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Müller, Nicolas Michael

Data Poisoning Attacks on Regression Learning and Corresponding Defenses

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Adversarial data poisoning is an effective attack against machine learning and threatens model integrity by introducing poisoned data into the training dataset. So far, it has been studied mostly for classification, even though regression learning is used in many mission critical systems (such as dosage of medication, control of cyber-physical systems and managing power supply). Therefore, in the present research, we aim to evaluate all aspects of data poisoning attacks on regression learning, exceeding previous work both in terms of breadth and depth. We present realistic scenarios in which data poisoning attacks threaten production systems and introduce a novel black-box attack, which is then applied to a real-word medical use-case. As a result, we observe that the mean squared error (MSE) of the regressor increases to 150 percent due to inserting only two percent of poison samples. Finally, we present a new defense strategy against the novel and previous attacks and evaluate it thoroughly on 26 datasets. As a result of the conducted experiments, we conclude that the proposed defence strategy effectively mitigates the considered attacks.

Identifying Mislabeled Instances in Classification Datasets

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.Abstract --A key requirement for supervised machine learning is labeled training data, which is created by annotating unlabeled data with the appropriate class. Because this process can in many cases not be done by machines, labeling needs to be performed by human domain experts. This process tends to be expensive both in time and money, and is prone to errors. Additionally, reviewing an entire labeled dataset manually is often prohibitively costly, so many real world datasets contain mislabeled instances. T o address this issue, we present in this paper a nonparametric end-to-end pipeline to find mislabeled instances in numerical, image and natural language datasets. We evaluate our system quantitatively by adding a small number of label noise to 29 datasets, and show that we find mislabeled instances with an average precision of more than 0.84 when reviewing our system's top 1% recommendation. We then apply our system to publicly available datasets and find mislabeled instances in CIF AR-100, Fashion-MNIST, and others. Finally, we publish the code and an applicable implementation of our approach.