The research, which Carbon Black says looked "Beyond the Hype" found that the roles of AI and ML in preventing cyber-attacks have been met with both hope and skepticism. The vast majority (93 percent) of the 400 security researchers interviewed while conducting this research said non-malware attacks pose more of a business risk than commodity malware attacks, and more importantly that these are often not stopped by traditional anti-virus offerings. Mike Viscuso, co-founder and CTO of Carbon Black told SC Media UK: "Researchers have reported seeing an increase in the number, and sophistication, of non-malware attacks. These attacks are specifically designed to evade file-based prevention mechanisms and leverage native operating system tools to keep attackers under the radar." One respondent explained: "Most users seem to be familiar with the idea that their computer or network may have accidentally become infected with a virus, but rarely consider a person who is actually attacking them in a more proactive and targeted manner."