" machinery could contain espionage tools. The device was held for 10 days as the British embassy worked with Cairo on the matter. "The Embassy is glad to see that Ai-Da the artist robot has now been cleared through customs," the UK's embassy in Cairo said in a statement. "Customs clearance procedures can be lengthy, and are required before importation of any artworks or IT equipment."
She has been described as "a vision of the future" who is every bit as good as other abstract artists today, but Ai-Da – the world's first ultra-realistic robot artist – hit a temporary snag before her latest exhibition when Egyptian security forces detained her at customs. Ai-Da is due to open and present her work at the Great Pyramid of Giza on Thursday, the first time contemporary art has been allowed next to the pyramid in thousands of years. But because of "security issues" that may include concerns that she is part of a wider espionage plot, both Ai-Da and her sculpture were held in Egyptian customs for 10 days before being released on Wednesday, sparking a diplomatic fracas. "The British ambassador has been working through the night to get Ai-Da released, but we're right up to the wire now," said Aidan Meller, the human force behind Ai-Da, shortly before her release. According to Meller, border guards detained Ai-Da at first because she had a modem, and then because she had cameras in her eyes (which she uses to draw and paint).
The robotic artist known as Ai-Da was scheduled to display her artwork alongside the great pyramids of Egypt on Thursday, though the show was nearly called off after both the robot and her human sculptor, Aidan Meller, were detained by Egyptian authorities for a week and a half until they could confirm that the artist was actually a spy. The incident began when border guards objected over Ai-da's camera eyes, which it uses in its creative process, and its on-board modem. "I can ditch the modems, but I can't really gouge her eyes out," Meller told The Guardian. The robot artist, which was built in 2019, typically travels via specialized cargo case and was held at the border until clearing customs on Wednesday evening, hours before the exhibit was scheduled to begin. "The British ambassador has been working through the night to get Ai-Da released, but we're right up to the wire now," Meller said, just before Ai-Da was sprung from robo-jail.
Qualcomm just reached a milestone in wireless data -- if mostly a symbolic one. The company has unveiled the X65, what it says is the "world's first" 10-gigabit 5G modem. While that's not hugely faster than the 7.5Gbps of the X60, it promises a speed that was previously reserved for Ethernet and other wired connections. The X65 also boasts some helpful functional improvements, including AI-based antenna tuning that better responds to hand grips. You'll also find better power-saving measures and a newer "Smart Transmit" system that boots upload speeds and overall coverage.
Artificial intelligence (AI) was centre stage at the World Economic Forum in China. At least 20 of the 56 companies selected for the organisation's Technology Pioneers programme are using AI in some way with applications ranging from autonomous vehicles to advertising technology. A branch of AI, machine learning, is dedicated to the ability of a machine to learn something without having to be programmed for that specific thing. It enables computers to improve their performance automatically over time by being fed data and information in the form of observations and real-world interactions – like a toddler learning about the world around them. Answering whether the animal in a photo is a cat or a dog, spotting obstacles in front of a self-driving car, spam mail detection, and speech recognition of a YouTube video to generate captions are just a few examples out of a plethora of predictive machine learning models.