If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Recovery of low-rank matrices from a small number of linear measurements is now well-known to be possible under various model assumptions on the measurements. Such results demonstrate robustness and are backed with provable theoretical guarantees. However, extensions to tensor recovery have only recently began to be studied and developed, despite an abundance of practical tensor applications. Recently, a tensor variant of the Iterative Hard Thresholding method was proposed and theoretical results were obtained that guarantee exact recovery of tensors with low Tucker rank. In this paper, we utilize the same tensor version of the Restricted Isometry Property (RIP) to extend these results for tensors with low CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) rank. In doing so, we leverage recent results on efficient approximations of CP decompositions that remove the need for challenging assumptions in prior works. We complement our theoretical findings with empirical results that showcase the potential of the approach.
Machine learning algorithms typically rely on optimization subroutines and are well-known to provide very effective outcomes for many types of problems. Here, we flip the reliance and ask the reverse question: can machine learning algorithms lead to more effective outcomes for optimization problems? Our goal is to train machine learning methods to automatically improve the performance of optimization and signal processing algorithms. As a proof of concept, we use our approach to improve two popular data processing subroutines in data science: stochastic gradient descent and greedy methods in compressed sensing. We provide experimental results that demonstrate the answer is ``yes'', machine learning algorithms do lead to more effective outcomes for optimization problems, and show the future potential for this research direction.
Sparsity-based models and techniques have been exploited in many signal processing and imaging applications. Data-driven methods based on dictionary and transform learning enable learning rich image features from data, and can outperform analytical models. In particular, alternating optimization algorithms for dictionary learning have been popular. In this work, we focus on alternating minimization for a specific structured unitary operator learning problem, and provide a convergence analysis. While the algorithm converges to the critical points of the problem generally, our analysis establishes under mild assumptions, the local linear convergence of the algorithm to the underlying generating model of the data. Analysis and numerical simulations show that our assumptions hold well for standard probabilistic data models. In practice, the algorithm is robust to initialization.