Collaborating Authors

Xu, Guangquan

OFEI: A Semi-black-box Android Adversarial Sample Attack Framework Against DLaaS Artificial Intelligence

With the growing popularity of Android devices, Android malware is seriously threatening the safety of users. Although such threats can be detected by deep learning as a service (DLaaS), deep neural networks as the weakest part of DLaaS are often deceived by the adversarial samples elaborated by attackers. In this paper, we propose a new semi-black-box attack framework called one-feature-each-iteration (OFEI) to craft Android adversarial samples. This framework modifies as few features as possible and requires less classifier information to fool the classifier. We conduct a controlled experiment to evaluate our OFEI framework by comparing it with the benchmark methods JSMF, GenAttack and pointwise attack. The experimental results show that our OFEI has a higher misclassification rate of 98.25%. Furthermore, OFEI can extend the traditional white-box attack methods in the image field, such as fast gradient sign method (FGSM) and DeepFool, to craft adversarial samples for Android. Finally, to enhance the security of DLaaS, we use two uncertainties of the Bayesian neural network to construct the combined uncertainty, which is used to detect adversarial samples and achieves a high detection rate of 99.28%.

DynaComm: Accelerating Distributed CNN Training between Edges and Clouds through Dynamic Communication Scheduling Artificial Intelligence

To reduce uploading bandwidth and address privacy concerns, deep learning at the network edge has been an emerging topic. Typically, edge devices collaboratively train a shared model using real-time generated data through the Parameter Server framework. Although all the edge devices can share the computing workloads, the distributed training processes over edge networks are still time-consuming due to the parameters and gradients transmission procedures between parameter servers and edge devices. Focusing on accelerating distributed Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) training at the network edge, we present DynaComm, a novel scheduler that dynamically decomposes each transmission procedure into several segments to achieve optimal communications and computations overlapping during run-time. Through experiments, we verify that DynaComm manages to achieve optimal scheduling for all cases compared to competing strategies while the model accuracy remains untouched.

Big Data Analytics for Manufacturing Internet of Things: Opportunities, Challenges and Enabling Technologies Artificial Intelligence

The recent advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have promoted the evolution of conventional computer-aided manufacturing industry to smart data-driven manufacturing. Data analytics in massive manufacturing data can extract huge business values while can also result in research challenges due to the heterogeneous data types, enormous volume and real-time velocity of manufacturing data. This paper provides an overview on big data analytics in manufacturing Internet of Things (MIoT). This paper first starts with a discussion on necessities and challenges of big data analytics in manufacturing data of MIoT. Then, the enabling technologies of big data analytics of manufacturing data are surveyed and discussed. Moreover, this paper also outlines the future directions in this promising area.

TRM: Computing Reputation Score by Mining Reviews

AAAI Conferences

As the rapid development of e-commerce, reputation model has been proposed to help customers make effective purchase decisions. However, most of reputation models focus only on the overall ratings of products without considering reviews which provided by customers. We believe that textual reviews provided by buyers can express their real opinions more honestly. As so, in this paper, based on word2vector model, we propose a Textual Reputation Model (TRM) to obtain useful information from reviews, and evaluate the trustworthiness of objective product. Experimental results on real data demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in capturing reputation information from reviews.