Levesque, Hector

The Winograd Schema Challenge

AAAI Conferences

In this paper, we present an alternative to the Turing Test that has some conceptual and practical advantages. A Winograd schema is a pair of sentences that differ only in one or two words and that contain a referential ambiguity that is resolved in opposite directions in the two sentences. We have compiled a collection of Winograd schemas, designed so that the correct answer is obvious to the human reader, but cannot easily be found using selectional restrictions or statistical techniques over text corpora. A contestant in the Winograd Schema Challenge is presented with a collection of one sentence from each pair, and required to achieve human-level accuracy in choosing the correct disambiguation.

Is It Enough to Get the Behaviour Right?

AAAI Conferences

This paper deals with the relationship between intelligent behaviour, on the   one hand, and the mental qualities needed to produce it, on the other.  We   consider two well-known opposing positions on this issue: one due to Alan   Turing and one due to John Searle (via the Chinese Room).  In particular, we   argue against Searle, showing that his answer to the so-called System Reply   does not work.  The argument takes a novel form:   we shift the debate to a different and more plausible room where the   required conversational behaviour is much easier to characterize and to   analyze.  Despite being much simpler than the Chinese Room, we show that    the  behaviour there is still complex enough that it cannot be produced without   appropriate mental qualities.

The 2005 AAAI Classic Paper Awards

AI Magazine

Mitchell and Levesque provide commentary on the two AAAI Classic Paper awards, given at the AAAI-05 conference in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The two winning papers were "Quantifying the Inductive Bias in Concept Learning," by David Haussler, and "Default Reasoning, Nonmonotonic Logics, and the Frame Problem," by Steve Hanks and Drew McDermott.

Knowledge representation and reasoning


See also:A Fundamental Tradeoff in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. Slides. Department of Computer and Information Science. Norwegian University of Science and Technology. IT3706 - Knowledge Representation and Modelling, 2005.Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. Morgan Kaufmann, 2004.Proceedings of the First International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA, 1989.Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (1st ed.). James Allen, Ronald J. Brachman, Erik Sandewall, Hector J. Levesque, Ray Reiter, and Richard Fikes (Eds.). Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA.Annual Review of Computer Science Vol. 1: 255-287