If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
The medevac choppers made famous by M*A*S*H are set for a radical upgrade. An Israeli firm has carried out the first simulated mission using a self flying helicopter designed to fly casualties off the battlefield. The mission, for the Israel Defence Forces, saw an'injured' mannequin loaded onto the $14 million Cormorant UAV, and monitored remotely using sensors and a video link during the flight. The Cormorant has enough strength to carry 1,000 pounds per 30 miles, which means it can haul about 13,000 pounds in a full day. The craft flies itself using an array of laser altimeters, radars and sensors, and it is capable of reaching speeds of 100 knots (115 mph) and operate at altitudes of up to 18,000 feet.
From the first mass produced cars to passenger aircraft breaking the sound barrier, there have been numerous advances within the area of transportation that have had a profound effect on the way in which we approach travel and transport. However, the latest technological advance to begin to revolutionize transportation may come to dwarf any and all that arrived before it. And its uses are many. In this article, we'll being looking at a few examples of artificial intelligence within transportation and how it is helping to meet several of the most common and persistent challenges in this area. There are several challenges that are persistent throughout the transportation industry and that have plagued this sector ever since its inception.
The federal government is finally embracing drones. This week, the FAA endorsed 10 pilot projects that will see UAVs delivering medicine, inspecting infrastructure, monitor the border, and more. "This tech is developing so rapidly that our country is reaching a tipping point," said Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao, when announcing the trials. Depending on the results, the little buzzers could become even more common than the mosquitos some of them are being programmed to help eradicate. So it's natural for drone operators to start thinking ahead to the next big leap: carrying people.
Science fiction movies (think, for instance, "Blade Runner") often depict cities of the future where the sky is a maze of invisible roads, chock-a-bloc with aerial vehicles that sometimes drive themselves. But unless you have been living like a hermit, cut off from the world, you would know that sort of a scenario is not entirely in the realm of fiction any more. While companies like Tesla, Uber and Waymo (among many others) have already been testing cars that drive themselves, there are others, including Airbus, Boeing and Toyota, who are working on flying cars. Even NASA is onboard with this vision for the future, and has an Urban Air Mobility (UAM) research team working toward this goal, which the agency calls "a safe and efficient air transportation system where everything from small package delivery drones to passenger-carrying air taxis operate over populated areas, from small towns to the largest cities." While a lot more research needs to be done to create the necessary technology that is both safe and efficient, not to mention the framing of rules and regulations to govern its use, it is certainly not just a pipedream.
Like many cliches, "flying under the radar" has a literal, real-world history. As the new object-detection technology proliferated in the years after World War II, military pilots knew it had trouble seeing things at low altitudes, where buildings and hills severely limit its range. And so pilots would hug the terrain, flying beneath the radio waves that would detect their presence. For the most part, that low-level limitation has been tolerable (unless, of course, you were the target of the aerial attack in question), and hasn't slowed the growth or hurt the safety record of the airline industry that came to rely on the systems for safe passage through crowded airspace. But aviation is bracing for a variety of twists and turns that will change what flies where--and how we look at it.
Fascinating footage has been released of a robot's-eye-view of a driverless vehicle trial at Heathrow Airport, side-by-side with how a human driver would see the routes it took. The clip comes from a'cargopod' vehicle that spent three and a half weeks running autonomously along a cargo route around the airside perimeter. The trial collected over 200km of data for Heathrow, cargo operator IAG Cargo and the software firm providing the self-driving tech, Oxford-based Oxbotica. Fascinating footage has been released of a robot's-eye-view of a driverless vehicle trial at Heathrow Airport, side-by-side with how a human driver would see the routes it took The clip comes from a'cargopod' vehicle, pictured, that spent three and a half weeks running autonomously along a cargo route around the airside perimeter The trial was designed to further understanding about how autonomous vehicles could work in an airside environment so opportunities for their use can be maximised. Lynne Embleton, CEO at IAG Cargo, said: 'Technology is evolving at an incredible pace.
Gatwick claims it will be the first airport to operate self-driving cars "airside", using a system from Oxford University spin-off Oxbotica. The vehicles will move staff around the airport, but at this stage, they will not be used by airline passengers. If the six-month trial is successful, the airport says it may use autonomous vehicles for other purposes, such as "aircraft push back tugs, passenger load bridges, baggage tugs and transportation buses". There are about 40 potential airport applications. Gatwick says it has 300 airside vehicles and that they are stationary 90 percent of the time.
This year, Co.Design asked a handful of design firms to take on the moral dilemma of self-driving car decision-making: What does a car do when it has to choose between saving its passenger and saving a pedestrian? Their solutions included smart roads, flying airbags, and air traffic control-style systems.
Traffic congestion is one of the most prevalent and frustrating characteristics associated with major cities. Despite being known as the "Garden City," Singapore has one of the highest road densities of developed nations with 4.8km of road for each square kilometre of land. Singapore also has one of the highest ratios of vehicles per kilometre of road at 232. This is significantly higher than Japan (63), France (39), the United Kingdom (77) and the United States (37). Even though the country has put in place a range of incentives and constraints to limit the impact cars have on the city-state with a system of quotas, registration fees, and congestion charges, traffic congestion still remains a major concern.