If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Likelihood-free methods refer to procedures that perform likelihood-based statistical inference, but without direct evaluation of the likelihood function. This is attractive when the likelihood function is computationally prohibitive to evaluate due to dataset size or model complexity, or when the likelihood function is only known through a data generation process. Some classes of likelihood-free methods include pseudo-marginal methods (Beaumont 2003; Andrieu and Roberts 2009), indirect inference (Gourieroux et al. 1993) and approximate Bayesian computation (Sisson et al. 2018a). In particular, approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) methods form an approximation to the computationally intractable posterior distribution by firstly sampling parameter vectors from the prior, and conditional on these, generating synthetic datasets under the model. The parameter vectors are then weighted by how well a vector of summary statistics of the synthetic datasets matches the same summary statistics of the observed data. ABC methods have seen extensive application and development over the past 15 years.
Fan, Y., Sisson, S. A.
This Chapter, "ABC Samplers", is to appear in the forthcoming Handbook of Approximate Bayesian Computation (2018). It details the main ideas and algorithms used to sample from the ABC approximation to the posterior distribution, including methods based on rejection/importance sampling, MCMC and sequential Monte Carlo.