"Many researchers … speculate that the information-processing abilities of biological neural systems must follow from highly parallel processes operating on representations that are distributed over many neurons. [Artificial neural networks] capture this kind of highly parallel computation based on distributed representations"
– from Machine Learning (Section 4.1.1; page 82) by Tom M. Mitchell, McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. (1997).
Deep learning, an advanced machine-learning technique, uses layered (hence "deep") neural networks (neural nets) that are loosely modelled on the human brain. Machine learning itself is a subset of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and is broadly about teaching a computer how to spot patterns and use mountains of data to make connections without any programming to accomplish the specific task--a recommendation engine being a good example. Neural nets, on their part, enable image recognition, speech recognition, self-driving cars and smarthome automation devices, among other things. However, the success of deep learning is primarily dependent on the availability of huge data sets on which these neural nets can be trained, coupled with a lot of computing power, memory and energy to function. To address this issue, says a 14 November press release, researchers at the University of Waterloo, Canada, took a cue from nature to make this process more efficient, thus making deep-learning software compact enough to fit on mobile computer chips for use in everything from smartphones to industrial robots.
Governor Andrew Cuomo of the State of New York declared last month that New York City will join 13 other states in testing self-driving cars: "Autonomous vehicles have the potential to save time and save lives, and we are proud to be working with GM and Cruise on the future of this exciting new technology." For General Motors, this represents a major milestone in the development of its Cruise software, since the the knowledge gained on Manhattan's busy streets will be invaluable in accelerating its deep learning technology. In the spirit of one-upmanship, Waymo went one step further by declaring this week that it will be the first car company in the world to ferry passengers completely autonomously (without human engineers safeguarding the wheel). As unmanned systems are speeding ahead toward consumer adoption, one challenge that Cruise, Waymo and others may counter within the busy canyons of urban centers is the loss of Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite data. Robots require a complex suite of coordinating data systems that bounce between orbiting satellites to provide positioning and communication links to accurately navigate our world.
In March 2016, Google's Alphago artificial intelligence (AI) program stunned the world by beating the human world champion Go player in front of 200 million spectators. This was living proof of the potential in AI technology and the level of maturity reached by neural network and deep learning technologies. Those astounded by the success included quite a few engineers and managers who have been leading the AI revolution in the world in recent years. One of these was Intel VP Naveen Rao, general manager of the company's Artificial Intelligence Products Group, which was founded last year. "When I studied at college in the 1990s, we regarded artificial intelligence as'creative work'," Rao relates.
Continued from: "Advanced image sensors take automotive vision beyond 20/20." And there are many others now in the race to process all of that vehicle sensor data. Among them, Toshiba has been evolving its Visconti line of image recognition processors in parallel with increasingly demanding European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) requirements. Starting in 2014, the Euro NCAP began rating vehicles based on active safety technologies such as lane departure warning (LDW), lane keep assist (LKA), and autonomous emergency braking (AEB). These requirements extended to daytime pedestrian AEB and speed assist systems (SAS) in 2016.
Artificial intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning are more than futuristic concepts. These technologies are impacting the insurance industry in a significant way right now and this impact is likely to increase in the near future. The idea of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and Deep Learning (DL) may fascinate consumers who enjoy talking to their digital while admiring a Nest thermostat. But for the insurance industry, these terms are business-changers that affect products and services offered and interactions with consumers and other industry partners. The definitions of these terms may be a bit confusing to the uninitiated (see sidebar).
After announcing plans this month to supply self-driving vehicles for Lyft's ride-hailing network, the autonomous tech developer has scored financial backing from Southeast Asian rideshare powerhouse Grab and plans to expand into Singapore. Singapore office will study that market as a potential place to deploy vehicles equipped with its software and self-driving hardware kits in government and business fleets, Tandon said. Amid the rush by auto and tech firms to perfect robotic vehicles, Tandon and his co-founders, who were all researchers from Stanford University's Artificial Intelligence Lab, founded Drive.ai to specialize in deep learning-based driving software for business, government and shared vehicle fleets. Small relative to well-funded programs at Waymo, General Motors' Cruise, Uber's Advanced Technology Vehicle Group and Ford's Argo AI, Mountain View, California-based Drive.ai has made quick progress.
Facebook seems to have a strategy of leveraging its capabilities in social marketing, AR & VR and interestingly, who would have thought of it, leveraging its advanced AI and deep learning capabilities to support the development of autonomous vehicles. Potential car buyers spend anywhere between 30 to 50 minutes every day on Facebook and that has helped the social business make significant inroads in digital prospecting and omni-channel commerce. Facebook believes that car companies are focusing more on the connected car, rather than the connected consumer. With every new customer car buying journey now beginning online, it is possible through Facebook's huge data on a customer's social behavior, to make that experience personalized and completely customized.
Dr. Weng-Keen Wong from the NSF echoed much the same distinction between the specific and general case algorithm during his talk "Research in Deep Learning: A Perspective From NSF" and was also mentioned by Nvidia's Dale Southard during the disruptive technology panel. Tim Barr's (Cray) "Perspectives on HPC-Enabled AI" showed how Cray's HPC technologies can be leveraged for Machine and Deep Learning for vision, speech and language. Fresh off their integration of SGI technology into their technology stack, the talk not only highlighted the newer software platforms which the learning systems leverage, but demonstrated that HPE's portfolio of systems and experience in both HPC and hyper scale environments is impressive indeed. Stand-alone image recognition is really cool, but as expounded upon above, the true benefit from deep learning is having an integrated workflow where data sources are ingested by a general purpose deep learning platform with outcomes that benefit business, industry and academia.
The effort shows how low-cost drones and robotic systems--combined with rapid advances in machine learning--are making it possible to automate whole sectors of low-skill work. Avitas uses drones, wheeled robots, and autonomous underwater vehicles to collect images required for inspection from oil refineries, gas pipelines, coolant towers, and other equipment. Nvidia's system employs deep learning, an approach that involves training a very large simulated neural network to recognize patterns in data, and which has proven especially good for image processing. It is possible, for example, to train a deep neural network to automatically identify faults in a power line by feeding in thousands of previous examples.
We are in the crawling stages of Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning. So everyone is aware, Deep Learning is a subset of Machine Learning, and Machine Learning is a subset of Artificial Intelligence. Companies like Tesla, Uber, and Google are using Deep Learning to make self driving vehicles a reality. We hope you like the Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning quotes.