US government


Ruling gives FAA more power over drones than local governments

Engadget

When it comes to drone regulations, the FAA's rules trump anything local governments conjure up. Newton resident Michael Singer filed the lawsuit in a bid to eliminate some of the city's rules that don't align with the FAA's, including having to register with every municipality it has to fly over and to maintain an altitude of 400 feet and above over private and Newton city property. US District Judge William G. Young explained that "Newton's choice to restrict any drone use below this altitude (400 feet) thus works to eliminate any drone use in the confines of the city, absent prior permission. Since we're still figuring out which drone rules and regulations work, the judge's decision could influence similar cases and even local authorities' decisions regarding drone use in the future.


Iran tests new missile after U.S. criticizes arms program

The Japan Times

The United States has imposed unilateral sanctions on Iran, saying its missile tests violate a U.N. resolution, which calls on Tehran not to undertake activities related to missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons. "You are seeing images of the successful test of the Khoramshahr ballistic missile with a range of 2,000 km, the latest missile of our country," state television said, adding this was Iran's third missile with such a range. "Extremely concerned by reports of Iran missile test, which is inconsistent with U.N. resolution 2231. Iran's defense minister said on Saturday foreign pressures would not affect Iran's missile program.


Doctor Hazel, an AI aimed at skin cancer detection, is latest in a long line

#artificialintelligence

Engineers participating in a hackathon last weekend demonstrated an artificial intelligence that they say could someday detect cancerous moles, TechCrunch reports. Apps, mobile platforms, and camera devices designed to evaluate moles and estimate skin cancer risk have a long history filled with successes and failures. That same year, University of Michigan Health System physicians launched UMSkinCheck featuring reminders and instructions for patients to self-examine their moles and skin lesions over time. The FTC alleged that the marketers of both mole photography-based apps "deceptively claimed the apps accurately analyzed melanoma risk," and that the marketers had insufficient evidence to make these claims.


How Machine Learning Stopped a Brute Force Attack - insideBIGDATA

#artificialintelligence

In this special guest feature, Sekhar Sarukkai, Chief Scientist at Skyhigh Networks, discusses the power of machine learning and user behavior analytics in detecting and mitigating the effects of cyberattacks before financial loss occurs. Prior to founding Skyhigh Networks, Sekhar was a Sr. Director of Engineering at Cisco Systems responsible for delivering Cisco's market leading network access control products, including Cisco's Identity Services Engine. Credit Card Security: Another machine learning use case where machine learning is combined with UBA is credit card security. Natural Language Processing: Another interesting application of machine learning is natural language processing (NLP).


Resources -- automated systems and bias – Abeba Birhane – Medium

#artificialintelligence

I have keenly been following such discussion for a while and this post is an attempt to put together the articles, books, book reviews, videos, interviews, twitter threads and so on., that I've come across in one place so it can be used as a resource. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color. Here is a long interview with Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths and a TED Talk with Tom Griffiths on The Computer Science of Human Decision Making. How I'm fighting bias in algorthims TED Talk -- MIT Researcher Joy Buolamwini, November 2016 More recently, April, 2017 The era of blind faith in big data must end TED Talk -- Cathy O'Neil Data is the new gold, who are the new thieves?


At Toyota, The Automation Is Human-Powered

#artificialintelligence

On the assembly line in Toyota's low-strung, sprawling Georgetown, Kentucky factory, worker ingenuity pops up in the least expected places. Even as the automaker unveils an updated version of its vaunted production system, called the Toyota New Global Architecture (TNGA), the company has resisted the very modern allure of automation–a particularly contrarian stance to take in the car industry, which is estimated to be responsible for over half of commercial robot purchases in North America. Despite its dry subject, this book had a radical impact inside and outside of the business community–for the first time, unveiling the mysteries of Japanese industrial expertise and popularizing terms like lean production, continuous improvement, andon assembly lines, seven wastes or mudas and product flow. Codified as the Toyota New Global Architecture, this strategy doesn't primarily target labor to reduce production expenses but instead is weighted toward smarter use of materials; reengineering automobiles so their component parts are lighter and more compact and their weight distribution is maxed out for performance and fuel efficiency; more economical global sharing of engine and vehicle models (trimming back more than 100 different platforms to fewer than ten); and a renewed emphasis on elusive lean concepts, such as processes that allow assembly lines to produce a different car one after another with no downtime.


This AI reads the news to keep tabs on US police shootings

New Scientist

A 2016 study by the US Bureau of Justice Statistics found that police records cover half as many police-related deaths as media reports. His team's algorithm analyses sentences in news reports to try to extract the names of people who have been killed. An algorithm extracted sentences that it thought referred to police shootings, and then compared these sentences to the names in Burghart's database to find out which ones referred to people who had actually been shot by police. Despite the narrow focus, Burghart says machine learning will eventually mean that he doesn't have to spend hours every week digging through past news reports to pull together records of police-related deaths.


'Trump looking to loosen Obama limits on drone strikes'

Al Jazeera

The officials added that proposed drone attacks and raids would no longer undergo high-level vetting. NBC News cited officials at intelligence agencies, the Pentagon, Congress and the White House, who all requested anonymity to discuss the classified programme. The international human rights organisation Reprieve has found that since Trump took office in January this year, at least 30 civilians have been killed in ground raids and drone strikes in Yemen, where the US is not formally at war. In one week in March, the Trump administration conducted some 40 strikes in Yemen, including 25 on a single day.


Japan in unique position to take global lead in investment and trade: experts

The Japan Times

Somewhat overshadowed in recent years by China's rise as a regional and global power, Japan still extends considerable influence as a world leader in various fields, including investment, policy management and trade, according to experts who gathered at a Tokyo conference earlier this week. Hiromichi Mizuno, chief investment officer at Government Pension Investment Fund said the country can show leadership in the field of investment by educating on responsible investment, a concept that gained traction after the fall of Lehman Brothers in 2008 that triggered the global financial crisis, exemplifying the long-term failure of a capitalism that emphasizes the single-minded pursuit of short-term corporate profits. Meanwhile, in a session that focused on free trade and protectionism, experts said Japan's leadership is being tested to fight against emerging protectionism, especially under U.S. President Donald Trump's administration. An organization called G1 Institute has held its G1 Global Conference every year since 2011 and invites noted experts from various fields of business, art, entertainment and politics to high-level discussions conducted in English.


The Meteorologist's Lament

Slate

Meteorologists on television and companies like AccuWeather provide the forecasts, while the government maintains the common meteorological infrastructure and provides storm warnings to the public at large. Businesses that require tailored forecasts and storm warnings receive them from private-sector companies. That way, the public is not subsidizing specialized services for business. The budget of the National Weather Service is $1,124,149,000 per year, or $3.45 per person.