ENVIRONMENT


Military Continues to Design War Matrix with "Internet of Battlefield Things"

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These Internet of Things (IoT) technologies will give our enemies ever increasing capabilities that must be countered, but commercial developments do not address the unique challenges that the Army will face in using them. Virginia Tech's ECE explains the mission further: The project, entitled "Optimal Placement of Things in an Adversarial Internet of Battlefield Things," will focus how, when, and where to strategically deploy and operate a number of different smart devices in an integrated IoBT. These variables include heterogeneous sets of data sources, the rapidly shifting makeup of the battlefield environment, the wide-ranging capabilities of smart items, the need to account for human behavior on the battlefield, and the adversarial nature of the IoBT due to the possibility of malicious attacks. The Army Research Laboratory is taking a multi-discipline approach with side-by-side programs called "Distributed and Collaborative Intelligent Systems and Technology" and the aforementioned "Internet of Battlefield Things."


75 Big Data terms everyone should know - Dataconomy

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Just to give you a quick recap, I covered the following terms in my first article: Algorithm, Analytics, Descriptive analytics, Prescriptive analytics, Predictive analytics, Batch processing, Cassandra, Cloud computing, Cluster computing, Dark Data, Data Lake, Data mining, Data Scientist, Distributed file system, ETL, Hadoop, In-memory computing, IOT, Machine learning, Mapreduce, NoSQL, R, Spark, Stream processing, Structured Vs. Now let's get on with 50 more big data terms. Apache Mahout: Mahout provides a library of pre-made algorithms for machine learning and data mining and also an environment to create more algorithms. All these provide quick and interactive SQL like interactions with Apache Hadoop data. It is about making sense of our web surfing patterns, social media interactions, our ecommerce actions (shopping carts etc.)


DeepMind says it's given AI an imagination. Let's take a closer look at that

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In two papers published this week – "Imagination-Augmented Agents for Deep Reinforcement Learning" and "Learning model-based planning from scratch" – the AI biz's brain boffins, based in Britain, describe novel techniques for improving deep reinforcement learning through what can generously be described as imaginative planning. The researchers tested their imaginative agent with Sokoban, a puzzle-oriented video game, created in Japan in 1981, that involves moving boxes around a warehouse, and a spaceship navigation game. "Because agents are able to extract more knowledge from internal simulations, they can solve tasks more with fewer imagination steps than conventional search methods, like the Monte Carlo tree search." Thinking before acting makes machine learning efforts slower, but the researchers contend, "This is essential in irreversible domains, where actions can have catastrophic outcomes, such as in Sokoban."


Incredible worm-like robot can climb up into the air, make itself bigger and squeeze into small holes

The Independent

The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar. Japan's On-Art Corp's CEO Kazuya Kanemaru poses with his company's eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot'TRX03' and other robots during a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan Japan's On-Art ...


Lyft ups ante on Uber, starts self-driving car division

USATODAY

"This is too strategic an area for us not to be a player," said Luc Vincent, the Google Street View creator who now serves as Lyft's vice president of autonomony. Former Google Street View expert Luc Vincent will guide Lyft's new autonomous car team. Anthony Levandowski, a former Google car engineer who departed to start self-driving truck company Otto, became Uber's head of autonomous programs when Uber bought Otto last year. Kapoor and his colleagues were vague when asked what specific hardware, including LiDAR, Lyft's new team planned to develop.


Silicon Valley's push for universal basic income is -- surprise! -- totally self-serving

Los Angeles Times

But to me, having just published a book about the lopsided returns of the digital economy, universal basic income seemed an obvious solution to a problem first posed in the 1950s by the inventor of cybernetics, Norbert Wiener: What would happen when robots could till the fields, rendering human labor obsolete? In a highly automated environment, a guaranteed minimum income for basics like food, housing and healthcare would provide for those incapable of finding jobs. What's more, study after study has shown that a universal basic income doesn't lead to laziness. So I should have been glad last spring when the developers at Uber began to ask me about universal basic income, or UBI.


UEBA: Finding cybersecurity 'normal' with data science & machine learning

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UEBA uses machine learning and data science to gain an understanding of how Users (humans) and Entities (machines) within an environment typically behave. Then, by looking for risky, anomalous activity that deviates from normal behaviour, UEBA helps identify cyber threats. BS: All of the biggest data breaches, judged either by number of records breached or the importance of the data stolen, have involved attackers leveraging stolen user credentials to gain access. Businesses need UEBA because their existing threat detection tools are unable to detect hackers that are leveraging stolen, but valid, user credentials.


A Keen-Eyed Robot Goes to Work for a Paralyzed Veteran

WIRED

With the assistance of its human handlers, the Human Support Robot, as Toyota calls it, wheeled into Camargo's home on a mission: to support the quadriplegic veteran and in the process pave the way for truly useful care robots. Even if you're working with a cookie-cutter floor plan in a McMansion development, what's inside the home is changing day by day or hour by hour. And for the time being, it has to identify objects in Camargo's home using QR codes. After getting good grasp, the robot makes its way back to Camargo.


Nvidia and the GPU: contribution to the AI world of self-driving cars

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In other words, GPU delivers better prediction accuracy, faster results, smaller footprint, lower power and lower costs. What is fascinating about Nvidia is that it has a full stack solution architecture for DL applications, making it easier and faster for data scientist engineers to deploy their programs. As part of a complete software stack for autonomous driving, NVIDIA created a neural-network-based system, known as PilotNet, which outputs steering angles given images of the road ahead. In addition to learning the obvious features such as lane markings, edges of roads, and other cars, PilotNet learns more subtle features that would be hard to anticipate and program by engineers, for example, bushes lining the edge of the road and atypical vehicle classes (Source:Cornell university CS department).


Making a robot learn how to move, part 1 -- Evolutionary algorithms

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Evolutionary algorithms are inspired by the natural process of evolution and natural selection. Every possible solution is made by a series of parameters, w. We then define a fitness function, h(w). As evolution suggests, we select and combine the best performing solutions, finding a new one that shares parameters with both. After some iterations selection, genetic combination and random mutaments will generate solutions that have very high performances.