Nii, H. Penny


Knowledge-Based Systems Research and Applications in Japan, 1992

AI Magazine

Representatives of universities and businesses were chosen by the Japan Technology Evaluation Center to investigate the state of the technology in Japan relative to the United States. The panel's report focused on applications, tools, and research and development in universities and industry and on major national projects.


Blackboard Application Systems, Blackboard Systems and a Knowledge Engineering Perspective

AI Magazine

The objectives of this document (a part of a retrospective monograph on the AGE Project currently in preparation) are (1) to define what is meant by blackboard systems and (2) to show the richness and diversity of blackboard system designs. In Part 1 we discussed the underlying concept behind all blackboard systems -- the blackboard model of problem solving. We also traced the history of ideas and designs of some application systems that helped shape the blackboard model. In application systems, the blackboard system components are integrated into the domain knowledge required to solve the problem at hand.


The Blackboard Model of Problem Solving and the Evolution of Blackboard Architectures

AI Magazine

The objectives of this article are (1) to define what is meant by "blackboard systems" and (2) to show the richness and diversity of blackboard system designs. The article begins with a discussion of the underlying concept behind all blackboard systems, the blackboard model of problem solving. In Section 2 the history of ideas is traced, and the designs of some application systems that helped shape the blackboard model are detailed. Part 2 of this article which will appear in the next issue of AI Magazine, describes and contrasts some blackboard systems and discusses the characteristics of application problems suitable for the blackboard method of problem solving.


Signal-to-Symbol Transformation: HASP/SIAP Case Study

AI Magazine

Artificial intelligence is that part of computer science that concerns itself with the concepts and methods of symbolic inference and symbolic representation of knowledge. But within the last fifteen years, it has concerned itself also with signals -- with the interpretation or understanding of signal data. AI researchers have discussed "signal-to symbol transformations," and their programs have shown how appropriate use of symbolic manipulations can be of great use in making signal processing more effective and efficient. Indeed, the programs for signal understanding have been fruitful, powerful, and among the most widely recognized of AI's achievements.