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But video footage poses a "Big Data" challenge to human rights organizations. To take on this Big Data challenge, Jay and team have developed a new machine learning-based audio processing system that "enables both synchronization of multiple audio-rich videos of the same event, and discovery of specific sounds (such as wind, screaming, gunshots, airplane noise, music, and explosions) at the frame level within a video." I've been following Jay's applied research for many years now and continue to be a fan of his approach given the overlap with my own work in the use of machine learning to make sense of the Big Data generated during major natural disasters. Effective cross-disciplinary collaboration between computer scientists and human rights (or humanitarian) practitioners is really hard but absolutely essential.
Using the IAT as a model, Caliskan and her colleagues created the Word-Embedding Association Test (WEAT), which analyzes chunks of text to see which concepts are more closely associated than others. As an example, Caliskan made a video (see above) where she shows how the Google Translate AI actually mistranslates words into the English language based on stereotypes it has learned about gender. Though Caliskan and her colleagues found language was full of biases based on prejudice and stereotypes, it was also full of latent truths as well. "Language reflects facts about the world," Caliskan told Ars.
Science fiction novels have long delighted readers by grappling with futuristic challenges like the possibility of artificial intelligence so difficult to distinguish from human beings that people naturally ask, "should these sophisticated computer programs be considered human? Tech industry luminaries such as Tesla CEO Elon Musk have recently endorsed concepts like guaranteed minimum income or universal basic income. Bill Gates recently made headlines with a proposal to impose a "robot tax" -- essentially, a tax on automated solutions to account for the social costs of job displacement. Technology challenges our conception of human rights in other ways, as well.
But the city's new effort seems to ignore evidence, including recent research from members of our policing study team at the Human Rights Data Analysis Group, that predictive policing tools reinforce, rather than reimagine, existing police practices. Machine-learning algorithms learn to make predictions by analyzing patterns in an initial training data set and then look for similar patterns in new data as they come in. Our recent study, by Human Rights Data Analysis Group's Kristian Lum and William Isaac, found that predictive policing vendor PredPol's purportedly race-neutral algorithm targeted black neighborhoods at roughly twice the rate of white neighborhoods when trained on historical drug crime data from Oakland, California. This should start with community members and police departments discussing policing priorities and measures of police performance.
Robots are picking up sexist and racist biases based on information used to program them predominantly coming from one homogenous group of people, suggests a new study from Princeton University and the U.K.'s University of Bath. But robots based on artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning learn from historic human data and this data usually contain biases," Caliskan tells The Current's Anna Maria Tremonti. With the federal government recently announcing a $125 million investment in Canada's AI industry, Duhaime says now is the time to make sure funding goes towards pushing women forward in this field. "There is an understanding in the research community that we have to be careful and we have to have a plan with respect to ethical correctness of AI systems," she tells Tremonti.
It did, however, identify other Nazi leaders like Joseph Mengele and Joseph Goebbels. Microsoft (MSFT) released CaptionBot a few weeks after its disastrous social experiment with Tay, an automated chat program designed to talk like a teen. Related: Microsoft'deeply sorry' for chat bot's racist tweets In addition to ignoring pictures of Hitler, CaptionBot also seemed to refuse to identify people like Osama bin Laden. Generally speaking, bots are software programs designed to hold conversations with people about data-driven tasks, such as managing schedules or retrieving data and information.