Collaborating Authors

Lee, Donghun

Truly Batch Apprenticeship Learning with Deep Successor Features Machine Learning

We introduce a novel apprenticeship learning algorithm to learn an expert's underlying reward structure in off-policy model-free \emph{batch} settings. Unlike existing methods that require a dynamics model or additional data acquisition for on-policy evaluation, our algorithm requires only the batch data of observed expert behavior. Such settings are common in real-world tasks---health care, finance or industrial processes ---where accurate simulators do not exist or data acquisition is costly. To address challenges in batch settings, we introduce Deep Successor Feature Networks(DSFN) that estimate feature expectations in an off-policy setting and a transition-regularized imitation network that produces a near-expert initial policy and an efficient feature representation. Our algorithm achieves superior results in batch settings on both control benchmarks and a vital clinical task of sepsis management in the Intensive Care Unit.

Evaluating Reinforcement Learning Algorithms in Observational Health Settings Machine Learning

Much attention has been devoted recently to the development of machine learning algorithms with the goal of improving treatment policies in healthcare. Reinforcement learning (RL) is a sub-field within machine learning that is concerned with learning how to make sequences of decisions so as to optimize long-term effects. Already, RL algorithms have been proposed to identify decision-making strategies for mechanical ventilation, sepsis management and treatment of schizophrenia. However, before implementing treatment policies learned by black-box algorithms in high-stakes clinical decision problems, special care must be taken in the evaluation of these policies. In this document, our goal is to expose some of the subtleties associated with evaluating RL algorithms in healthcare. We aim to provide a conceptual starting point for clinical and computational researchers to ask the right questions when designing and evaluating algorithms for new ways of treating patients. In the following, we describe how choices about how to summarize a history, variance of statistical estimators, and confounders in more ad-hoc measures can result in unreliable, even misleading estimates of the quality of a treatment policy. We also provide suggestions for mitigating these effects---for while there is much promise for mining observational health data to uncover better treatment policies, evaluation must be performed thoughtfully.

Deep Learning on Key Performance Indicators for Predictive Maintenance in SAP HANA Machine Learning

With a new era of cloud and big data, Database Management Systems (DBMSs) have become more crucial in numerous enterprise business applications in all the industries. Accordingly, the importance of their proactive and preventive maintenance has also increased. However, detecting problems by predefined rules or stochastic modeling has limitations, particularly when analyzing the data on high-dimensional Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) from a DBMS. In recent years, Deep Learning (DL) has opened new opportunities for this complex analysis. In this paper, we present two complementary DL approaches to detect anomalies in SAP HANA. A temporal learning approach is used to detect abnormal patterns based on unlabeled historical data, whereas a spatial learning approach is used to classify known anomalies based on labeled data. We implement a system in SAP HANA integrated with Google TensorFlow. The experimental results with real-world data confirm the effectiveness of the system and models.